Language and Thought

Language by Mohammed, Mustafa and Mustafa Its all about communication!!! What is Language? Language Our

spoken written or gestured words and the way we combine them to Believe it or not, this communicate communication is a form

of language!!! meaning. Phonemes In How many phonemes does platypus have?

a spoken language, the smallest distinctive sound unit. Chug has three phonemes, ch, u, g. Morphemes

In a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning. Can be a word or part of a word (prefix or suffix).

Grammar A system of rules in a language that enables us to communicate and

understand others. Semantics The set of rules by which we derive meaning in a language.

Adding ed at the end of words means past tense. The Chinese languages do not have expansive semantic rules. They usually have totally different

symbols for different Syntax The rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences.

In English, adjectives come Is this the White before nouns, but House or the not in Spanish!! House of White? Language development How

many words do you think you know now? Probably around 80,000. After age 1 you average about 13 words a day. Language Development

Babbling Stage: starting at 3-4 months, the infant makes spontaneous sounds. Not limited to the phonemes of the infants household language. One-word stage: 1-2 years old, uses one word to communicate big meanings.

Two word stage: at age 2, uses two words to communicate meanings- called telegraphic speech. How do we explain language development? Skinner Skinner

thought that we can explain language development through social learning theory (which is?).

The young boy imitates his dad, then gets a reward. Chomsky Inborn Universal Grammar We acquire language too

quickly for it to be learned. We have this learning box inside our heads that enable us to learn any human language. Does language influence

our thinking? Whorfs Linguistic Relativity The idea that language determines the way we think (not vise versa). The Hopi tribe has no past tense in

their language, so Whorf says they rarely think of the past. Do people that speak more than one language think differently depending on their language at that time? Thinking without Language We

can think in words. But more often we think in mental pictures. In 1977, Reggie Jackson hit 3 HRs against the Dodgers. He has stated that before each at bat, he

visualizes crushing a home run. Do you think visualization Do Animals think or talk? Kohlers Chimpanzees Kohler

exhibited that Chimps can problem solve. Honeybees seem to communicate Apes and Signing

POP QUIZ!!!!! Do questions 1-4 pg 308

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