Health Statistics on the Web

Health Statistics on the Web

Health Statistics on the Web Erin Seger, MPH, CHES National Network of Libraries of Medicine- Middle Atlantic Region February 28, 2019 NNLM https://nnlm.gov

Objectives Achieve a general understandin g of the types of data sets and statistics available on the Internet Identify

selected key websites for use in the location of data sets and statistics for use at the local, state, national, and international level

Understand the 4-step process used to successfully locate relevant health statistics for a particular circumstance or issue

Agenda Statistics Overview Data vs. Statistics Key Features of Health Statistics Uses of Health Statistics Steps to Finding Health Statistics Sources of Health Statistics

Portals National Local International Data vs. Statistics Data Raw numbers Counts of individual events or services

Collected at local, state, national, or international level Data set Data collected and arranged logically according to definite criteria Major unit of data storage and retrieval May/may not represent entire population Statistic s

Data already analyzed and summarized Information presented as text, figures, graphs, or maps Most data on websites is compiled statistics Key Features of Health Statistics Numerical data that characterize the health of a population and the influences that affect its health1

Population based Measure a wide range of health indicators with varying sources of data Often collected and analyzed over a period of time Point to remember: statistics are collected to

meet the needs of the collector Friedman, D., Hunter, E., Parrish, R. (2005).Health Statistics: shaping policy and practice to improve the populations health. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 1 Uses of Health Statistics Provide information about the health of a population and what influences it Help an individual place themselves in context of their community

Gauge health disparities Understand disease occurrence Guide policy development Guide public health program development and evaluation Support funding Show if a program is improving health Help a developer know the best topic for a program or policy

Source: Friedman, D., Hunter, E., Parrish, R. (2005).Health Statistics: shaping policy and practice to improve the populations health. New York, NY: Oxford University Steps to Finding Health Statistics 1. Formulate the question 2. Choose the best resource for the question 3. Evaluate the results 4. Repeat as often as

necessary Statisti cs Portals PHPartners Partners in Information Access for the Public Health Workforce

Collaboration of U.S. government agencies, public health organizations, and health sciences libraries Focus is to encourage collaboration and organize health information resources for use by public health professionals Includes topic pages on relevant public health

topics, including a data and statistics portal PHPartners Homepage (https://phpartners.org) National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) Has been part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention since 1987

Principal health statistics agency for the U.S. Provides information to support actions and policies relevant to health of the American people Brings together data from a number of sources using NCHS Homepage

(https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/) CDC State Snapshots From the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP) Find top health priorities for your state Link to state health department homepages Links to other statistics and health information sources

State Snapshots page(https://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease) State Snapshots State Snapshots map State Page on State Snapshots Dept. of Health

Pages State Reports Local Reports National Statistics Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)

Sponsored by the CDC and other federal agencies Worlds largest continuously conducted health survey 506,000 surveys completed in 2014 Collects self-reported data from those in all 50 states, D.C., Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin

Islands, American Samoa, and Palau on: Health behaviors Chronic conditions Use of preventive services BRFSS Homepage (https://www.cdc.gov/brfss) State Health Facts A project from the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

Provides data on the state level on over 800 health indicators, including: Demographics & the Economy Womens health Minority health Health reform Health Insurance Medicare & Medicaid Custom State Reports tool creates a report

with the region and indictors of interest State Health Facts Page (https://www.kff.org/statedata) Local Statistics U.S. Census Bureau The federal governments largest statistical agency Provides facts and figures about Americas people,

places and economy The American fact finder provides statistics from both the census and the American community by: State County City Town Zip code Census tract

Census Homepage (https://census.gov) More census information Class Recording County Health Rankings and Roadmaps Collaboration between the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation & the University of Wisconsin

Population Health Institute How influenced by where people live, work, learn and play Statistics at the county level on factors such as:

Quality of life Health behaviors Clinical care Social and Economic factors Physical environment Information about strategies to improve health in a community CHRR Facts Page (http://www.countyhealthrankings.org)

Moving from Data to Health Equity Action: County Health Rankings and Roadmaps Class Recording City Health Dashboard Created by the Department of Population Health & the School of Public Service at NYU in partnership with the National Resource Network

36 measures of health for the 500 largest cities in the USA Some data can be filtered to the census tract level Measures align with those used by CHRR Health Behaviors Social and Economic Factors Physical Environment Health Outcomes Clinical Care

City Health Dashboard Pag (https://www.cityhealthdashboard.com) Rural Data Explorer Resource from the Rural Health Information Hub, which is a national clearinghouse on rural health issues

View statistics for metro and nonmetro counties and see a countys metropolitan classification. The statistics are from publicly available federal resources and include information on: Demographics Health disparities Social determinants Access to services Tribal health

RHI homepage (https://www.ruralhealthinfo.org) Rural Data Explorer location Rural Data Explorerdata categories Rural Data Explorer- county

level International Statistics Global Health Observatory World Health Organizations portal of health statistics covering 194 member states Over 1000 health indicators that are organized to

show progress toward WHOs Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) SDGs include: Maternal and child health Communicable disease Substance abuse Violence Environment Health coverage Healthcare workforce

Global Health Observatory page (http://www.who.int/gho) GHO Themes Worldwide Tuberculosis statistics Other sources of information Funding Support

NNLM MAR Award Interest Form Questions? Erin Seger, MPH, CHES Health Professions Coordinator National Network of Libraries of Medicine- Middle Atlantic Region [email protected] Developed resources reported in this presentation are supported by the National Library of Medicine (NLM), National Institutes of Health (NIH) under cooperative

agreement number UG4LM012342 with the University of Pittsburgh, Health Sciences Library System. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not

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