Greek Mythology - Ms. Patterson's class website

Greek Mythology - Ms. Patterson's class website

Greek Mythology Places and How the Earth Began Places The Underworld Mt. Olympus

The River Styx Earth The Ocean Mt. Olympus Olympus was where the gods lived. Zeus married his sister and together they ruled Olympus. There really is a Mt. Olympus and since it was so high up the Ancient Greeks

decided it was the realm of the gods. Humans and other creatures could only visit Olympus if they had an invitation. Earth Earth is where the humans lived. Sometimes gods visited Earth, and often fell in love with one of Earths inhabitants. Sometimes they would have children who would be half human/half god. Many strange and dangerous creatures roamed Earth and heroes had to slaughter them.

The Underworld The underworld was a place inside the earth that was made up of three places; Tartarus, The Asphodel Fields, and The Elsyian Fields. The underworld was ruled by Hades, a.k.a. Pluto. Hades was Zeuss brother. The Asphodel Fields

The Elysian Fields Tartarus The Ocean The Ocean surrounded the Earth. The Ocean was ruled by Poseidon and his wife, Amphitrite, who was a sea-nymph. Poseidon controlled the wind and the waves. Sailors often

made sacrifices to him so they would have smooth sailing. The Styx The River Styx was the way to get to the underworld. To get across you must pay Charon, the boatman. The cost was one obol, a Greek coin. After you paid him he would take you across. The Asphodel Fields

Normal commoners went to the Asphodel Fields. This was a gray, shadowy, misty, and ghostly place. Here their souls wandered around like shadows. Tartarus Tartarus is where the worst humans and gods went. They suffered horrendous punishments such as eternal hunger and thirst, being tied to a wheel of fire, being hit with thunderbolts, climbing a mountain endlessly, and shameful donkeys ears.

These people had to suffer for eternity. The Elysian Fields Heroic, kind, and noble people went to the Elysian Fields. Here they rested and enjoyed lives of luxury and bliss. You could be sent to Earth to live another life after you died. If you went to the Elysian Field three times you could go to the Isles of the Blessed and never leave.

ZEUS Roman name Jupiter Zeus was the supreme god of the Olympians. God of the sky and Olympus. His symbol is a lightning bolt and thunder. Particularly fond of beautiful women (goddesses or mortals)

Has power over gods and humans, can do as he pleases POSEIDON Roman name Neptune Poseidon was the god of the sea, earthquakes and horses. Although he was officially one of the supreme gods of Mount Olympus, he spent most of his

time in his watery domain. Symbols trident, horse, bull Zeus brother often distinguished in art by the fishermans trident Can cause tidal waves and earthquakes Hera Roman name Juno

Hera was the goddess of marriage. She was the wife of Zeus and Queen of the Olympians. Her symbols are the peacock and cow She punished the women Zeus fell in love with Able to inflict madness Mother of heaven

She is capable of seducing men, she is a shape-shifter, can help/hinder heroes HADES Roman name Pluto Hades was the God of the dead and ruler of the Underworld, which was called Hades after the god.

Hades abducted Persephone, who became his queen. Symbols helmet, metal jewels His helmet makes him invisible, called the helmet of darkness DEMETER Roman name Ceres Demeter was the goddess of agriculture. She was the sister of

Zeus and the mother of Persephone. She is a kind of bond between heaven and earth Her symbol is wheat, ear of corn, poppy can make humans immortal Controls the fertility of the earth wont let plants grow due to Persephones kidnapping

HESTIA Roman name Vesta Zeus sister. Very gentle Goddess of home and hearth She is a powerful protector Her symbols are the hearth and the living flame She is the oldest of the Olympians

One of 3 goddesses immune to Aphrodites influence cannot be forced to love anyone APHRODITE Roman name Venus Aphrodite was the goddess of love, beauty and fertility. She was also a protector of sailors.

Has a magic girdle with powers to compel love Symbols dove Myth says she sprang from the ocean foam Married to Hephaeustus Son Eros (cupid figure) ATHENA Roman name Minerva

Athena was the goddess of crafts and the domestic arts and also those of war and wisdom. She was the patron goddess of Athens. Her symbol was the owl and olive tree. It is said to have sprung fully grown from Zeus head

APOLLO Roman name Apollo Apollo was the god of prophesy, music ,healing, light and reason. Zeus son associated with the sun Symbols lyre, sun, bow and chariot he drives across the sky His arrows could send out the plague

He also has the ability to heal ARTEMIS Roman name Diana Artemis was the goddess of the hunt and the moon. She helped women in childbirth, but also brought sudden death with her arrows. Apollos twin sister

She is associated with the moon Her symbols crescent moon, cypress Sometimes called Cynthia ARES Roman name Mars Ares was the god of war, or more precisely of warlike

frenzy. Son of Zeus and Hera bloodthirsty and merciless Symbols vulture, dog, often carried a bloody spear Both of his parents disliked him HEPHAESTUS Roman name Vulcan

Hephaestus was the lame god of fire and crafts or the two together, hence of blacksmiths. Known as the friendly God Unlike his brother Ares he was very kind Symbols fire, blacksmiths hammer Married Aphrodite

HERMES Roman name Mercury Hermes was the messenger of the gods and guide of dead souls to the Underworld. Also the God of Science and Invention Known as a trickster, a friend of thieves

Said to have invented gymnastics and boxing Symbols winged helmet and sandals DIONYSUS Roman name Bacchus Dionysus was the god of wine, revelry, drama and dancing. Symbols grape vine, ivy and

snakes Son of Zeus and Semele (mortal) They talk about him coming from faraway lands, bringing with him followers: Maenads (raving women); satyrs (half goat); and Sileni (half horse)

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