Language of Composition - Gwendolyn Brooks College ...

Language of Composition - Gwendolyn Brooks College ...

Language of Composition Chapter 1 Key Terms

Rhetoric Audience Context Purpose Bias Thesis Claim Assertion Subject Speaker Rhetorical Triangle Persona Ethos, Logos, Pathos Appeals

Tone Assumption Counterargument Concede Refute Connotation/denotation

Propagandistic Polemical Satiric Arrangement The Classical Model of Arrangement Patterns of Development Narration Description

Process Analysis Exemplification Compare and Contrast Classification and Division Definition Cause and Effect Key Elements of Rhetoric Context Time and Place Purpose Goal writer wants to achieve Thesis (claim, assertion) Main idea Subject Specific Topic Speaker Who is it in relation to the subject and the audience

Rhetorical Triangle The interaction between the Speaker, Audience, Subject, determines the structure and language of the argument. Audience Speaker Subject Ethos

An appeal to character, to demonstrate that they are credible and trustworthy Emphasis on shared values Expertise, knowledge, experience, training, sincerity Pathos

Logos Reason clear rational ideas Means having a clear main idea, or thesis, with specific details, examples, facts, statistical data, or expert testimony Acknowledge a counterargument Concede the refute An appeal to emotion Strong connotative words choice

Use of powerful images Vivid concrete details, and figurative details Patterns of Development The Classical Model (Arrangement) Intro (exordium) Draws reader into text Narration (narratio) Bckgrnd/factual info to establish subject/problem Confirmation (Comfirmatio) The development or proof needed to make case Refutation (Refutatio) Bridge between confirmation and conclusion

Conclusion (Peroratio) Brings essay to satisfying close, last will be what audience will remember Patterns of Development Narration Telling a story or recounting a series of events Chronological (mostly) Concrete Details Point of View Dialogue Crafting a story that supports the thesis Advantage because everyone loves a story Patterns of Development

Description Emphasizes the senses by painting a picture of how something looks, sounds, smells, tastes, or feels. Clear and vivid description can make writing more persuasive Makes it easy for the reader to empathize with you, your subject, or you argument Patterns of Development Process Analysis Explains how something works, how to do something, or how something was

done The key is clarity Patterns of Development Exemplification Providing a series of examples facts, specific cases, or instances One extended example or a series of smaller examples Usually involves Induction (Specific examples leading to a general conclusion) Patterns of Development Comparison and Contrast

Juxtaposing two things to highlight the similarities and differences Purpose to discuss the subtle differences or similarities in the method, style, or purpose of two texts. Organized by subject-by-subject or point-by-point Patterns of Development Classification and Division To sort material or ideas into major categories Writers main task is to develop his or her own categories, to find a distinctive

way of breaking down a larger idea or concept into parts Patterns of Development Definition To ensure that writers and their audiences are speaking the same language, definition may lay the foundation to establish common ground or identifying area of conflict Patterns of Development Cause and Effect Analyzing the causes that lead to a

certain effect or, conversely, the effects that result from a cause is a powerful foundation for argument More Information For more information regarding the Patterns of Development please go to: Frickes Forum blogs.muskegonisd.org/frickewi/ english-101/

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Collaborating across the firewall Chris Rothwell Office Client

    Collaborating across the firewall Chris Rothwell Office Client

    Government consulting service in the US, use Groove to work more efficiently that email allowed them to do. They were constantly travelling before. Using a combination of an intranet and Groove, they changed the way they worked, using Groove to...
  • Section 2.3 - Murrieta Valley Unified School District

    Section 2.3 - Murrieta Valley Unified School District

    We have taken the derivative of linear (x1), quadratic (x2), and cubic (x3) functions in previous sections and talked about the "shortcut rule" or power rule. There is a more formal proof in the middle of page 156.
  • Guidelines for Homework 6 Getting Started  Homework 6

    Guidelines for Homework 6 Getting Started Homework 6

    Guidelines for Homework 6 Getting Started Homework 6 requires that you complete Homework 5. All of HW5 must run on the GridFarm. HW6 may run elsewhere (like your desktop).
  • CHAPTER 12: ENERGY Copyright  The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

    CHAPTER 12: ENERGY Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

    Reformer releases some pollutants, but far below conventional fuel levels. Fuel cell efficiency is 40-45%. Positive electrode (cathode) and negative electrode (anode) separated by electrolyte which allows charged atoms to pass, but is impermeable to electrons. Electrons pass through external...
  • Images of Lynching - mu

    Images of Lynching - mu

    Lynching in Popular Culture Images of Lynching Between 1882 (when reliable statistics were first collected) and 1968 (when the classic forms of lynching had disappeared), 4,743 persons died of lynching, 3,446 of them black men and women.
  • LOIS DE SNELL-DESCARTES Dans un milieu homogène et isotrope ...

    LOIS DE SNELL-DESCARTES Dans un milieu homogène et isotrope ...

    C S normale n1 n2 > n1 Plan focal objet F Foyer objet Sens de la lumière La position des foyers détermine, dans les conditions de Gauss, les plans focaux objet et image. (voir figures) Calcul de la distance focale...
  • Integrated Planning Function - OAS

    Integrated Planning Function - OAS

    Joan Pope Goals of the CEM Expand, update, and replace the SPM Practical and easy to use State-of-the-art technical guidance document for coastal flooding, navigation, and shore protection projects Include basic principles of coastal processes Include methods for computing coastal...
  • SALVATION: WHAT IS THIS "FULLNESS OF THE GOSPEL"? All Bible ...

    SALVATION: WHAT IS THIS "FULLNESS OF THE GOSPEL"? All Bible ...

    Common Grace (Prevenient Grace) "Common grace" is given to all people. "Common grace" imposes . moral constraints . on people's behavior, maintains order, and helps to instill a sense of right and wrong. But it does not . forgive. sin...