Indiana's Domestic Action Plan

Indiana's Domestic Action Plan

Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement Domestic Action Plan for the Western Lake Erie Basin Public Meeting Agenda Welcome Meeting purpose Introduction of Advisory Committee members and contributors DAP presentation Questions and answer session/dialogue Wrap-up Indianas GLWQA Domestic Action

Plan Marylou Renshaw on Behalf of the DAP Advisory Committee Location, Indiana Date, 2017 Indianas Domestic Action Plan (DAP) Background Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement Annex 4, Binational Subcommittee Commitments DAP elements

Background 1972 Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA) GLWQA between the U.S. and Canada to protect, restore, and enhance water quality of the Great Lakes and to prevent further pollution and degradation Amended 1978, 1983, 1987 and 2012 ANNEXES 1. Areas of Concern 6. Aquatic Invasive Species 2. Lakewide Management 7. Habitats and Species 3. Chemicals of Mutual

8. Groundwater Concern 9. Climate Change Impacts 10.Science 4.Nutrients 5. Vessel Discharges Background Annex 4, Nutrients Binational Subcommittee Charged with coordinating binational actions to manage phosphorous (P) concentrations and loadings in the Waters of the Great Lakes.

Start with Lake Erie and apply the lessons learned through DAP development process to the other Great Lakes. Indiana has been an active member since its establishment in 2013. Background ANNEX 4 COMMITMENTS February 2016: establish binational P objectives, loading targets and allocations for the nearshore and offshore waters. Assess regulatory and voluntary measures to reduce P. February 2018: develop a binational P reduction

strategy and DAPs to meet P objectives and loading targets for Lake Erie. Background DAP ELEMENTS Identify implementation targets toward meeting Lake Erie Ecosystem objectives. Provide focus for allocation of resources. Identify actions and potential policy/program needs. Outline measures/methods to track progress Indianas Domestic Action Plan (DAP)

DAP Advisory Committee and development process WLEB focus and goal Indianas portion of the WLEB- land use and P sources Watershed prioritization Guiding Principles Major actions Action/Milestone Table Tracking progress Future endeavors and resource/research gaps Outreach and stakeholder engagement DAP Advisory Committee CONFIRMED MEMBERS

PARTICIPATING as TIME ALLOWS Allen County SWCD Adams Co. SWCD City of Auburn MS4 Allen County MS4 City of Fort Wayne Utilities

City of Fort Wayne (other divisions) DeKalb Co. SWCD Hoosier Environmental Council IDEM NRCS (Steuben Co.) IDNR LARE Program Producers

Indiana Farm Bureau Steuben Co. SWCD Indiana Pork Producers, Producer The Andersons Inc. (agribusiness) IPFW, St. Joseph Watershed Alliance, TriState Watershed Alliance ISDA NRCS Purdue University

Sierra Club The Nature Conservancy USDA Agricultural Research Service USGS DAP Development Process Decision-making: strive for consensus, all voices are equal, majority rules with dissenting opinions or positions noted. A dynamic document that builds on existing strategies, plans, research and work underway by all sectors in the WLEB. Data driven but not deterred or deferred by the

inconclusive or unknown. DAP Development Process Evaluation criteria for proposed approaches Effect the most change with least cost. Prioritize resources to areas with the most P export and reduction potential. Seek to engage citizens who are unengaged or not participating in conservation efforts. Employ social indicators. DAP Goal Meet the binational phosphorus target loads for the

Maumee River as it flows across our border into Ohio. Focus on meeting the spring-time flow weighted mean concentration of 0.23 mg/L for total phosphorous (TP) and 0.05mg/L for dissolved reactive phosphorous (DRP). The reduction planned for the Maumee River will address Indianas obligation for phosphorous load reductions entering the WLEB and for the Central Basin. Indianas Portion of the WLEB 821,300 acres within 6 counties Steuben, DeKalb, Allen, Noble, Adams, Wells

4 watersheds drain roughly 12% of the WLEB St. Joseph, Maumee, Auglaize, St. Marys Maumee River Confluence of the St. Joseph River and the St. Marys River near Fort Wayne Flows 29 miles eastward into and through Ohio for 108 miles to its mouth at Maumee Bay in Lake Erie near Toledo Indiana Land Use in the WLEB Landuse

Agriculture Total in Acres Percentage of Total 436,100.05 53.10% Hay/Pasture Land 141,174.25

17.20% Developed Land 123,604.83 15.00% Forested Land 76,910.81 9.40%

Wetlands 22,168.99 2.70% Scrub/Shrub Land 11,743.78 1.40%

9,594.56 1.20% 821,297.26 100.00% Open Water Total Phosphorus Sources Point sources account for approximately 15-20%

Four major municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) TP effluent limit of 1 mg/L Average discharge concentration below the 1mg/L limit Seven combined sewer overflow communities, each with an approved long-term control plan (LTCP) or consent decree Thirteen designated municipal separate storm sewer system (MS4s) with approved storm water management plans (SWMPs) Phosphorus Sources Non-point sources account for approximately 80-85%

Modified hydrology Land disturbing activities Septic system failures (also behave as point source) Agriculture Row crops predominated by corn and soybean rotation 78 Confined feeding operations (CFOs) 300 cattle 600 swine or sheep

30,000 fowl 500 horses defined as 36,000 acres are used for application of manure Watershed Prioritization First Cut 12 IDEM fixed stations sampled monthly Time period 2008-2015 10/12 sampling sites colocated with USGS stream flow gages or within 10% drainage area

St. Marys at Decatur, drainage area ratio 89% Watershed Prioritization at 12digit HUC Important for targeting the allocation of resources Ambient water quality changes occur more quickly at a smaller watershed scale in response to targeted land-based conservation or best management practices (BMPs) Prioritization process Further analysis of water quality monitoring data from:

Allen County Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD) City of Ft. Wayne St. Joseph Watershed Alliance & Tri-State Watershed Alliance USGS Use P export potential spreadsheet (Natural Resource Conservation Service) Critical areas from approved watershed management plans Watershed Management Plans (WMPs) and Total

Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) Reports All sub-watersheds except the Auglaize have a watershed management plan. Most also have a TMDL. The St. Joseph tri-state TMDL is being finalized. Guiding Principles for Achieving Water Quality Improvements

Emphasis is on existing regulatory instruments and implementing voluntary BMPs. Opportunities exist to reduce nutrient inputs from both urban and rural landscapes, including both point and non-point sources. Guiding Principles: Point Sources WWTPs will employ optimization techniques. CSO communities will implement long-term control plans. Stormwater Management MS4 communities will implement their storm water management plans and track progress.

Construction site sediment runoff controls will be implemented according to their Notice of Intent (NOI) with stabilization covers that minimizes nutrient inputs. Industrial site runoff controls will be implemented according to the NOI. Septic system installation, operation, maintenance and repair will follow the site specific design regulations. Guiding Principles: Non-point Sources The overall goals are to enhance nutrient management, promote soil health practices, and restore more natural hydrology and ecological functions Urban landscapes: create a green infrastructure (GI) paradigm Promote infiltration, retention, detention, slow release. Support installation of larger, regional or multipurpose GI practices.

Ensure maintenance of GI practices is included in cost estimates and budgets. Provide support to install rain gardens, green roofs, rain barrels, and porous pavement in industrial, commercial and residential settings. Guiding Principles: Non-point Sources Rural landscapes: Restore stream sinuosity and riparian buffers. Restore and reconnect riparian wetlands and floodplains. Install drainage water management BMPs and saturated buffers on working lands. Install 2-stage ditches where feasible on both regulated and nonregulated drains.

Extension of 2-Stage Ditch, DeKalb County Guiding Principles: Non-point Sources Agricultural landscapes Emphasize soil health to reduce erosion, minimize nutrient inputs, moderate the effects of flood and drought and to reduce nutrient and sediment loading to streams

Minimize disturbance through no till or conservation tillage practices Maximize soil cover Keep living roots growing as long as possible Grow a variety of plants Promote nutrient management to optimize nutrient uptake by crops through the 4 Rs Right Source

Right Rate Right Time Right Place Major Actions: Regulatory 2012 CFO revised rule Design, construction and capacity requirements Operation and maintenance requirements Land application requirements with setbacks, application at agronomic rates, and avoidance of weather conditions that lead to manure runoff Soil P testing and limits

2016 re-adoption of the Certification for Distributors and Users of Fertilizer rule to ensure that fertilizer materials are applied, handled, and transported effectively All CSO communities have an approved LTCP or other enforceable mechanism (2015) Major Actions: Non-regulatory State Nutrient Reduction Strategy revised in 2016 Expansion of INField Advantage Agriculture Commodities Group outreach campaign Anderson, Inc. became 4 R certified in 2016 Green Project Reserve through State Revolving Fund Loan Program Fort Wayne, Berne and Auburn Watershed plans at regional and sub-watershed scales

Major Actions: Non-regulatory Established monitoring priorities and protocol Maumee River at Antwerp, OH Add a super gage at this site for long-term monitoring and comparison St. Marys at the IN/OH border St. Marys before its confluence with the St. Joseph St. Joseph at the IN/OH border Secured lab support for DRP analysis MILESTONE and ACTION TABLE

Tracking Progress Ambient water quality monitoring data Edge-of-field monitoring data Tillage and transect data BMP load reduction model annual report Discharge monitoring reports MS4 site visits and annual reports LTCP reporting Cost share program project milestones and updates Adaptive Management Future Endeavors &

Resource/Research Gaps Use Erie Stats and assess its utility for guiding Indianas actions. Participate in the P Trading pilot project for the WLEB. Map wetland and floodplain restoration opportunities. Develop a response process to examine reports of manure runoff. Support rigorous enforcement of environmental regulations. Seek establishment of a federal/binational funding source for a longterm Lake Erie monitoring network. Support/conduct research on water drainage management. Install more auto-samplers at the 12-digit HUC scale. Outreach and Stakeholder Engagement

Diverse stakeholder representation on DAP advisory committee Presentations to stakeholder groups DAP web page on ISDA WLEB website Public notice posted for public comment August 14th-October 13th Survey Monkey Public engagement sessions during August and September Revise and refine DAP after the public comment period ends Include public comments in an appendix Final DAP by February 2018 DAP web-based in 2018 with story maps

Success in the WLEB Watershed nutrient pollution is a complex, multi-faceted problem caused by point and nonpoint sources across all sectors of our community with the solutions being likewise. It affects those who live, work, and recreate in the watershed as well as the ecosystem and economics of the region. Hoosiers are making a positive difference. Will you be part of the solution? Lets Talk! Estimated TP Loads and Reductions Per Acre Needed

The USGS Load Estimator (LOADEST) model, both the Purdue Interface and USGS Desktop Application, were used to estimate annual loads and load reductions needed based on a 0.23 mg/L Total Phosphorus FWMC.

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