Inteligenta - WordPress.com

Inteligenta - WordPress.com

Termen predare proiect: 21 mai Listat: Str. Republicii 37 Inteligenta Incercari de definire

Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911) produs secundar al abilitatilor perceptive Incercari de definire Alfred Binet & Theodore Simon - primul

test de inteligenta: Scala Bient-Simon (1905) Capacitatea de gandire abstracta Varsta mintala

Incercari de definire 1921 panel de 14 experti americani: - capacitate de gandire abstracta

- adaptarea la situatii noi - dobandirea de cunostinte - invatarea din experienta Abilitate generala sau specifica?

Charles Spearman (1927) inteligenta generala (factorul g) factori specifici (s) Fluid vs. cristalizat

Raymond Cattel (1971) inteligenta fluida inteligenta cristalizata (coreleaza cu deschiderea spre experiente noi; intra in declin mai tarziu)

Inteligente multiple Howard Gardner (1999) Lingvistica Logico-matematica Spatiala Muzicala Kinestezica

Intrapersonala Interpersonala ecologica (naturalistic) Inteligente multiple Robert Sternberg (1983) Teoria triarhica 1. Subteoria componentiala:

Metacomponente Componente de performanta Componentele de achizitie 2. Subteoria experientiala

3. Subteoria contextuala Inteligente multiple Coeficientul de inteligenta

Wilhelm Stern (1912) coeficient de inteligenta (varsta mentala/varsta cronologica) X 100 IQ mediu = 100 Masurarea IQ

David Wechsler John Raven Scalele Wechsler adult si copil a. Verbal: cunostinte, intelegere,

aritmetica, similaritati, serii de cifre, vocabular, secvente de litere si numere b. Performanta: simbolizare cu cifre, completare de imagini, blocuri, aranjarea

imaginilor, rationament in matrice, asamblare de obiecte, cautare de simboluri Matricile Progresive Raven Efectul Flynn

Ereditate vs. mediu Heritabilitate: proportia variatiei fenotipice in populatie care poate fi atribuita variatiei genetice dintre indivizi

Minnesota Study of Twins: aproximativ 70% din varianta IQ este legata de factori genetici (Science, 1990) Metaanalize (Deary, 2001) aproximativ

50% din varianta legata de factori genetici; impact mai mare la varste inaintate Predictor al succesului? Lewis Terman Terman & Oden (1959): The gifted group at

midlife: thirty five years follow-up of the superior child Stabilitate in timp? IQ relativ stabil in timp

Ex. Deary et al. (2000) corelatie 0.73 intre IQ la 11 ani si IQ la 77 ani Ex. Bourne et al. (2011) nivelul de intelogenta din copilarie, predictor pentru declinul cognitiv de la varsta a

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