Kania SOM - Brennan Hall

Kania SOM - Brennan Hall

April 14, 2004 Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Presentation Outline Project Background Wireless LAN Breadth Study Introduction Wireless LAN Project Team Access Points Construction IP Phones Structure Interactive Whiteboards Information Technology Video Conferencing Structural Depth Study Loads Lateral System Gravity System Conclusions Acknowledgements Questions Scheduling/Cost Breadth Study Material Costs Construction Schedule Final Cost Figures Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Project Background Introduction Five-story office/classroom building 68,500 square feet $12.3 million project 1st and 2nd floors primarily classrooms 3rd and 4th floors primarily faculty offices 5th floor executive board room and catering facilities Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis

Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Project Background Project Team Owner University of Scranton Architects Burkavage Design Associates Structural Engineer QproQ Engineering, Inc. Geotechnical Consultant Geo-Science Engineering General Contractor Sordoni Construction Services Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Project Background Construction Started March 1999 Completed August 2000 CM at risk delivery method Adjacent dorms constructed at same time Subcontractor lump sum bids Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Project Background Structure Structural steel framing Fully rigid moments frames Concrete-filled composite metal deck Column spread and continuous wall footings Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Project Background Information Technology Showcase instructional technologies and conference center flexibility Touch screen control of lighting, computing, and audio/video components Overhead projector, motorized screens, image visualizers, DVD & CD players High-end video displays, theater like sound and video conferencing in executive conference center Auditorium featuring theater like audio and video

environments Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Presentation Outline Project Background Wireless LAN Breadth Study Introduction Wireless LAN Project Team Access Points Construction IP Phones Structure Interactive Whiteboards Information Technology Video Conferencing Structural Depth Study Loads Lateral System Gravity System Conclusions Acknowledgements Questions Scheduling/Cost Breadth Study Material Costs Construction Schedule Final Cost Figures Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Structural Depth Study Loads From AISC Manual of Steel Construction Dead loads Roof dead (no ballast) Roof dead (with ballast) Floor dead 16.7 psf 26.7 psf 100 psf From ASCE 7-02 Douglas Wisniewski

Live loads Corridors Classrooms Offices 80 psf 40 psf 50 psf Snow load 30 psf Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Structural Depth Study Loads As Calculated by RAM Frame Wind loads Roof level Fifth Floor Fourth Floor Third Floor Second Floor Total N-S 12.2 kips 21.5 kips 20.5 kips 21.7 kips 22.5 kips 98.4 kips Seismic loads Total Building Weight N-S Base Shear E-W Base Shear Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering E-W 14.4 kips 22.9 kips 21.7 kips 19.9 kips 18.3 kips 97.2 kips 5690 kips 246.7 kips 284.5 kips

Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Structural Depth Study Lateral System Goals for proposed system Eliminate high cost of steel moment connections Reduce steel erection time by eliminating steel moment connections Initially four shear walls Two located on each of two opposing corners Very rigid, very small drift High lateral loads caused overturning moment problems Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Structural Depth Study Lateral System Combat overturning moments by Adding two additional shear walls Decrease lateral load to each wall Increasing wall thickness Increase mass for resisting moments Increasing wall footing sizes Increase mass for resisting moments Wall Footings 1 2 3 4 5 6 Douglas Wisniewski Thickness (ft) 5 5 5 5 6 6 Architectural Engineering Width (ft) Length (ft) 12

43 12 25 12 53 14 30 16 64 16 60 Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Structural Depth Study Lateral System Designed as deep cantilever beams Reinf. generally controlled by minimum steel areas Exterior walls also designed for wind pressure Lateral Load Resisting Design Frame 1 2 3 4 5 6 Douglas Wisniewski Level thk (in) l w (ft) hw (ft) d (in) Mu (ft-k) V u (k) Roof 5 4 3 2 Roof

5 4 3 2 Roof 5 4 3 2 Roof 5 4 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 3 2 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 31 31 31 31 31

13 13 13 13 13 41 41 41 41 41 13 13 13 13 13 33.5 33.5 49.17 49.17 19 19 40.5 40.5 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 366 366 366 366

366 150 150 150 150 150 486 486 486 486 486 150 150 150 150 150 396 396 584 584 222 222 480 480 360.73 674.49 1454.57 2350.60 3808.09 113.47 228.07 608.02 556.24 1211.14 564.15 1471.41 2739.42 3593.11 4995.58 157.74 187.62 384.59 453.55 879.25 1769.06 3901.29 3929.75 4265.37 1144.77 2489.67 2613.24 3128.11 25.77 22.41 55.72

64.00 104.11 8.11 8.19 27.14 3.70 46.78 32.42 62.86 98.19 79.46 124.78 15.94 8.64 27.21 20.54 51.17 138.59 178.69 248.58 233.47 105.15 144.75 273.61 227.42 Horiz. Web Reinf. (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]" (2) #[email protected]"

Architectural Engineering Area Load Resisting Design Vert. Web Reinf. Tensile Reinf. (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (8) #9 (8) #9 (8) #9 (8) #9 (8) #9 (6) #7 (6) #7 (6) #7 (6) #7 (6) #7 (10) #10 (10) #10 (10) #10 (10) #10 (10) #10 (6) #7 (6) #7 (6) #7

(6) #7 (6) #7 (8) #10 (8) #10 (10) #10 (10) #10 (8) #7 (8) #7 (10) #10 (10) #10 #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" #[email protected]" + Mu Reinf. - Mu Reinf. #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5

#5 #5 #5 #5 @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5

#5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 #5 @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" 12" Shear Reinf. N/A N/A

N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Structural Depth Study Gravity System Goals for proposed system Reduce weight of floor system Improve efficiency of floor system Replace wide flange infill beams with open web steel joists Concerns Fire Protection Floor Vibrations Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Structural Depth Study Gravity System Typical joist layout Joists oriented to span long dimension of bay for economy Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Structural Depth Study Gravity System

Fire Protection Difficult for spray-applied fireproofing to adhere to joist webs Design No. G708 from U.L. Fire Resistance Directory 2 hour fire rating W8X28 min. beam size Normal weight concrete, fc = 3500 psi Form deck with 2 pitch, corrugations min. 16K6 joists spaced at 3-6 max. Spray-applied fire resistive material Metal lath (optional) Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Structural Depth Study Gravity System Fire Protection Design No. G708 from U.L. Fire Resistance Directory Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Structural Depth Study Gravity System Floor Vibrations Calculations based on AISCs Design Guide 11 Douglas Wisniewski Applied loads Live load Misc. 11 psf 4 psf Floor stiffness evaluation Combined mode frequency Not needed since less than 4.8 Hz 9 Hz Walking evaluation Peak acceleration Less than office limit of

0.43%g 0.5%g Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Presentation Outline Project Background Wireless LAN Breadth Study Introduction Wireless LAN Project Team Access Points Construction IP Phones Structure Interactive Whiteboards Information Technology Video Conferencing Structural Depth Study Loads Lateral System Gravity System Conclusions Acknowledgements Questions Scheduling/Cost Breadth Study Material Costs Construction Schedule Final Cost Figures Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Scheduling/Cost Breadth Study Cost analysis to evaluate lateral system Material Costs Materials added Reinforced concrete shear walls Wall footings Materials removed Spread footings Moment connections Steel beams Steel columns Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering

Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Scheduling/Cost Breadth Study Material Costs Shear Walls Frame 1 2 3 4 5 6 New wall footings and spread footings removed Douglas Wisniewski thk (in) 12 12 12 12 12 12 Avg l w (ft) 31 13 41 13 41.33 29.75 Ne w Ftgs 1 2 3 4 5 6 Rem ove d Ftgs F50 F60 F66 F70 (3) F76 F80 (3) F86 F120 F136 F5680

thk (ft) 5 5 5 5 6 6 1.33 1.67 1.83 1.83 2 2.17 2.17 2.67 2.17 1.5 hw (ft) 14 14 14 14 14 14 vw (ft3) 434 182 574 182 578.62 416.5 w idth (ft) le ngth (ft) 12 43 12 25 12 53 14 30 16 64 16 60 5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 12 13.5 5.6

Architectural Engineering 5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 12 13.5 8 vw (CY) 16.07 6.74 21.26 6.74 21.43 15.43 Cost ($/CY) 62 62 62 62 62 62 Total Cost ($) Cost ($) 997 418 1,318 418 1,329 956 5,436 vw (ft3) 2580 1500 2400 2100 4664.16 5760 vw (CY) 95.56 55.56 88.89 77.78 172.75 213.33 Cost ($/CY)

59 59 59 59 59 59 Cost ($) 5,638 3,278 5,244 4,589 10,192 12,587 33.25 60.12 77.3175 89.67 337.5 138.88 470.3475 384.48 395.4825 67.2 1.23 2.23 2.86 3.32 12.50 5.14 17.42 14.24 14.65 2.49 59 59 59 59 59 59 59 59 59 59 Total Cost ($) -73 -131 -169 -196 -738 -303 -1,028 -840

-864 -147 37,039 Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Scheduling/Cost Breadth Study Material Costs Shear connections replacing moment connections Steel beams and columns removed Total material cost savings of nearly $25,000 Douglas Wisniewski Connections Moment Shear Beams W16x26 W16x26 W16x26 W16x26 W16x26 W16x26 W16x26 W18x35 W18x35 W18x35 W18x35 W18x35 W18x40 W18x40 W18x40 W18x40 W18x50 W21x50 W21x50 W21x62 W24x55 W24x68 W24x76 W27x84 W27x84 W27x94 Columns W8x24 W8x31 W8x40 W8x48

W8x58 W8x67 W12x45 W12x50 W12x53 W12x72 W12x87 W14x82 W14x176 Qty 1 5 1 4 5 1 1 3 4 4 4 1 3 1 4 1 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 3 8 10 2 4 4 3 3 2 4 2 3 2 Architectural Engineering Qty 240 240 Wt. (plf) length (ft)

26 8.5 26 11 26 13 26 15.67 26 16.5 26 18.5 26 21.5 35 4 35 13 35 19 35 21.5 35 27 40 8.5 40 13 40 18.5 40 21.5 50 13 50 8.5 50 21.5 62 21.5 55 4 68 21.5 76 40.5 84 15.67 84 27 94 27 24 31 40 48 58

67 45 50 53 72 87 82 176 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 Cost ($/CY) 280 70 Wt. (lb) Wt. (Tons) Cost ($/Ton) 221 0.11 425 1430 0.72 425 338 0.17 425 1629.68 0.81 425 2145 1.07 425 481 0.24 425 559 0.28 425 420 0.21 425 1820 0.91 425 2660 1.33 425

3010 1.51 425 945 0.47 425 1020 0.51 425 520 0.26 425 2960 1.48 425 860 0.43 425 2600 1.30 425 425 0.21 425 1075 0.54 425 1333 0.67 425 220 0.11 425 1462 0.73 425 3078 1.54 425 1316.28 0.66 425 4536 2.27 425 2538 1.27 425 1008 3472 5600 1344 3248 3752 1890 2100 1484

4032 2436 3444 4928 0.50 1.74 2.80 0.67 1.62 1.88 0.95 1.05 0.74 2.02 1.22 1.72 2.46 425 425 425 425 425 425 425 425 425 425 425 425 425 Total Cost ($) Cost ($) -67,200 16,800 Cost ($) -47 -304 -72 -346 -456 -102 -119 -89 -387 -565 -640 -201 -217 -111 -629 -183 -553 -90 -228

-283 -47 -311 -654 -280 -964 -539 -214 -738 -1,190 -286 -690 -797 -402 -446 -315 -857 -518 -732 -1,047 -67,047 Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Scheduling/Cost Breadth Study Construction Schedule Sequencing shear wall construction Formwork erection Concrete placing and finishing Strip and rebuild forms Time saved in steel erection Fewer steel members No moment connections Sequencing with foundation construction Time for concrete walls to reach 80% strength Steel attached to concrete walls Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Scheduling/Cost Breadth Study Detailed shear wall construction sequence Week Day 1: Oct. 10-16 2: Oct. 17-23 3: Oct. 24-30 4: Oct. 31-Nov. 6

5: Nov. 7-13 6: Nov. 14-20 S M T W R F S S M T W R F S S M T W R F S S M T W R F S S M T W R F S S M T W R F S Foundation System Form 1 & 2 - 1 Crew Pour 1 & 2 Level 1 Walls Form 3 & 4 - 1 Crew Pour 3 & 4 Form 5 & 6 - 2 Crews Pour 5 & 6 Two formwork crews Form 1 & 2 - 1 Crew Pour 1 & 2 Level 2 Walls Form 3 & 4 - 1 Crew Pour 3 & 4 Form 5 & 6 - 2 Crews Sequence forming and placing Pour 5 & 6 Form 1 & 2 - 1 Crew Pour 1 & 2 Level 3 Walls Form 3 & 4 - 1 Crew Pour 3 & 4 Form 5 & 6 - 2 Crews Pour 5 & 6 Form 1 & 2 - 1 Crew Pour 1 & 2 Level 4 Walls Form 3 & 4 - 1 Crew Pour 3 & 4 Form 5 & 6 - 2 Crews Pour 5 & 6 Form 1 & 2 - 1 Crew Level 5 Walls Pour 1 & 2

Form 3 & 4 - 1 Crew Pour 3 & 4 Steel Delivery Steel Erection Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Scheduling/Cost Breadth Study Construction Schedule Year Month 1999 July Foundation System August September October November 8/2 December 11/15 Shear Wall Construction 10/11 11/12 Steel Delivery 11/15 12/13 Steel Erection 11/15 Schedule with Shear Walls Original Schedule Shear wall construction costs Activity Formwork Carpenters

(2 Crews) Carp. Foreman Laborers Labor Forman Place & Finish Pump Crew Qty 8 1 4 1 1 4 12/17 Duration (hr or day) Cost ($/hr) 184 38 184 41 184 31 184 43 22 176 39 Cost ($/day) 1200 Total Cost ($) Cost ($) 55,936 7,544 22,816 7,912 26,400 27,456 148,064 Steel erection costs Activity Erection Bms & Cols Connections Qty 107 240 Duration (day) 2 2

Cost ($/day) 5000 5000 Total Cost ($) Cost ($) -10,000 -10,000 -20,000 Total construction costs nearly $128,000 Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Scheduling/Cost Breadth Study Final Cost Figures Combination of material and construction costs Materials Construction Item Shear Walls Footings Steel Concrete Steel Total Cost ($) Project Cost ($) Percent Change (%) Cost ($) 5,436 37,039 -67,047 148,064 -20,000 103,491 12,350,000 0.84 Reinforced concrete shear walls result in nearly a $103,500 increase in total project cost However, amounts to less than a 0.9% increase Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall

Presentation Outline Project Background Wireless LAN Breadth Study Introduction Wireless LAN Project Team Access Points Construction IP Phones Structure Interactive Whiteboards Information Technology Video Conferencing Structural Depth Study Loads Lateral System Gravity System Conclusions Acknowledgements Questions Scheduling/Cost Breadth Study Material Costs Construction Schedule Final Cost Figures Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Wireless LAN Breadth Study Wireless LAN Goals for proposed system Less wire and cable throughout building More flexible system Reduce overhead costs caused by moves, extensions to networks, adding connections Can serve as hot spot for students with laptops Can connect other buildings to same network Installing network in older buildings is easy 802.11a Selected over 802.11b & g standards 64 users per access point Lower possibility of interference Good for; dormitories, computer labs, conference rooms, VoIP Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Wireless LAN Breadth Study

Access Points Analyzed layout # of users AP AP Determined # of APs AP AP AP AP SC AP SC AP AP AP AP AP AP AP Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Wireless LAN Breadth Study Integrated IP Phone System PC Based Phones Software allowing computers to be used as IP phones Each individuals extension follows them to any computer Teleconferencing capabilities Desktop IP Phones Connected via Ethernet to wired backbone Located in secretary and waiting areas Wireless IP Phones Used by physical plant employees Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering

Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Wireless LAN Breadth Study Interactive Whiteboards Replaces chalkboard, overhead projector and screen Can function simply as a whiteboard Can display computer images Can save handwritten notes to print or post on course websites Video Conferencing Located in executive conference center Built in conferencing with multiple video and audio sites Dual LCD monitors Add a PC to the meeting See live PC presentations and presenter simultaneously Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Presentation Outline Project Background Wireless LAN Breadth Study Introduction Wireless LAN Project Team Access Points Construction IP Phones Structure Interactive Whiteboards Information Technology Video Conferencing Structural Depth Study Loads Lateral System Gravity System Conclusions Acknowledgements Questions Scheduling/Cost Breadth Study Material Costs Construction Schedule Final Cost Figures Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering

Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Conclusions Conclusions Structural Depth Study Lateral System Lateral system consisting of six reinforced concrete shear walls Very rigid, little drift Larger wall footings needed for overturning Was a successful educational project Learned how to design shear walls Scheduling/Cost Breadth Study Additional crews and equipment needed for five weeks to construct shear walls Steel erection shortened four days Shear walls increased total project cost by $103,500 Less than a 0.9% increase Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Conclusions Conclusions Structural Depth Study Gravity System Economic joist layout More efficient floor framing Two hour fire rated ceiling assembly Adequate for floor excitation Wireless LAN Breadth Study More flexible network solution Access points located throughout building IP telephony available from any networked computer Instructional spaced equipped with interactive whiteboards Sophisticated video conferencing units in executive conference center Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Presentation Outline Project Background Wireless LAN Breadth Study Introduction Wireless LAN Project Team Access Points Construction

IP Phones Structure Interactive Whiteboards Information Technology Video Conferencing Structural Depth Study Loads Lateral System Gravity System Conclusions Acknowledgements Questions Scheduling/Cost Breadth Study Material Costs Construction Schedule Final Cost Figures Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Acknowledgements I would like to thank James Devers, AIA, U of S Physical Plant Don Flynn, Burkavage Design Associates Linda Hanagan, PhD, PE, Penn State University James Kerns, PE, QproQ Engineering Francis Kranick, U of S Physical Plant M. Kevin Parfitt, Penn State University Andrew Shedlock, Sordoni Construction Ronald Skutnick, U of S Network Resources David Wilson, AIA, U of S Physical Plant David Wisniewski, Raytheon For all of the time and information they have contributed to this project. Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Presentation Outline Project Background Wireless LAN Breadth Study Introduction Wireless LAN Project Team Access Points Construction IP Phones Structure

Interactive Whiteboards Information Technology Video Conferencing Structural Depth Study Loads Lateral System Gravity System Conclusions Acknowledgements Questions Scheduling/Cost Breadth Study Material Costs Construction Schedule Final Cost Figures Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis Kania SOM / Brennan Hall Questions ? Douglas Wisniewski Architectural Engineering Senior Thesis

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