Kingdom Protista 3 GROUPS OF PHYLA: ANIMAL-LIKE, PLANT-LIKE AND FUNGAL-LIKE PROTISTS ARE: UNICELLULAR, COLONIAL, OR MULTICELLULAR; EUKARYOTIC; MOSTLY HETEROTROPHIC; NOT DISTINCTLY PLANT OR ANIMAL Animal-Like Protists- heterotrophic Animal like protists are categorized according to their method of movement. Phylum Sarcodina- pseudopods
Phylum Mastigophora/Zoomastigina- flagellum Ciliophora- cilia Sporozoa- no movement (just through spores) Phylum Sarcodina
Free living (freshwater, saltwater, soil) Some are animal parasites Can move with the aid of a pseudopod (false feet)- move by cytoplasmic extensions and retractions of the pseudopod
Engulfs food Ex. amoeba Phylum Zoomastigina Live in freshwater or salt water Parasitic and disease-causing
No sexual reproduction, mostly use fission (asexual) Form cysts and spread from host to host Ex. Trypansoma (sleeping sickness)
Phylum Ciliophora Most complex of this kingdom; most advanced Cilia on body (hair-like projections) help organism swim Reproduce asexually through
binary fission and sexually by conjugation Ex. paramecium Phylum Sporozoa Need host to move around Ex. Plasmodium that causes
Malaria CYCLE: mosquito human liver red blood cells blood cell breaks spreads to more cells Plant-Like Protists Often referred to as algae
Can exhibit characteristics of both plants and animals Are plant-like because they have cell walls and chlorophyll Reproduction can be sexual or asexual Phylum Chlorophyta The Green Algae
Phylum Pyrrophyta Fire-algae Produce light dinoflagellates Phylum Rhodophyta
Red Algae Phylum Chrysophyta Golden Brown Algae Phylum Phaeophyta Brown Algae
Kelp Phylum Euglenophyta Animal and plant-like features: Chloroplasts Engulfs food
Flagella Ex. euglena Fungal-like Protists Phylum Myxomycophyta/Myxomycota Called slime molds
Body is called plasmodium Constantly changing shape
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