Infection Prevention and Control - Mccc

SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE BASE ENTRY AND MULTIPLICATION OF ORGANISM RESULTS IN DISEASE COLONIZATION OCCURS WHEN A MICROORGANISM INVADES THE HOST BUT DOES NOT CAUSE INFECTION (INJURY TO CELLS) PATIENT SAFETY ISSUE CHAIN OF INFECTION

Infectious agent or pathogen Reservoir Portal of exit Mode of transmission Portal of entry Susceptible host Infectious Agent/Pathogen

Microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa Normal flora Colonization Virulence Susceptibility Review Potter & Perry Table 34-1 (pg. 643) Common Pathogens

Reservior Animate sources (humans, animals, insects) Inanimate sources (soil, water, food, medical equipment) Pathogens need a proper environment to survive (food, oxygen, water, temperature, pH, light) Carriers

Toxins: (Exotoxins, endotoxins) Portal of Exit/Entry Skin and Mucous Membranes Respiratory Tract Urinary Tract Gastrointestinal tract Reproductive Tract Blood

Modes of Transmission Contact (Direct & Indirect) Droplet Airborne Vehicles Vectors Susceptible Host

Susceptibility (Resistance to infection) Factors which influence susceptible: Age Nutritional status Chronic disease history Trauma Smoking The Infectious Process

Incubation Period Prodromal Stage Illness Stage Convalescence Pathogenicity of organism Localized vs. systemic DEFENSES AGAINST INFECTION

Normal flora Body System Defenses (P&P Pg.647) Inflammation VASCULAR AND CELLULAR RESPONSE EDEMA PHAGOCYTOSIS LEUKOCYTOSIS INFLAMMATORY EXUDATE SEROUS SANGUINOUS PURULENT

SPECIFIC DEFENSES AGAINST INFECTION CELL- MEDIATED IMMUNITY ANTIBODY-MEDIATED IMMUNITY HEALTH CARE ASSOCIATED INFECTION (NOSOCOMIAL) Infections that are a result of health care delivery, not present at admission

EXOGENOUS ENDOGENOUS IATROGENIC Refer to Potter & Perry Table 34-2 Pg. 648 (Sites for Causes of HAIs) Common Health-Care Associated Infections Urinary Tract Infection Surgical/Traumatic Wound Infection

Respiratory Tract Bloodstream The Nursing Process & Infection Control (Assessment)

Status of defense mechanisms Client Susceptibility Nutritional Status Stress Disease Process Medical Therapy Clinical Appearance Lab Data Lab Data

WBC Count Sedimentation Rate Cultures of sputum, urine, blood Differential Count Assessing Risk for

Infection Age Disease Processes Lifestyle Occupation Diagnostic Procedures Medications

Travel History Nutritional Status NURSING DIAGNOSIS AND PLANNING NANDA APPROVED DIAGNOSIS GOALS AND OUTCOMES MEASURABLE REALISTIC

PRIORITIES Acute Care Interventions MEDICAL AND SURGICAL ASEPSIS CONTROL/ELIMINATION OF INFECTIOUS AGENTS CONTROL/ELIMINATION OF: MODES OF TRANSMISSION PORTALS OF ENTRY RESERVOIRS

HAND HYGIENE (HCP, PATIENT, FAMILY) INTERVENTIONS ISOLATION PRECAUTIONS HYPERTHERMIA INTERVENTION ELIMINATE UNDERLYING CAUSE FEVER MANAGEMENT

HEALTH TEACHING ANTIBIOTIC THERAPY PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT HEALTH CARE RESOURCES Isolation Precautions CDC and OSHA Guidelines 1. Contact

2. Droplet 3. Airborne Drug Resistant Organism Infections & Colonizations Methicillin-Resistant Staphylocuccus

aureus (MRSA) Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus (VRE) Extended-Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) Multi-drug Resistant Tuberculosis Personal Protective Equipment

Gowns Respiratory Masks Eye Protection Gloves Specimen Collection Bagging Trash & Linen Transporting Patients EVALUATION MEASURE SUCCESS OF INFECTION

CONTROL TECHNIQUES COMPARE PATIENTS RESPONSE TO ACTUAL OUTCOME WHAT WILL YOU DO IF GOAL/OUTCOMES NOT ACHIEVED?

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • U1 A Design Process - Kenwood Academy

    U1 A Design Process - Kenwood Academy

    Design Process used in IED. Define the Problem. Generate Concepts. Develop a Solution. Construct and Test a Prototype. Evaluate the Solution. Present the Solution. This design process was developed based on the University . of Maryland - College Park -...
  • Understanding Heat Transfer, Conduction, Convection and Radiation

    Understanding Heat Transfer, Conduction, Convection and Radiation

    Understanding Heat Transfer, Conduction, Convection and Radiation Radiation All objects radiate energy and heat, even your own body. However, the radiation coming from hotter objects is more intense than that coming from cooler objects.
  • Major Religions of the World in 1500 CE

    Major Religions of the World in 1500 CE

    The 5 major religions of the world. The Students will understand: Respecting and understanding peoples' beliefs is crucial to respecting and understanding people. The Students will be able to: Identify the locations of the world's major religions. Identify the major...
  • THE IMPERFECT TENSE - Classical Resource Centre

    THE IMPERFECT TENSE - Classical Resource Centre

    Imperfect of ire ibam ibas ibat ibamus ibatis ibant Imperfect of exire exibam exibas exibat exibamus exibatis exibant Gaul was added to the Roman Empire by Julius Caesar FINIS THE IMPERFECT TENSE The Imperfect Tense: Expresses action that took place...
  • Vocab Level F - Typepad

    Vocab Level F - Typepad

    Vocab Level F. Unit 5. amnesty (n.) a general pardon for an offense against a government. Any act of forgiveness or absolution. autonomy (n.) self-government, political control. Syn. - home rule. Ant. - dependence, subjection. axiomatic
  • International Integration and the European Union

    International Integration and the European Union

    International Integration and the European Union. April 30, 2013. Integration. ... It is difficult for some schools of IR (such as realism) to explain integration because the process entails states giving up power and sovereignty to transnational institutions. ... But...
  • Mexico City: Predicting the Next, Big Earthquake

    Mexico City: Predicting the Next, Big Earthquake

    a global scale, earthquake frequency follows a log-normal distribution with respect to magnitude. There should be 1 M 8.0-8.9; 10-20 M7.0 -7.9, 100-150 M6.0-6.9 earthquakes, and so on. Distribution: Log-scale
  • Slide 1

    Slide 1

    Savings. is sometimes used as a synonym for wealth (a term we will not use in this book). Your . financial wealth, or simply . wealth, is the value of all your financial assets minus all your financial liabilities. In...