Introduction to Academic Research - UC Home

Introduction to Academic Research - UC Home

Beginning research for assignments LIBRARY Session outline Terminology Analysing your question Different information sources When to use them Where to find them What they look like in a reading list The information cycle Starting research Where to get more help Terminology: Journals OR Serials regular publications which contain scholarly articles for academic readers Journals are published in yearly volumes Volumes are comprised of monthly or quarterly issues Each issue contains multiple articles

Peer-reviewed OR refereed journals All articles are reviewed by experts in the field before publication Databases Searchable collections of information or data Most of our academic journals are accessible via databases Some databases contain full text (complete articles) Terminology contd: Reference A formal, detailed description of a book, journal article etc Example: Behrens, L. (2010). A sequence for academic writing. New York, N.Y.: Pearson. In-text reference OR Citation An abbreviated reference within the body of an

assignment to guide the reader to the detailed reference in the Reference List or Bibliography Referencing style Rules for the format, punctuation & elements of references Examples: Harvard, APA Analysing your question Before you can start your research, you need to know what youre looking for! Identify direction words & limiting words: direction words tell you what sort of assignment to write e.g. discuss, analyse, evaluate limiting words define the boundaries of your research e.g. 2 years, three examples, in Australia specific aspects of a topic Identify the key concepts of the question KEY CONCEPTS FOCUS OF YOUR ARE THE

RESEARCH Sample question: Discuss the impact of snow sports on alpine environments, providing case studies of at least three resort areas, each in different countries. Evaluate infrastructure, environmental and economic factors. Circle the direction words Underline the limiting words Highlight the key concepts More info on Academic Skills Centre page http://www.canberra.edu.au/studyskills/writing/answering Start with background reading: What defines an alpine environment Find three (or more) resort areas What is infrastructure For other questions this might involve checking definitions, breaking broad terms into separate aspects etc List

different forms of your key concepts: Synonyms and related terms e.g. snow sports, winter sports, alpine sports etc. THESE WILL BE YOUR SEARCH TERMS THE KEY TO ACADEMIC RESEARCH: DIFFERENT TYPES OF INFORMATION ARE FOUND IN DIFFERENT SOURCES Contain: broad, background information Useful for: broad understanding of the topic Often just one chapter or history, development Example of a

book reference: of a section of a book will apply May, C. A., & May, G. S. (2006). Effective writing: topic a handbook for accountants (7th ed.). Upper classic examples, theories & Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall. theorists Example & of an e-book reference: BOOKS E-BOOKS Schiraldi, G. R. (2001). The post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook: A guide to healing, recovery, and growth [Adobe Digital Editions version]. doi:10.1036/0071393722 How to find books: Reading list in your Unit Example of a chapter reference: Outline Nicholson, N. R. (2013). Social isolation. In Bibliography I. M. Lubkin P. D. Larsen (Eds.), Chronic

of & text illness: impact and intervention. Burlington, book and other readings Mass.: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Library catalogue or UCanFind Contain: Concise, focused information Useful for: Lending authority to your writing Strengthening your argument Detailed research Supporting your view Some conference papers Up to date information journals are published frequently

Case studies Examples of journal references: JOURNAL E-JOURNAL ARTICLES Munslow, A.&(2005). Getting on with history. Rethinking History, 9(4), 497-501. How to find journal articles: Fernsten, L. A., & Reda, M. (2011). Helping Library databases index over students meet the challenges of academic 40,000writing. journals Teaching in Higher Education, 16(2), 171-182. doi:10.1080/13562517.2010.507306 Use UCanFind to search broadly across all databases Select Subject Guides on the Library page to search specific databases Contain: Immediate, breaking news

Current affairs Useful for: Local information Editorial comment Advertising trends Economic information Examples of news source Politics references: NEWS SOURCES Social issues Waterford, J. (2007, May 30). Bill of Rights gets it wrong. The Canberra Times, p. 11. How to find news & current affairs: Funding changes unlikely to affect Print copies of major North Coastdaily TAFE (2012, October newspapers

in ABC Library 25). News. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/news Limit results to Newspaper Articles in UcanFind Specialised databases listed on the Subject Guides page Contain: Some scholarly, professional information Many sites for children or general public not appropriate for academic use Always important to evaluate information carefully Useful for: Quick, easy searching Current, popular information Images, maps, logos etc Company information Example of web site

reference: WEB RESOURCES MacIsaac, D. (1995). An introduction to action research. Retrieved from http://physicsed.buffalostate. edu/danowner/actionrsch.html How to find scholarly web sites: Library Subject Guides list selected sites for each area of study Use links from professional organisations and Government departments THE INFORMATION CYCLE There is also a time factor in information sources Lets look at the information cycle, using the 2007-2009 Global Financial Crisis as an example WITHIN HOURS The information cycle

Eye witness accounts, public reaction Websites, radio, TV, social media HOURS TO DAYS WEEKS TO MONTHS Comment, official statements Causes, impacts & more details Research on particular

aspects Magazine s Scholarly journals Newspape rs, other news sources MONTHS TO YEARS YEARS AFTER Detailed research & long term impacts Books Exercise: Look

at the references and questions: References: What type of source is this a reference to? Questions: What type of source would you use to find information on this topic? Handy hints: Remember the distinctive features for each type of reference Ask for help if you need it we want you to help you get them all right! Exercise answers: What type of information source is each reference describing? Diani, G. (2012). Text and corpus work, EAP writing, and language learners. In R. Tang (Ed.), Academic writing in a second or foreign language (pp. 87-106). London: Continuum. Dooley, M. D., Payne, A. A., & Robb, A. L. (2012). Persistence and academic success in University. Canadian Public Policy, 38(3), 315-339. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.canberra.edu.au/login?url=http://search. ebscohost .com/login.aspx?

direct=true&db=a9h&AN=80379636&site=ehost-live Satariano, W. A. (2012). Mobility and Aging. American Journal of Public Health, 102(8), 1508-1515. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2011.300631 The sprint to election day. (2012, October 26). New York Times, 32. Book chapter Journal article Journal article Newspaper article Book Sword, H. (2012). Stylish academic writing. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. United Nations Environment Programme. (2012). The global garbage crisis: no time to waste. Retrieved November 7, 2012, from http://www.unep.org /newscentre/Default.aspx? Website

What type of information source would you use to find the following information? detailed research comparing recovery times for sports injuries treated by acupuncture or by physiotherapy results of football matches played in a small country town the current organisational structure at BHP research into cell death and neurological disorders the history of primary school teacher training in Australia Journals Newspape rs BHP Website Journals Books Journals clinical trials of two new drugs for the treatment of arthritis Start research on the Library page Use UCanFind to search broadly across journal

databases and catalogue Your lecturer may have some readings listed on E-Reserve, use the more link to go to E-Reserve Search UC Library catalogue for known titles, specific items Search Subject Guides for specialised databases & other resources on more complex topics Register online for training sessions, or view online tutorials Use UC Referencing Guide for correct referencing For more Help is always available help ACADEMIC SKILLS SMARTHINKING LIBRARY

Ask a Librarian online: Ask a question by email Online chat 10.303.30 Monday-Friday In person: Research Assistance Desk Level B of the Library Phone: 62015082 CENTRE ONLINE TUTORIALS In person ASC Rovers in the Library or Student Commons Access via Moodle: Have your writing reviewed within 24 hours Have your writing reviewed at a drop in

session or an individual appointment Chat online with a live tutor Phone: 62012205 for an appointment Schedule to chat with a specialised tutor Send a tutor an academic question 19

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