Italy, can you hear me? The status of the Italian Sign Language.
Italy, can you hear me? The status of the Italian Sign Language. Student Name: Vincenzo Saverio Alfio Home University: Universit di Udine Host University: Universit de Strasbourg Euroculture Intensive Programme Olomouc, Czech Republic, 2016 Index Deafness and hearing loss Perception of the deaf: disabled or linguistic minority? Overview of Sign Languages Historical legal background: supranational level The national recognition LIS and the Italian case The legislative procedure: Bill N. 4207
What lies behind this? The future: Bill N.302 Conclusion Bibliography Deafness and hearing loss the hearing loss greater than 40 decibels (dB) in the better hearing ear in adults and 30 dB in the better ear in children. 5% of the worlds population Mild Moderate Severe Profound Hard of hearing Deaf
Hearing aids Sign language Causes Congenit al Acquired Ability to communicate!!! Perception of the deaf: disabled or linguistic minority? Deficit-oriented approach Deafness as handicap
Socio-linguistic approach Deaf as linguistic minority European Union for the Deaf Overview of Sign Language visual language using a system of manual, facial and body movements as the means of communication of Deaf people Organised at phonological, morphological, grammatical and lexical level Sign language not universal VS International Sign Language
World: 70 million people worldwide with 138 sign languages (>400) Europe: 800.000 signers with 31 sign languages Historical legal background: supranational level Europen Parliament: - Resolution on Sign Languages for Deaf People (1988) - Resolution on Sign Languages (1998) Council of Europe: - Convention for the protection of Human Rights (1950) - European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (1992) - Flensburg Reccommendations (2000) United Nations: - United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with disabilities (UNCRPD) (2006) 1 international
convention officially recognising disability as a human right The national recognition EXPLICIT RECOGNITION 1) Constitutional recognition: Finland (1995), Portugal (1997), Austria (2005), Hungary (2011) 2) General language legislation: Latvia (1999), Malta (2016) 3) Specific Law: Slovakia (1995), Slovenia (2002), Serbia (2015) 4) Specific SL Law recognising other means of communication: the Czech Republic (2008), Spain (2007), Poland (2011) IMPLICIT RECOGNITION 1) Legislation on disability and equality: Germany LIS and the Italian case LIS = Lingua dei segni Italiana (Italian Sign Language)
L.I.S. = Lingua italiana dei segni (Italian Language of sign) Lingua dei gesti (Language of gestures) Lingua dei sordomuti (Language of the deaf-mute) No national legislation > YES regional, provincial level Law 204/1992 - University: interpretation in lectures, exams - Civil life: interpretation in driving license, tribunals, employment offices - Other public services : NO!!! FIGHT!!! The legislative procedure: Bill N. 4207 29th April 2008: senator Peterlini proposed to Senate Bill 37/ S 16th March 2011: the Senate approves it under name Bill N 4207 23rd March 2011: to Chamber of Deputies
3rd May 2011: discussion with a new approach 5th July 2011: Adoption of the basic text Senate Chamber of Deputies End of Mario Montis government into of (Regulations for the promotion of (Regulations for Bill the falls promotion fulloblivion participation of Deaf in the full participation of Deaf in the collective life and recognition of the LIS)
collective life) 1) Art 1: - elimination of all barriers - recognition and promotion learning of LIS and bilingualism 2) Art 2: - diagnostic interventions, 1) Better mimed-gestural language or communication tecnique speech therapy, 2) More importance to scientific progress (prevention, CIs) VIOLATION OF HR What lies behind this? Vanessa
Migliosi Deaf teacher of mathematics in Rome Activist in LIS SUBITO! Lack of respect for choice Interest in medical speeches No public awareness Long waiting times Cristiano Iacoangeli LIS interpreter in ANIOS Trainer of intepreters and communication assistants Congress of Milan (1880) Religious view No professional
interpreters High costs Medical lobby The future: Bill N. 302 23 March 2013: Senator de Poli presents to Senate bill N.302 16 February 2016: Senate adopts unified text with 16 articles NEWS!!! - Recognition of professional interpreters - National Observation Institute Prof. Anna Cardinaletti: LIS not only language of the Deaf, but also of people affected by cognitive and linguistic delays POSITIVE OPINIONS> 7 June 2016 last meeting in Senate
1) 2) 3) 4) Conclusions Deaf people= disability & linguistic minority Recognition of SL at national level is essential Access to SL = access to personal growth Impose oralism= Violation of HR LIS 1)Use of CIs
2)Oralism education 3)Parliament 1)LIS courses 2) Acess to 3) Jobs with SL Recognising LIS means: 1) give legal dignity to this language 2) protect the cultural heritage 3) ensure the right to free choice of expression 4) full accessibility to infomation, communication and services 5) training programs for LIS professionals
Bill N 302 Thank you for your attention & Support LIS!!! Bibliography Camera dei Deputati. Atto Camera: 4207. Accessed May 10, 2016. http://nuovo.camera.it/_dati/leg16/lavori/stampati/pdf/16PDL0046810.pdf. Cardinaletti, Anna. Audizione Commissione Affari Costituzionali-Senato. Last modified April 19, 2016. http://www.senato.it/application/xmanager/projects/leg17/attachments/ documento_evento_procedura_commissione/files/000/003/865/ Prof.ssa_CARDINALETTI..pdf. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche. The Milan Congress in 1880. Last accessed May 10, 2016. http://www.istc.cnr.it/mostralis/eng/pannello14.htm. De Meulder, Maartje. Sign Language Recognition: Tensions between Specificity and Universalism in International Deaf Discourses. In Its a Small World: Inquiries into International Deaf Spaces, edited by Annelies Kusters, Michele Friedner. Waschington DC: Gallaudet University Press, 2015.
De Meulder, Maartje. "The legal recognition of sign languages". In Sign Language Studies Volume 15 Number 4. Washington DC: Gallaudet University Press, 2015. De Meulder, Maartje. The UNCRPD and Sign Language People. In UNCRPD Implementation in Europe- A Deaf perspective, edited by Annika Pabsch. Brussels: European Union od the Deaf, 2014. Division for Social policy and Development Disability. Finland ratifies CRPD. Accessed May 15, 2016. https://www.un.org/development/desa/disabilities/news/dspd/ finland-ratifies-crpd-total-164.html. Dolza, Enrico. The status of Italian Sign Language and the struggle for its recognition. Last modified January 6, 2015. http://www.globi-observatory.org/statusitalian-sign-language-struggle-legal-recognition. Dolza, Enrico. The status of Italian Sign Language and the struggle for its recognition. Last modified January 6, 2015. http://www.globiobservatory.org/status-italian-sign-language-struggle-legal-recognition. Ente Nazionale Sordi (ENS). Anche a Malta riconosciuta la lingua dei segni. Last modified March 16,2016. http://www.ens.it/canali-tematici/politica-estero/8147-anche-a-maltariconosciuta-la-lingua-dei-segni.
Ethnologue-Languages of the World. Deaf Sign Languages. Accessed May 1, 2016. https://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/deaf-sign-language. European Union of the Deaf (EUD). Full Citizenship through Sign Languages, (Conference Report, Brussels, 2007). In The protection and promotion of sign languages and the Rights of their users: Need Analysis, edited by Verena Krausneker. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publishing, 2008. Geraci, Carlo. Language policy and planning: The case of Italian sign language, in Sign and Language Studies, volume 12, Number 4. Washington D.C: Gallaudet University Press, 2012. Gulli, Tiziana, and Nonno, Violante . Storia del movimento per la LIS, contro il ghetto. Last accessed May 12, 2016. http://www.treccani.it/lingua_italiana/speciali/sordita/Nonno_Violante.html. Krausneker, Verena. The protection and promotion of sign languages and the Rights of their users: Need Analysis. Strasbourg: Council of Europe
Migliosi, Vanessa. Lettera agli Onorevoli Deputati XII Commissione Affari Sociali. Accessed May9, 2016. http://www.lissubito.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/Lettera-per-PoliticiLIS-subito-1.pdf. Mormando, Federica. Perch la lingua dei segni rischia di creare isolamento. Corriere della sera: January 3, 2015. http://scuoladivita.corriere.it/2015/01/03/perche-la-lingua-dei-segnirischia-di-creare-isolamento. Movimento Lingua dei Segni Italiana Subito! (LIS Subito!). Disegno di Legge C.4207. Last accessed May 12, 2016. http://www.lissubito.com/programma/. Movimento Lingua dei Segni Italiana Subito! (LIS SUBITO!). Violazione dei diritti umani- La Convenzione delle Nazioni Unite sui diritti delle persone con disabilit. Last accessed May 12, 2016. http://www.lissubito.com/diritti-umani.
Pini, Valeria. La gestualit degli Italiani non va daccordo con la lingua dei sordi. La Repubblica: March 26, 2014. http://www.repubblica.it/scienze/2014/03/26/news/la_gestualit_degli_italia ni_un_problema_per_le_persone_sorde-81951590/?refresh_ce. Senato della Repubblica. Atto Senato n. 37 XVI Legislatura. Accessed May 10, 2016. http://www.senato.it/leg/16/BGT/Schede/Ddliter/29655.htm. Senato della Repubblica. Disegno di legge N.302. Last accessed May 12, 2016.
Stevens, Helga. Equal rights for Deaf people: From being a stranger in ones own country to full citizenship through sign languages. Paper presented at ICED 2005, Maastricht, July 17-20, 2005. Summer Institute of Languages (SIL). Sign Languages. Accessed May 1, 2016. http://www.sil.org/sign-languages. Timmermans, Nina. The Status of Sign Languages in Europe. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publishing, 2005. 21 United Nation Human Rights. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Accessed May 15, 2016. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/CRPD/Pages/ConventionRightsPersons WithDisabilities.aspx#1. Wheatley, Mark, and Pabsch, Annika. Sign Language Legislation in the European Union - Edition II. Brussels: Europen Union of the Deaf, 2012. Word Federation of the Deaf (WDF). Sign Language. Accessed April 20,
2016. https://wfdeaf.org/our-work/focus-areas/sign-language. World Health Organization (WHO). Deafness and hearing loss. Last modified March 2015. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs300/en Copyright images www.retenews24.it (Italian Parliament) plus.google.com
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