TECHNICAL SESSIONS The Best Kept Secret in the World AGN WORLD CONGRESS 2011 Turkey
18-20 September Who are Turks ??? Turks have a long background dating back to the 3rd millennia BC, when they lived as nomads in the great Chinese steppes and on
the Mongolian highlands. Historical written references to the Turks appear in Chinese records of about 200 BC, when Turks liberated themselves from the Chinese autonomy and moved towards the west to establish their own
Empires and States mainly within the intersection of 3 continents; Asia, Europe and Africa. Before the foundation of Republic of Turkey, there were 16 Turkish States. The rulers of these States were called mainly Tarkan, Tanhu, Kagan (Kaan),
Han (Khan), Yangu, Bey, Shah, Sultan, and so on. Generally the eldest son was appointed as the crown prince. In case the crown princes were too young, their uncles were enthroned until they grew up. The capital city of the ruler was called "Ordu". AGN WORLD CONGRESS Istanbul, Turkey, 18 20 September 2011
TECHNICAL SESSIONS The 16 Great Turkish Empires The "GREAT HUN EMPIRE" - 204 B.C - 216 A.D The "KARAHAN" - 932 - 1212 A.D The "WESTERN HUN EMPIRE" - 48 - 216 A.D
The "GAZNELI EMPIRE" - 962 - 1183 A.D The "EUROPEAN HUN EMPIRE" - 275 - 454 A.D The "SELCUK EMPIRE" - 1040 - 1157 A.D The "WHITE HUN EMPIRE" - 420 - 552 A.D
The "HARZEMSHAH" - 1077 - 1231 A.D The "GOKTURK EMPIRE" - 552 - 743 A.D The "GOLDEN HORDE" - 1224 - 1502 A.D The "AVAR EMPIRE" - 562 - 796 A.D The "EMPIRE OF TIMUR KHAN" - 1369 - 1501 A.D
The "HAZAR EMPIRE" - 602 - 1016 A.D The "UYGUR EMPIRE" - 740 - 1335 A.D Accessing Global kNowledge The "EMPIRE OF BABUR" - 1526 - 1858 A.D The "OTTOMAN EMPIRE " - 1299 - 1922 A.D
Page 23 The Turkish Republic is the 17th and the last of the Turkish States. October 29, 1923 is a fateful date in Turkish history. On that date, Mustafa Kemal Pasha, the liberator of his country, proclaimed the
Republic of Turkey. The new homogeneous nation-state stood in sharp contrast to the multi-ethnic Ottoman Empire out of whose ashes it arose. The dynasty and theocratic Ottoman system, with its Sultanate and Caliphate, thus came to an end. Atatrk's Turkey dedicated itself to the sovereignty of the national will - to the
creation of, in the President's words, "the state of the people ". Today the term Turk commonly refers to citizens of the Turkish Republic and represents a nation rather than an ethnic identity. AGN WORLD CONGRESS Istanbul, Turkey, 18 20 September 2011 TECHNICAL SESSIONS
Istanbul Istanbul is the only city in the world located on two continents, Asia and Europe. Founded in 659 B.C., it was the capital of the
Eastern Roman (Byzantine) and Ottoman Empires since 330 A.D. Accessing Global kNowledge Page 25 The largest Neolithic human settlement with the longest history of
continuous habitation (since 7000 B.C.) was found in atalhyk, Turkey. Every year, at least 150 archaeological excavations are going on in Turkey. AGN WORLD CONGRESS Istanbul, Turkey, 18 20 September 2011 TECHNICAL SESSIONS Izmir, Ephesus
Two of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, The Temple of Artemis and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, are in Turkey.
Accessing Global kNowledge Page 27 AGN WORLD CONGRESS Istanbul, Turkey, 18 20 September 2011 TECHNICAL SESSIONS
anlurfa The prophet Abraham is thought to have been born in anlurfa, Southeastern Turkey.
Accessing Global kNowledge Page 28 Mimar Sinan, born in Kayseri and living in the sixteenth century, is considered to be one of the worlds greatest architects. He performed the magnificent works of art that he created during the period when he was arch-architect in the most powerful ages of Ottoman Empire.
Mimar Sinan-Selimiye Mosque Well-known historical figures such as King Midas of the golden touch, Herodotus, the father of history, St. Paul the Apostle, and Omar
Khayyam, the Persian poet came from Asia Minor, the part of Turkey now called Anatolia. Leonardo Da Vinci drew designs for a bridge over the Golden Horn. It was
never built. The first synagogue in Anatolia was built in 1324 with the permission of Sultan Orhan, as an encouragement to the Jewish community, which was suffering under Byzantine rule. Julius Caesar uttered his famous words, Veni, Vidi, Vici (I came, I saw, I
conquered) in 47 B.C. after defeating Pharnaces II, the ruler of Pontus, which was a northeastern province of Asia Minor on the southern coast of the Black Sea.
Olympus, which was one of the most significant costal cities of Ancient Lydia, known to be the location of first settlement in 168 B.C., has become one of the important tourist regions of Antalya with the cultural values she bears, excellent 3200 meter-coast, endemic information, Caretta Carettas, Chimera, Yanartas. Gaziantep At the time, with a population of over 80.000, Zeugma was one of
the largest cities in the world, bigger than Pompeii and Londinium (London) and as big as Athens. This ancient city, founded at Gaziantep, on the shallowest
part along the shores of the River Euphrates in 300 B.C., was conquered by the Romans in the 1st century B.C. and
renamed Zeugma. AGN WORLD CONGRESS Istanbul, Turkey, 18 20 September 2011 TECHNICAL SESSIONS Antalya, Demre St. Nicholas, who
became popular as Santa Claus, was born in Demre on Turkeys Mediterranean Coast. St. Paul, St. Nicholas, St. John and St. Peter all lived and prayed in
southern Anatolia. Accessing Global kNowledge Page 36 AGN WORLD CONGRESS Istanbul, Turkey, 18 20 September 2011 TECHNICAL SESSIONS
Seluk, Ephesus The last home of Virgin Mary is believed to be in Seluk; (Ephesus) Turkey. Accessing Global kNowledge
Page 37 Mark Antony gave Cleopatra part of Turkeys southwestern shore as a wedding gift. AGN WORLD CONGRESS Istanbul, Turkey, 18 20 September 2011
TECHNICAL SESSIONS Izmir Homer was born in Izmir on the west coast of Turkey. His famous epic, the Iliad, depicts the battles for the city of Troy, also located in Turkey.
Accessing Global kNowledge Page 39 Aesop, the famed teller of fables, was born in Anatolia.
Yunus Emre, with his verses that have been transferred through the generations, carved to the hymns and folksongs, used, occasionally, as a proverb by the Turkish for approximately 700 years,
is an important person who has had great contributions to the formation of Turkish culture and civilization. Unveiled at the Topkap Palace in 1929 and drawn by the renowned Turkish sailor Piri Reis (1457-1555), this map bewildered the world of science, since the Mountain ranges in Antarctica, the Northern and Southern coasts of the American Continents, even the mountain chains and their summits, only discovered in 1952 with
acoustical devices, were accurately located and shown on it. The famous Ottoman Sultan, known to the Europeans as Suleyman the Magnificent (the giver of law),
was a poet who wrote hundreds of poems praising love and condemning greed for worldly things.
Ankara Alexander the Great conquered a large part of what is now Turkey and cut the Gordion Knot in the Phrygian capital of Gordium, not far from
Turkeys present-day capital, Ankara. Early Christians escaping Roman persecution nearly 2000 years age sheltered in the caves of Cappadocia in central Anatolia. The ideas of Mevlana Celalettin
Rumi, the great philosopher and sufist of human history, which were transferred to his works of art, have carried Him very lively to our current life. He has been considered to be a pioneer of a mentality, reminding spiritual love,
passion, tolerance and aiming to present Islamic thought from this perspective. The city of Troy, the site of the ancient Trojan Wars, is located in western Turkey, where a replica of the famous Trojan Horse has become a favourite tourist attraction. AGN WORLD CONGRESS Istanbul, Turkey, 18 20 September 2011
TECHNICAL SESSIONS Antakya St. Pierres Church in Antioch (Antakya) is
thought to be the first Christian Church. Accessing Global kNowledge Page 48
The Nicean Creed was established in the 4th century AD by an Ecumenical Council held in what is now the Turkish town of znik. Over a hundred copies of Bible were agreed to be integrated into four Gospels as Matthew, Luke, Mark and John. Poetic city of Southeast Anatolia Region, reflecting the impression as if the
time had stopped with its present architectural, ethnographic, archeological, historic and visual merits. Mardin..
The city hosts mosques, mausoleums, churches, monasteries and similar religious creations parallel to the different religious beliefs all of which are representing both artistic and historic values. Mount Nemrut 2,134 m (7,001 ft) high mountain in southeastern Turkey, notable for its summit where a number of
large statues are erected around what is assumed to be a royal tomb from the 1st century BC. Ar According to legend, Noahs Ark landed on Mount Ararat in Eastern AKDAMAR ISLAND
Home to a tenth century Armenian Cathedral church, known as the Cathedral Church of the Holy Cross (915-921), and was the seat of the Armenian Catholics from 1116 to BLACK SEA REGION Winter Sports in Turkey.
The rich tradition of the Turkish cuisine is popular throughout the world. It includes a wide variety of hot and cold hors doeuvres known everywhere as meze, a wide selection of grilled meats (kebab) seafood, stuffed and wrapped vegetables (dolma), savory pastries (brek), pilav and dishes with olive oil and butter as well as a wide variety of desserts among them Turkish delight, baklava, helva, kadayif, and several puddings. A good meal naturally ends with fine Turkish Coffee. Yogurt, now popular in the West, has been known to the Turks since ancient times.
Turkish cooks are heirs to one of the worlds finest cuisines. The Turks brought a tradition of cooking with them out of Central Asia and discovered new foods and ways to prepare them in Asia Minor. In Turkish cuisine, as in so many other things Turkish, East meets West in a delightful way. Anatolia was producing wine as early as 4000 BC. Turkey provides 70% of the worlds hazelnuts. The nut in your chocolate bar was most likely grown in Turkey.
Turks gave Dutch their famous tulips. Turks introduced coffee to Europe. Since 1952, Turkey has been a member of NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization). Since negotiations that started in 2005, Turkey has
continued getting one step closer to membership with the European Union. With the rising trend of football, the locomotive of Turkish sports, which
Galatasaray Sports Club started by getting the UEFA and Super Cup in 2000, Turkish National Football Team came 3rd in 2002 Korea World Cup. On 23rd of April 1920,
the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) was founded in Ankara and after 1927, April 23 was dedicated to children by Mustafa Kemal Atatrk. Turkey is the first country to celebrate Children's Day as a
national holiday. Every year, on April 23, the country rededicates itself to honoring and cherishing children and the freedom and independence of all people. Women in Turkey were given the right to vote and be elected to public Office in 1934 by Mustafa Kemal Atatrk AGN WORLD CONGRESS Istanbul, Turkey, 18 20 September 2011
TECHNICAL SESSIONS Turkey is the only democratic, secular nation in the world with the majority of its population being of the Islamic faith.
Accessing Global kNowledge Page 68 Despite a long-lasting war between the two countries, the Greek Prime Minister Eleutherios Kryikos Venizelos, in a 3-page letter he wrote in 1934, proposed that Mustafa Kemal Ataturk be nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize that year. The Prime Minister expressed his admiration for this great man, asserting that he had paved the way for the proclamation of independence.
This place was believed to be the location where the legendary sailing ship Argos of the Argonauts, who were in search of the Golden Fleece, had anchored. Built in 1856 by the famous Ottoman architects Karabet and Nikogos Balyan, the palace accommodates 285 rooms, 46 banquet lounges, 6 hamams and toilets. Legend has it that Anatolia (Asia Minor) was
the location of the first beauty contest, judged by Paris with the goddesses Aphrodite, Hera, and Athena as leading participants. Tolerance to other religious beliefs was noteworthy of the Ottoman Turkish rule.
AGN WORLD CONGRESS Istanbul, Turkey, 18 20 September 2011 CENTRALLY LOCATED TECHNICAL SESSIONS A natural bridge between both East-West and North-South axes
Easy access to 1.5 billion customers in Europe, Eurasia, the Middle East and North Africa An important energy terminal and corridor in Europe connecting the East and West Accessing Global kNowledge Page 73
A population of 74 million people Istanbul is one of the largest cities in Europe with nearly 13 million people. Largest youth population compared with the EU Half the population under the age 29 Young, dynamic, well-educated and multi-cultural population
Over 25 million young, well-educated and motivated professionals Increasing labour productivity combined with decreasing real unit wage 4th largest labour force compared with the EU AGN WORLD CONGRESS Istanbul, Turkey, 18 20 September 2011
TECHNICAL SESSIONS SUCCESSFUL ECONOMY Booming economy (USD 230 billion to USD 736 billion of GDP from 2002 to 2010) Sustainable economic growth (4.8 percent annual average real GDP increase for the last 8 years) Promising economy with a bright future as it is expected to be the fastest growing economy among the OECD members during 20112017 with an annual average real GDP growth rate of 6.7 percent
16th largest economy in the world and 6th largest economy compared with the EU in 2010 Institutionalized economy fueled by over USD 94 billion of FDI in the last 8 years and ranked as the 15th most attractive FDI destination for 2008-2010 (UNCTAD) Accessing Global kNowledge Page 76
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