Introduction - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Introduction - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Introduction to Therapeutic Exercise Chapter 1 Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Definition: Therapeutic Exercise The systematic performance or

execution of planned physical movements, postures, or activities intended to enable the patient/client to: Continued on next slide . . . Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Definition: Therapeutic Exercise

(contd) Remediate or prevent impairments Enhance function Reduce risk Optimize overall health Enhance fitness and well-being Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Historical Perspective

Herodicus Kabat Galen Williams Ling

Hislop & Perrine Frenkel Maitland Codman

Mennell Kalternborn Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins The Guide to Physical Therapist Practice Intervention: the purposeful and skilled interaction of the physical therapist with the patient/client

Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Intervention Includes three components: Coordination, communication, and documentation Patient/clientrelated instruction Procedural interventions

Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Procedural Interventions Therapeutic exercise Functional training: Home Work, community, leisure

Manual therapy Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Procedural Interventions Assistive devices and equipment Airway clearance Integumentary repair Electrotherapeutic modalities Physical agents and mechanical

modalities Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Injury Classification Macro trauma Micro trauma Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Phases of Healing Phase I: inflammatory response Phase II: repair sequence Phase III: remodeling phase Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Joint Capsule Joint stability

Pain receptors Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Ligaments Connectors Stabilizers Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Tendons Musculotendinous junction Dynamic stability and function Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Cartilage Three types:

Hyaline Fibrocartilage Elastic Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Skeletal Muscle Dynamic, contractile properties Basis for human movement

Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Implications for Intervention Injuries generally not specific to one tissue Multifaceted Recognition of signs of tissue involvement

Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Complementary Interventions to Ther Ex Physical agents: Thermotherapy Cryotherapy Hydrotherapy

Sound Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Electrotherapeutic Modalities Biofeedback Electrical stimulation Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Summary Therapeutic exercise: Is a vital component of patient intervention for the PTA Is a core element in the treatment of the patient/client Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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