How to… APA - Central Dauphin School District

HOW TO APA 12 CP ENGLISH OVERVIEW 1 inch margins Size 12 Times New Roman font Double Spaced

Include a page header (also known as the "running head") at the top of every page. To create a page header/running head, insert page numbers flush right. Then type "TITLE OF YOUR PAPER" in the header flush left using all capital letters. The running head is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation. Your essay should include four major

sections: References References Main Main Body Body Abstract Abstract Title Title page page

TITLE PAGE The title page should contain: 1. the title of the paper Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page. (Your title may take up one or two lines.) 2. the author's name Beneath the title, type the author's name: first name, middle initial(s), and last name.

3. and the institutional affiliation. Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliation, which should indicate the location where the author(s) conducted the research. Running head + Abbreviated title + page # Full title Your Full Name (include middle initial)

Central Dauphin East High School TITLE PAGE CONTINUED *Please note that on the title page, your page header/running head should look like this: Running head: TITLE OF YOUR PAPER *Pages after the title page should have a running head that looks like this: TITLE OF YOUR PAPER ABSTRACT

Begin a new page. Your abstract page should already include the page header (described above). On the first line of the abstract page, center the word Abstract (no bold, formatting, italics, underlining, or

quotation marks). ABSTRACT CONTINUED Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. (Do not indent.) Your abstract should contain: Summarize your papers most important points Reflect accurately the purpose and content of your paper

Be coherent so that it is easy to read Remain objective in its point of view Your abstract should be a single paragraph double-spaced. Your abstract should be between 150 and 250 words. ABSTRACT To get started on an abstract you need to ask yourself some questions.

Reasons for doing the study What you did in your study Findings on your study What the findings summarize on the topic Remember that the abstract should be kept short 100 words to 200 words. You do not want to give the reader all details; they must stop at the second page. It should be a summary of the main information. You should not to refer to the paper when making points. The abstract should be left to

stand on its own since its a read of its own before the paper. ie. In this paper State the findings but do not go into further details. Just give a report which will give the reader the urge to find out more from the main paper. Use a neutral term for the abstract likely a third party. Passive statements work better in an abstract that is, the research indicates MAIN BODY Number the first text page as page number 3 Type and center the title of the paper at the top of the page

Type the text double-spaced with all sections following each other without a break Identify the sources you use in the paper in parenthetical, in-text citations REFERENCES Center the title (References) at the top of the page. Do not bold it.

Double-space reference entries Flush left the first line of the entry and indent subsequent lines Order entries alphabetically by the surname of the first author References: Basics Invert authors names (last name first followed by

initials) EX:Smith, J.Q. Capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns. Do not capitalize the first letter of the second word in a hyphenated compound word. EX: The perfectly formatted paper: How the Purdue OWL saved my essay. References: Basics

Capitalize all major words in journal titles Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections

Making the Reference List APA is a complex system of citation. When compiling the reference list, the strategy below might be useful: 1. Identify the type of source: Is it a book? A journal article? A webpage? 2. Find a sample citation for this type of source Check a textbook or the OWL APA Guide: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ 3. Mirror the sample 4. Make sure that the entries are listed in alphabetical order and that the subsequent lines are indented (Recall

References: Basics) In-text Citation: Basics In-text citations help readers locate the cited source in the References section of the paper. Whenever you use a source, provide in parenthesis: the authors name and the date of publication for quotations and close paraphrases, provide the authors name, date of publication, and a page number

In-Text Citation: Quotations When quoting: Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase Include the authors name, year of publication, and page number Keep the citation briefdo not repeat the information In-Text Citation: Summary or Paraphrase

Provide the authors last name and the year of publication in parenthesis after a summary or a paraphrase. In-Text Citation: Summary or Paraphrase Include the authors name in the signal phrase, followed by the year of publication in parenthesis. In-Text Citation: Summary or Paraphrase

When including the quotation in a summary/paraphrase, also provide a page number in parenthesis after the quotation: In-Text Citation: Signal Words Introduce quotations with signal phrases, e.g.: According to Xavier (2008), . (p. 3). Xavier (2008) argued that (p. 3). Use such signal verbs such as:

acknowledged, contended, maintained, responded, reported, argued, concluded, etc. Use the past tense or the present perfect tense of verbs in signal phrases when they discuss past events. In-Text Citation: Two or More Works When the parenthetical citation includes two or more works, order them in the same way they appear in the reference listthe authors name, the year of publication separated by a semi-colon.

In-Text Citation: Works with Two Authors When citing a work with two authors, use In the signal phrase, use and in between the authors names In parenthesis, use & between names In-Text Citation: Unknown Author

When citing a work of unknown author: use the sources full title in the signal phrase cite the first word of the title followed by the year of publication in parenthesis. According to Indiana Joins Federal Accountability System (2008) OR (Indiana, 2008) Titles: Articles and Chapters = Books and Reports = italicize

In-Text Citation: Organization When citing an organization: mention the organization the first time you cite the source in the signal phrase or the parenthetical citation. If the organization has a well-known abbreviation, include the abbreviation in brackets the first time the source is cited and then use only the abbreviation in later citations.

In-Text Citation: Electronic Sources When citing an electronic document, whenever possible, cite it in the author-date style. If electronic source lacks page numbers, locate and identify paragraph number/paragraph heading.

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