Hydrocarbon Derivatives

Hydrocarbon Derivatives

Hydrocarbon Derivatives Amines, Amides, & Amino Acids Amines Contain a N General Format: RNH2 -NH2 = amino group (Remember, N has a bonding capacity of 3.) Since molecules can contain H bonded to N, hydrogen bonding occurs, but it is weaker than hydrogen bonding in alcohols and carboxylic acids.

Amines smell really, really bad. Table R R Shows format RNR This is a 3 amine. H 1 amines: RNH

H 2 amines: RNR Naming Amines

Find name of base hydrocarbon. Drop final e. Add -amine. If necessary, use a # in front of name to give location of amino group. H H H HCCNH

H H H H H H HCCCNH H H H

Ethanamine 1-propanamine < H H

H N H HCCCH H H H CH2CH2CH2 NH2

NH2 2-propanamine 1,3-propanediamine NH2 NH2 CHCH2CH2CH

NH2 NH2 1,1,4,4-butanetetraamine Examples of amines

PABA Caffeine Novacain B-vitamins Preparation of dyes Amides Contain a carbonyl group, >C=O, & an amino group, NH2 group. The amino group is bonded to the C of the carbonyl group.

Links amino acids together. Table R = O R General Format: RCNH2 or RCNH = O

Its like taking a carboxylic acid, RCOOH, and replacing the -OH with NH2. RCO-NH2. In this case, no # is needed in name. Amide group is at end of molecule. Naming Amides Find the name of the alkane with the same # of Cs, drop the final e, & replace it with amide. =

H O HCCNH 2 H Ethanamide =

O CH3CH2CNH2 Propanamide Properties of Amides Have strong hydrogen bonding, so high boiling points. Simple amides are solids at room temp. Smaller amides are very soluble in water. Amino Acids

Have to recognize them. Contain a carboxyl group (-COOH). Contain an amine group (-NH2). Amino group is on the C next to the carboxyl group. Dont have to name them.

NH2 O = CH3CC OH =

NH2 O CH2C OH Amino Acids alanine glycine

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Drugs may affect neural transmission in many different

    Drugs may affect neural transmission in many different

    Times New Roman Arial Default Design Drugs may affect neural transmission in many different ways Agonism and Antagonism PowerPoint Presentation Drug use, Drug abuse and DRUG TAKING BEHAVIOR Drug Abuse Physical Dependence Psychological dependence What factors are involved in the...
  • Vocabulary # 9 1. expound: 1. to set

    Vocabulary # 9 1. expound: 1. to set

    8. audacity: noun, plural -ties. 1. boldness or daring, especially with confident or arrogant disregard for personal safety, conventional thought.The three youths walked in the river dangerous close to the falls and had the audacity to try and ride the...
  • NMCPHC_PPT_GENERAL_TEMPLATE

    NMCPHC_PPT_GENERAL_TEMPLATE

    Other Report Types. Equipment Reports. Reports to query IH equipment information. Sampling. Reports to query sampling data including; personal air, personal noise dosimetry, sound pressure levels, etc.… Shop-SEG Reports. Reports to query shops by priority and show shop, SEG, and...
  • Case Case Design/Remodeli Design/Remodeli ng, ng,Inc.: Inc.: The

    Case Case Design/Remodeli Design/Remodeli ng, ng,Inc.: Inc.: The

    An environment where we need to hold people accountable is management by, fear, intimidation, and retribution. This is a place where people work just to get a paycheck, a place where control is King, a place where finger pointing, tension,...
  • What is GPS

    What is GPS

    For the purposes of this tutorial, it is assumed that the GPS data was collected using one of our Garmin handhelds, which are compatible with the DNR Garmin Utility. DNR Garmin Extension for ArcView This extension was built to provide...
  • Advanced Data Structures

    Advanced Data Structures

    Removing the Minimum Value From the Heap. Extract the root node value. Move the values of the last node of the heap into the root node. Remove the last node. At this point the heap property may be violate for...
  • Welcome to the IMC Club Meeting Safety and

    Welcome to the IMC Club Meeting Safety and

    The approach light system, except that you may not descend below 100 feet above the touchdown zone elevation using the approach lights as a reference unless the red terminating bars or the red side row bars are also distinctly visible...
  • Bangladesh Climate-Resilient Ecosystem Curriculum (BACUM) Module 3: Forest

    Bangladesh Climate-Resilient Ecosystem Curriculum (BACUM) Module 3: Forest

    ), measured as the mole fraction in dry air, on Mauna Loa constitute the longest record of direct measurements of CO 2 in the atmosphere. They were started by C. David Keeling of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in March...