Knowledge Representation Issues for the Semantic Web

Knowledge Representation Issues for the Semantic Web

Ch. 1 Introduction Supplemental slides for CSE 327 Prof. Jeff Heflin Test Your SciFi IQ Optimus Prime Transformers (2007) WALL-E WALL-E (2008) Agent Smith The Matrix (1999) R2D2 Star Wars (1977) Commander Data Star Trek TNG (1987) K.I.T.T. Knight Rider (1982)

T-800 The Terminator (1984) Ava Ex Machina (2015) Priss Blade Runner (1982) Marvin The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy (2005) HAL900 2001:A Space Odyssey (1968) Joshua WarGames (1983)

Gort The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951) Test Your Real AI IQ GRAIL (1969): handwriting recognition Falcon (1995): Credit card fraud monitoring MAPGEN (2004): handled routine plans for Mars Rover missions HELP (1975): hospital decision support system Deep Blue (1997): beat world chess champion BOSS (2007): won DARPA Urban Challenge DRAGON (1975): speech recognition

SpamAssassin (2001): kills spam Watson (2011): beat human Jeopardy! champions The Turing Test Fields that AI Draws From Philosophy rules of thought, nature of mind, source of knowledge Mathematics formal logic, probability, linear algebra Economics

how to make decision that lead to preferred outcomes Psychology study of human mind and its functions especially Cognitive Science Physics how does the world really work? 5 A Brief History Lesson ~350 BC: Aristotles syllogisms 17th century: mathematical logic Leibniz, Boole, Frege

1950: Alan Turing proposes intelligent computers 1956: Dartmouth conference Coined term artificial intelligence John McCarthy, Marvin Minsky, Allen Newell and Herbert Simon Logic Theorist 1958: General Problem Solver (Newell and Simon) 1958: Lisp (McCarthy)

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