Group Dynamics Group Dynamics How individuals affect groups and how groups affect individuals Size of the group is significant
Dyad- 2 ppl smallest most fragile of all human groupings Triad- 3 ppl bond between 2 of the members is stronger, someone left out As more members are added stability increases
but intimacy decreases Effects of Group Size on Behavior As it grows there is a diffusion of responsibility Think about group work, the more people in the
group the less you actually have to do As it grows, the group loses it sense of intimacy Group becomes more formal
As it grows, group tends to divide into smaller groups cliques Group Leaders
People who influence the behavior, opinions, or attitudes of others Who becomes a leader? People who are perceived by group members as strongly representing their values or as able to
lead a group out of a crisis Types of leaders 2 types of leaders:
Instrumental (task-oriented)- try to keep the group moving toward its goal Expressive (socioemotional) those who are less likely to be recognized as leaders but help with the groups morale
3 types of leadership styles: Authoritarian leaders- those who give orders and dont explain why they praise or condemn a persons work Democratic leaders- those who try and gain a consensus
by explaining proposed actions, suggesting alternative approaches and giving facts as the basis for evaluation Laissez-faire leaders- those who are passive and give the group almost total freedom to do as they wish
Which style do you think is the best? Brain Teaser Lets try a little brain teaser!!!
Results Of the fifty people tested, 33 percent always gave the incorrect answers at least half of the time because of peer pressure, even though
they knew the answers were wrong. Only 25 percent always gave the right answer despite the peer pressure. Peer Pressure
A study by Dr. Soloman Asch indicated that people are greatly influenced by peer pressure The group is so powerful that most people are willing to say things that they know are not true just to go along
Think about these question: If the leader of your clique asked you to post a rumor on someones facebook wall, would you? If the leader of your clique asked you to
fight someone, would you? If the leader of your clique asked you to execute someone would you? Milgram Experiment
Power of Authority Groupthink- coined by Irving Janis to refer to the collective tunnel vision that group members sometimes develop
As they begin to think alike, they become convinced that there is only one right viewpoint and a single course of action Comes with great consequences Post 9/11 and Guantanamo Bay
New Essay Questions (10 points) Identify your in-groups and your out-groups. How have your in-groups influenced the way you see the world? And what influence have
your out-groups had on you? Milgrams and Aschs experiments illustrate the power of peer pressure. How has peer pressure operated in your life? Think about something that you did not want to do but did
Translation Exposure (or chapter 10) Agenda How translation exposure arises? Functional currency? Current Rate Method vs. Temporal Method. Balance Sheet Hedge? Earnings Management. Translation Exposure Potential for increase/ decrease in parent's net worth & reported income due to forex change.
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d- Tubocurarine > Metocurine, atracurium, and mivacurium . cisatracurium has the least histamine-releasing effect. No evidence of histamine release was seen after the administration of 0.15 mg/kg (three times the ED95 for twitch depression) of cisatracurium to neurosurgical ICU patients....
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