Greeks, and Romans, and Knights, OH MY!

Greeks, and Romans, and Knights, OH MY!

Bellringer: Aug 18 What are Ms. Bs 5 basic class rules. What is the extra credit opportunity when you read the text book? Greeks, and Romans, and Knights, OH MY! The Classical Civilizations and Medieval Times Unit 1: Part 1

Review Go over Timeline (BCE to CE) Go over Roman Numerals 5 key changes in history Social Political Economic Division of European History

Euro History is divided into 3 eras: Classical Civilization 750 BC to 467 AD Included the Ancient Greeks and Ancient Romans Middle Ages: 467 AD-1500 AD Modern Era: 1500-Present Geography of Greece

Located on the continent of Europe Surrounded by water Mountainous terrain What does all this mean?

Ancient Greece Lasted from 750 BC-146 BC Is it a City or a State? 800-700s BC the Greeks formed independent city states City-State- a region controlled by a city (ex: Athens, Sparta, Corinth) Polis- Greek word for a city Characteristics of a city-state

Shared a common language and culture Each polis was politically independent Greeks were NOT united under a single govt Ruled by powerful kings Polis- Greek word for a city

Around 650 BC Greeks started to overthrow the tyrants/ kings and thus democracy was established Its all Greek to me Demos: the people Kratos/cracy-the rule Democracy = the rule of the people A form of government where the people control the governments power

Two forms of Democracy: Direct Democracy: each person in society directly makes the governments decisions Representative Democracy: the people elect representatives to make decisions for them (aka: Republic) Early Democracy in Athens Athens first to establish democracy after overthrowing their King

Solon Founding father of democracy 594 BC; he was chosen to reorganize the govt of Athens Divided Athenians into 4 groups based on wealth (only 3 wealthiest groups could hold public office) Citizens with rights: adult males (sorry women, children, and slaves) The Greek Assembly

Voted on laws proposed by the 3 wealthiest groups Any male citizen could serve on the Assembly All citizens could sit in the assembly (again, sorry women, children, slaves) Assembly was example of DIRECT democracy Problem with Solons reforms: the wealthy were able to dominate the Athenian govt. Alexander the Great

356-323 B.C (33 years old when he died) King of Macedonia (NE of Greece) son of Philip II Philip II: brought the city-states of Greece under one rule

Alexander expanded empire and conquered Persians, died in Babylon Legacy is not his reign or territory but the cultural diffusion that resulted (Hellenistic culture) Issue of who was now in charge created confusion and tension- 40 years of frequent turnover in leadership Empire began to collapse and was later divided into 4 power groups Greek Empire under

Alexander the Great 334-323 B.C. The Fall of Greece Alexs empire divided into 4 kingdoms Peloponnesian War 431 B.C.- a Civil War Athens vs. Sparta, long rivals but both Greek Battle of Corinth Fought in 146 B.C.

Romans defeated the Greeks City-states and its people fell under Roman rule Marks the end of Greek rule and the beginning of the Roman Empire

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