Harvard Referencing - student.havering-college.ac.uk

Harvard Referencing - student.havering-college.ac.uk

Harvard Referencing or how to avoid plagiarism Harvard Referencing What is referencing? An academic skill A demonstration of depth and breadth of reading The ability to critically evaluate existing knowledge Why reference? To acknowledge the ideas of others

To allow the references to be easily found by the reader To meet the academic standards of your course To avoid accusations of plagiarism or other offences Harvard Referencing Definitions Citation a quotation from another work Direct Indirect

Reference the source of the citation Bibliography a list of all the references Harvard Referencing Academic Offences - Definitions Plagiarism failure to acknowledge the work as that of others Collusion deliberate and intentional collaboration

Duplication replication of an element(s) of ones own material without referencing the original work Harvard Referencing Academic Offences contd.

Aiding and abetting Cheating in an examination Commissioning Fabrication of information Impersonation Syndication

Harvard Referencing Harvard Referencing Top tips for references Make a list as you go along Note the author, title, date and publisher For articles, note the title and the journal title For chapters, note the title and the book title For websites, note the URL and which part of the site you are viewing, the date and

preferably, take a screenshot Harvard Referencing Book with single author Citation: Schmuller (2005, p.320) says that statisticians might create non-normally distributed populations of numbers Bibliography: Schmuller, J. (2005) Statistical analysis with

Excel for Dummies Hoboken: Wiley Publ. Inc. Harvard Referencing Book with multiple authors Citation: Wragg et al (1996, p.57) states that Local education authorities were given responsibility Bibliography:

Wragg, E. et al. (1996) Teacher appraisal observed London: Routledge. Harvard Referencing A journal article Citation: As Gonsalves (2009, p.210) says Conceptual learning statements often indicate a degree of reflection by the participant Bibliography:

Gonsalves, A.J., Harris, D. & McAlpine, L. (2009) The zones framework for both teaching and learning:application to graduate student teaching assistants Journal of Further and Higher Education Vol.33(3), pp.205-218. Harvard Referencing A website Citation: Half of children spend more time in front of a TV or

computer screen than they do reading, a survey suggests. BBC (2009)[Online] Bibliography: British Broadcasting Corporation (2009) Children's books 'ousted by DVDs BBC NewsOnline [Online] Available from: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/8314867.stm [Accessed 20 Oct 2009] Harvard Referencing

An eBook Citation: Trevithick (2005) [online] says that ...the argument that has been centred around competences links to differences of opinion in relation to social work education and training. Bibliography: Trevithick, P. (2005) Social work skills: a practice handbook [e-book] 2nd ed. Maidenhead: Open University Press Available from: http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/extern

al/AbstractView/S9780335228140 [accessed 11/06/2009] Harvard Referencing An online newspaper Citation: Woodman (2009) [online] suggests that ...faster trains may come on stream, but costs may be prohibitive... Bibliography: Woodman, P. (2009) 140mph trains previewed, but they'll

cost more, The Independent Online [Online] Available from: http://www.independent.co.uk/travel/news-andadvice/140mph-trains-previewed-but-theyll-cost-more1694068.html [Accessed 8 July 2009] Harvard Referencing Secondary Referencing Citation: McNamara (1973) as cited by Easterly (2006, p.159) states that ...we propose to

double the Banks operations in the fiscal period... Bibliography: Easterly, W. (2006) The white mans burden Oxford: OUP Harvard Referencing Indirect citations or Paraphrasing Direct citation: Ashworth (2012, p25) tells us that the Privy Council has

identified four factors to consider the assessing whether economic duress is present. Indirect citation or paraphrasing: The Privy Council has outlined a number of circumstances in which it can be evidenced that a person has been financially persuaded to take action against their better judgement or interests (Ashworth, 2012). Bibliography: Ashworth, A. (2012) Contractual procedures in the construction industry 6th ed. Harlow: Pearson

Exercise Harvard Referencing Where to find help Guide to the Harvard System of Referencing via iPAC, LRC Homepage or Moodle: Student Intranet. Harvard Referencing

More exercise Harvard Referencing Question 1 The author of a book is Graham P. Cornish. How should his name appear in a bibliography? A B

C D Graham P. Cornish G. P. Cornish Cornish, G.P. Cornish, Graham P. Harvard Referencing Question 2

You have a direct citation in your essay. How should it appear? A Secker defines born digital resources as content that is first created in digital format. B Secker (2010, p. 91) defines born digital resources as content that is first created in digital format. C Born digital resources is content that is first created in digital format according to Secker (p.91). D Born digital resources is content that is first created in digital format says Secker 2010.

Harvard Referencing Question 3 In a bibliography, how should the title Copyright and e-learning be displayed? A Secker, J. (2010) Copyright and e-learning London, Facet Publishing B Secker, J. (2010) Copyright and e-learning London, Facet Publishing C Secker, J. (2010) Copyright and e-learning London, Facet

Publishing D Secker, J. (2010) Copyright and e-learning London, Facet Publishing

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • MAGNETIC FORCES - Vula

    MAGNETIC FORCES - Vula

    Calculate the magnetic flux through a current loop. Use Lenz's law and Faraday's law to determine the direction and magnitude of induced emf's and currents. Explain the origin and speed of electromagnetic waves.
  • Module 43 Social Psychology: Social Thinking  How do

    Module 43 Social Psychology: Social Thinking How do

    Situational Attributions were more likely when seen from the actor's perspective. Module 43 & 44a * Looking back on our past selves, we are more likely to attribute past behaviors to dispositional factors (traits). Political perspective also effect attributions! Conservative...
  • Rich Text Formatting - IBM

    Rich Text Formatting - IBM

    What is rich text formatting? New widget available in Maximo Asset Management 7.5 and SmartCloud Control Desk 7.5. Flexible Fonts. Bold, Italics, Underline, etc. Character Sizes. Bullets. Colors and Highlighting. URL links. Supports copy/paste from Word, etc.
  • Current Topics in Illinois Public Pensions

    Current Topics in Illinois Public Pensions

    The Three-Legs of Retirement. For most workers, wages are replaced in retirement by the so-called "three legs" of the retirement stool: Pension, Social Security and personal savings.For many public employees, the main element of personal savings is a deferred compensation...
  • DNA and Protein Synthesis - HONORS BIOLOGY

    DNA and Protein Synthesis - HONORS BIOLOGY

    DNA and Protein Synthesis. Test Review. DNA Videos Crash Course - DNA and Replication. Crash Course - Protein Synthesis. Bozeman Science. DNA Basics. What is the base unit of DNA? What three parts make up the base unit of DNA?...
  • Chapter 8

    Chapter 8

    The ELSE clause is optional; ELSE is a synonym for true. Each predicate-expression pair is a parameter - Semantics: The value of the evaluation of COND is the value of the expression associated with the first predicate expression that is...
  • Class 4 Slides

    Class 4 Slides

    Unless otherwise noted, the content of this course material is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3./.
  • Welcome to Year 4 Year 4 Team  Mrs

    Welcome to Year 4 Year 4 Team Mrs

    Vocabulary, Conjunctions, Openers and Punctuation (VCOP) Applying phonic and spelling knowledge when writing. Expectations of presentation. Reading. Maths. ... Winter Games Kit. Plain tracksuit - no football. strip. Trainers. School Uniform.