Kingdom Protista - Prairie Spirit School Division

Kingdom Protista - Prairie Spirit School Division

Kingdom Protista 3 GROUPS OF PHYLA: ANIMAL-LIKE, PLANT-LIKE AND FUNGAL-LIKE PROTISTS ARE: UNICELLULAR, COLONIAL, OR MULTICELLULAR; EUKARYOTIC; MOSTLY HETEROTROPHIC; NOT DISTINCTLY PLANT OR ANIMAL Animal-Like Protists- heterotrophic Animal like protists are categorized according to their method of movement. Phylum Sarcodina- pseudopods

Phylum Mastigophora/Zoomastigina- flagellum Ciliophora- cilia Sporozoa- no movement (just through spores) Phylum Sarcodina

Free living (freshwater, saltwater, soil) Some are animal parasites Can move with the aid of a pseudopod (false feet)- move by cytoplasmic extensions and retractions of the pseudopod

Engulfs food Ex. amoeba Phylum Zoomastigina Live in freshwater or salt water Parasitic and disease-causing

No sexual reproduction, mostly use fission (asexual) Form cysts and spread from host to host Ex. Trypansoma (sleeping sickness)

Phylum Ciliophora Most complex of this kingdom; most advanced Cilia on body (hair-like projections) help organism swim Reproduce asexually through

binary fission and sexually by conjugation Ex. paramecium Phylum Sporozoa Need host to move around Ex. Plasmodium that causes

Malaria CYCLE: mosquito human liver red blood cells blood cell breaks spreads to more cells Plant-Like Protists Often referred to as algae

Can exhibit characteristics of both plants and animals Are plant-like because they have cell walls and chlorophyll Reproduction can be sexual or asexual Phylum Chlorophyta The Green Algae

Phylum Pyrrophyta Fire-algae Produce light dinoflagellates Phylum Rhodophyta

Red Algae Phylum Chrysophyta Golden Brown Algae Phylum Phaeophyta Brown Algae

Kelp Phylum Euglenophyta Animal and plant-like features: Chloroplasts Engulfs food

Flagella Ex. euglena Fungal-like Protists Phylum Myxomycophyta/Myxomycota Called slime molds

Body is called plasmodium Constantly changing shape

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