Saturday 19 March 2011 SATEAL CONFERENCE Scaffolding language learning Identifying language functions and using key visuals Manny Vazquez Hounslow EAL Team Academic Vocabulary Compute not your immature gallinaceans prior to the puncture of their brittle epidermis. Cleave gamineous matter for fodder during the period in which the orb of the day is refulgent. Every substance which coruscates is not fashioned from aureate material. After 6-8 months Polish speaker Year 6 Q.Why do houses have to have a roof? Because when it raining you cannot..wet.
Q.Why do you wear football boots. Because when youre running on the grass you cannot flip over the edge. If you have these (pointed to studs in the picture) go little bit ground. Q.Can you describe how a hot air balloon works? Fire. When you pull the arm there is fire and the smoke go out and (gesture - pressed arm down) and then the air pull out the smoke and then air comes in. Aims To explore ways of developing thinking skills and language functions in our learners To look at how key visuals can help us do this Starting point: Know the Language Functions and their language patterns Naming Sequencing Describing
Sorting from known criteria Asking questions Comparing and contrasting Classifying Explaining Deducing Hypothesising Generalising Reasoning Problem solving Analysing Ranking Evaluating Science, History and Geography in the National Curriculum Find out about different plants and animals in the environment Identify light sources What objects that have survived tell us about Ancient Egypt
How a switch can be used to break a circuit Find out what happened in the Great Fire of London Follow a route on a map Recognise how places compare with other places Use knowledge of liquids to decide how a mixture might be separated and interdependent Cognitive language All language functions are expressed in language patterns or structures example 3. Identify the language functions in a task How to break a circuit explaining Find out about animals and plants in the local environment Describing, classifying What objects that have survived tell us about
Ancient Egypt Identifying/ describing/ deducing/ hypothesising The Knowledge Framework (Mohan 1986) Classification Principles Evaluation Description Sequence Choice The Knowledge Framework (Mohan 1986) Classification
Principles Evaluation Understand the rules for moves Evaluate moves according to strategies Description Sequence Choice Identify chess pieces Sequence moves
Classify chess pieces Choose appropriate moves 6 main ways of expressing language Ways of classifying Ways of reasoning Ways of expressing and justifying an opinion Ways of describing Ways of sequencing Ways of making decisions
Activity types Ways of classifying Ways of reasoning Ways of expressing and justifying an opinion Sorting activities Matching/ sequencing activities Ranking activities Ways of describing Ways of sequencing
Ways of making decisions Matching activities Sequencing activities Decision making activities 6 types of activity and their matching language functions Ways of classifying Ways of reasoning Ways of expressing and justifying an opinion Sorting activities
Matching/sequencing activities Ranking activities Classifying Generalising Explaining Predicting Deducing Hypothesising Generalising Ranking Evaluating Ways of describing Ways of sequencing Ways of making decisions
Matching activities Labelling Naming Identifying Describing Measuring Comparing/ contrasting Sequencing activities Decision making activities Sequencing Narrating Following a process Making decisions Solving problems Language patterns across a topic Ways of classifying
Ways of reasoning Different sources of Why floods occur? rivers Ways of expressing and justifying an opinion What is the most important use of a river? One source is a glacier Floods occur when which leads to. Ways of describing Ways of sequencing
Ways of making decisions Compare and contrast 2 rivers What happens in a flood? How would you save water? The source of the River is a . whereas the source of the River.is.. Firstnext. ..then I would save water by.. I think the most important
use of a river is..because.. What are key visuals? Visual organisers such as tables, charts, diagrams An aid to present information clearly Help pupils conceptual development Using key visuals 1.Completing a diagram 2.Classifying pictures and text 3.Listening to and sequencing a text 4.Using clues 5.Reading texts
Consumer/ prey Predator Mouse Cat EAL Planning Framework (Pauline Gibbons) Activity Visual support Sorting animals into plant/me at eaters
T chart Creating a food chain Flow diagram Language functions Language structures Classifying This is a.. Meat It eats..
Plants Picture of garden Vocabulary Leaves Cat Picture of garden Sequencing a process First Producer The ..eats..
Consumer The is eaten by.. Prey Literature Geography History Literature Describing Evaluating Expressing feelings The top/bottom of the hill the hillside.. The scenery.down by the river beautiful, rugged,rolling hills, isolated, bleak, grandeur
Geography Naming Locating Describing Cause and effect The peakthe slopethe valleythe riverbankrainfallerosion steep, contours,features caused byoccurs when History Naming Locating Describing Deducing Hypothesising Hilltopslopevalleyriverbank. hillfort..fortificationrampartvillagedwellings defencesafetyshelter
was probablycould have been most likely Examples of language functions in History, Geography and Science Naming/ identifying Thats the source of the river. Hes a chimney sweep. Describing Tutankhamuns funeral mask was made of gold with Classifying These are different kinds of Egyptian jewellery. Those are equipment for cooking. Limestone is a permeable rock. Thats made of glass. Sequencing First of all the Persians invaded Greece. Then The first thing that happens is that water flows over rock. The water then
Comparing and contrasting The climate in England is whereas in Saint Lucia it is Marble is harder rock than chalk Examples of language functions in History, Geography and Science Explaining Henry viii married six times because. Ranking/evaluating I think that rivers are important because they provide water for us. People in.find that the best use of water is for.. The most important man in Egyptian society was the Pharaoh. Cause and effect
Rivers affect the landscape by. A cool box is a thermal insulator. As it can keep the heat out so the food inside the box stays cool Deducing I think that hes a Roman soldier because hes carrying. Hypothesising They found lots of . in the Mary Rose. That tells us that Tudor sailors probably used to. In Egyptian times the Pharaoh would have. We know this because. Key Visuals Used for: Organising thinking around texts, pictures etc.
Enhancing pupil discussion about texts, pictures, videos, artefacts etc. Reporting back Language of History Interpreting and explaining when/ how Past tense : passive forms Modal verbs: might have, would have Abstract nouns Punishment, the poor Specialist vocabulary for History Henry viii ruled.reigned. Idiomatic language Sat on the throne Draw it What do you think its made of?
What colour is it? Is it plain or decorated ? What do you think its for? Who do you think would have used it, rich or poor? What is this? I think it is a ,,,,,,because. It could also be since it. pointed
heart-shaped metallic scalloped edges As it is at the bottom it might be Reasoning and deducing WHAT ARE THEY TALKING ABOUT? TEXT 1 (verbal discussion context bound) try this one..no it doesnt go..it doesnt move.try that..yes..it does a bit.that wont work..its not metal..these are the best..its making them go really fast TEXT 4 A magnet is a piece of metal which is surrounded by an invisible field of force within it. It is able to pick up a piece of steel or iron because its magnetic field flows into the metal, turning it into a temporary magnet.
Reporting back a strategy for language development 3. Our experiment was to find out what a magnet attracted. We discovered that a magnet attracts some kinds of metal. It attracted the iron filings, but not the pin. It also did not attract things that were not metal. 4. A magnet is a piece of metal which is surrounded by an invisible field of force within it. It is able to pick up a piece of steel or iron because its magnetic field flows into the metal, turning it into a temporary magnet. 1. try this one..no it doesnt
go..it doesnt move.try that..yes..it does a bit.that wont work..its not metal..these are the best..its making them go really fast 2. 2. We tried a pin, a pencil sharpener, some iron filings and a piece of plastic. The magnet didnt attract the pin, but it did attract the pencil sharpener and the iron filings. It didnt attract the plastic. Opportunities to report back (assessment for learning) Science: magnets
The magnet did The magnet attract this didnt attract this pin pencil sharpener iron filings plastic Reporting Back 1. Highly contextualised talk using a key visual shared experience) (from a 2. Using the completed key visual as a means of reporting back to the class (not a shared experience) 1. try this one..no it doesnt go..it doesnt move.try that..yes..it does a bit.that wont work..its not metal..these are the best..its making them go really fast 2.
We tried a pin, a pencil sharpener, some iron filings and a piece of plastic. The magnet didnt attract the pin, but it did attract the pencil sharpener and the iron filings. It didnt attract the plastic. Key Visuals for reading Scanning texts Extracting Recalling Reading and recording information information more easily
and understanding textual organisation Trying some texts Activity Which key visuals would / could you use with these texts? Key Visuals to generate writing For writing notes Sentence level and text level writing a form of writing frame Tables for sentence and paragraph construction Matrices and tick charts for writing descriptions Sequence charts for writing stories, about processes Explanation(cause and effect charts) for writing explanations at sentence or paragraph level Ranking charts for ranking and evaluating Write explanations
Existing Cause Effect condition A camel is perfect for the desert Another reason has large spreading toes can close nostrils because as can walk on
soft sand sand doesnt go up them so therefore this means Explanations Why/ How? (Causal explanation) Existing condition Cause Effect How an animal can live in its habitat because as
which leads to which means that therefore.. Why a thermos flask is good for keeping drinks hot which helps it to Why people like/ dislike a character in a story Why the Romans invaded Britain which lead to which meant that Why rivers get polluted
as a result KEY VISUALS Explanatory Evaluative Generative PLENARY Try out some Key Visuals to help mediate and develop language in your next lessons Key Visuals CD Questions
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