LCMPT/LCGFT Training MOUG 2015 - MOUG | Music OCLC Users Group

LCMPT/LCGFT Training MOUG 2015 - MOUG | Music OCLC Users Group

LCMPT/LCGFT Training MOUG 2015 Beth Iseminger (Harvard University) Nancy Lorimer (Stanford University, in absentia) Thomas Pease (Library of Congress) Kevin Kishimoto (University of Chicago) Casey Mullin (Stanford University) Hermine Vermeij (UCLA) Janis Young (Library of Congress) ClassWeb guest access

URL: www.classificationweb.net Username: trainer1 Password: library Overview Part I Background (Genre/form in general, status of projects) Overview (The new music vocabularies, faceting, highlights) Part II Best practices (LCMPT and LCGFT)

Break! Part III Examples Exercises Part IV Genres and library systems Existing subject headings LCMPT and RDA Procedures for submitting new terms PART I

Background and Overview Janis L. Young Policy and Standards Division Library of Congress Examples Score of The Four Seasons Book about

The Four Seasons Recording of The Four Seasons Genre or Form? Genre: a category of works that is characterized by a similar plot, theme, setting, situation, or characters Adventure Detective and mystery Western

Form: a category of works with a particular format or purpose Encyclopedia Poetry Suite Genres and Forms in LCSH LCSH has always included genres and forms Form headings Constitutions

Symphonies Topographic maps Waltzes War films Form subdivisions $v Biography $v Exhibitions $v Fake books $v Maps $v Scores and parts

Genres and Forms in LCSH Computer cannot distinguish between form and topical headings Coding is identical (650 field) Form headings can often be used as topics We expect users to distinguish between works of a genre or form and works about it Genres and Forms in LCSH Examples

Old time music History and criticism ProverbsHistory and criticism Spanish languageDictionaries Spanish languageLexicography Waltzes Waltz LCGFT Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials Coded in a dedicated MARC field (655)

Allows computers to distinguish between a topic and a genre/form New interfaces are able to provide specialized limits and searches Result sets match the users needs LCGFT Projects Finished Moving images Non-musical sound recordings

Cartography Law Ongoing General terms

Music Literature Religion Art Music Genre/Form Project Collaboration between the Library of Congress and MLAs Bibliographic Control Committee, Form/Genre Task Force Task Force formed in 2009 567 proposals approved on February 13, 2015

Mediums of Performance Some LCSH form headings consist of, or include, musical mediums of performance Suites (Bassoon, clarinet, flute, horn, oboe with string orchestra) OperasVocal scores with continuo Bassoon, clarinet, trumpet with orchestra Violin and cello music Mediums of Performance

LCMPT: Library of Congress Medium of Performance Thesaurus for Music Collaboration between LC and BCCs Subject Access Subcommittee Over 800 terms were approved in February 2014 Mediums of Performance LCMPT: Library of Congress Medium of Performance Thesaurus for Music Coded in 382 field of bibliographic and authority records

Principal goal is access, but may also be used for RDA medium of performance element Demographic Groups Some LCSH form headings include characteristics of the creator or of the intended audience Arabic languageTextbooks for foreign speakersEnglish Childrens songs Prisoners writings

Short stories, American Demographic Groups LCDGT: Library of Congress Demographic Group Terms MARC coding 385 field: audience characteristics 386 field: creator/contributor characteristics Undertaken by PSD with assistance of the ALA/CaMMS Subject Access Committee

Small pilot vocabulary available in early summer 2015 Demographic Groups LCDGT: Library of Congress Demographic Group Terms To be assigned When the audience is clearly stated When the creator or contributor self-identifies A German textbook for English speakers An American composer

FACETED VOCABULARIES Facets Merriam-Webster online dictionary Facet: def. 2: Any of the definable aspects that make up a subject (as of contemplation) or an object (as of consideration) Synonyms: angle, aspect, hand, phase, side Facets

Simplify discovery Commercial web sites have been using it for years Allow users to drill through individual facets to limit their searches Individual facets can be searched and also used as search limits Facets Each vocabulary describes a distinct aspect of a work Coding each aspect separately allows for more

flexibility and precision in searching Facets Example: A collection of short stories about vampires written for teenagers by a French woman Audience: Teenagers Creator: French people; Women Genres/forms: Paranormal fiction; Short stories Subject: Vampires

Facets Each vocabulary is faceted An authorized term represents one aspect Terms do not overlap in meaning Concerto scores Scores for concertos Concertos Scores Faceting Each vocabulary is faceted

Coding LCGFT: repeated field 655 LCMPT: repeated subfields in field 382 Subfield $a: medium of performance Subfield $b: soloist Subfield $d: doubling instrument

Subfield $p: alternative medium of performance LCDGT: repeated $a in fields 385, 386 Faceting 100 1# $a Vivaldi, Antonio, $d 1678-1741. 240 10 $a Cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione. $k Selections; $o arranged 245 14 $a The seasons / $c Antonio Vivaldi ; arranged for concertante harpsichord, transverse

flute and viola da gamba by Joseph Kimbel. 300 ## $a 1 score (iii, 66 pages) ; $c 23 x 31 cm + $a 2 parts ; $c 31 cm 650 #0 $a Trios (Harpsichord, flute, viola da gamba), Arranged $v Scores and parts. Faceting 100 1# $a Vivaldi, Antonio, $d 1678-1741. 240 10 $a Cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione. $k Selections 245 14 $a The seasons / $c Antonio Vivaldi ; arranged for

concertante harpsichord, transverse flute and viola da gamba by Joseph Kimbel. 300 ## $a 1 score (iii, 66 pages) ; $c 23 x 31 cm + $a 2 parts ; $c 31 cm 382 01 $a harpsichord $n 1 $a flute $n 1 $a viola de gamba $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt 655 #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Arrangements (Music) $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Scores. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Parts (Music) $2 lcgft

Faceting 100 1# $a Vivaldi, Antonio, $d 1678-1741. 240 10 $a Cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione. $k Selections 245 14 $a The seasons / $c Antonio Vivaldi ; arranged for concertante harpsichord, transverse flute and viola da gamba by Joseph Kimbel. 300 ## $a 1 score (iii, 66 pages) ; $c 23 x 31 cm + $a 2 parts ; $c 31 cm 382 01 $a harpsichord $n 1 $a flute $n 1 $a viola de gamba $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt 386 ## $a Italians $a Men $2 lcdgt 655 #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Arrangements (Music) $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Scores. $2 lcgft

655 #7 $a Parts (Music) $2 lcgft Status of Music Projects Music genre/form terms Still negotiating approximately a hundred proposed terms Terms will appear on monthly Tentative Lists PSD is not accepting proposals for new or revised terms at this time Announcement of LC implementation is forthcoming

Medium of performance terms Accepting proposals through the SACO Music Funnel LC implemented in spring 2014 Impact on LCSH No immediate impact All form headings and form subdivisions remain valid Application Non-musical works: continue to assign subject headings

as always, in addition to terms from LCGFT Musical works: begin to assign LCMPT and LCGFT if appropriate; may continue to assign LCSH form headings for now Impact on LCSH Future plans Existing bibliographic records will be updated Music form headings not used for works about music will be cancelled Music form subdivisions will be cancelled if used

only with a form heading Availability of Records LCGFT Classification Web Free PDF: http://www.loc.gov/aba/ LCs authorities website: http://authorities.loc.gov LCs Linked Data Service: http://id.loc.gov LCs MARC Distribution Service Subject-Authorities product

Availability of Records LCMPT Classification Web Free PDF: http://www.loc.gov/aba/ LCs Linked Data Service: http://id.loc.gov LCMPT free downloads page: http://classificationweb.net/LCMPT/ The New Music Vocabularies Beth Iseminger Harvard University

History and Groups Library of Congress Music Library Association BCC Genre/Form Task Force Music Library Association BCC Subject Access Subcommittee Definitions Used by the Task Force Genre A class, type, or category, sanctioned by convention Form The constructive or organizing element in music

Medium of performance The voices, instruments, and other entities necessary to perform a piece Includes instruments, instrumental ensembles, vocal types and ranges, vocal ensembles, mixed ensembles, and objects used as instruments Early Process Review existing LCSH terms and add any missing terms Add new terms from reference sources New Grove 2nd edition Garland Encyclopedia of World Music

Sources Used by the Task Force Examples of Terms Found Outside of LCSH Lots of Terms! Using these sources resulted in huge lists of terms, especially for world music genres and instruments

The project scope was therefore narrowed to include only LCSH terms, with a few exceptions Decisions Made To separate genre/form and medium facets when they were combined in one LCSH heading To simplify the syntax for medium terms by eliminating the word music violin not Violin music

Separating Facets Move from pre-coordinated strings to post-coordinated facets Medium indexed separately, not as part of a string violin 1 / piano 1 Sonatas (Violin and piano) Other facets also separated language, geography, nationality Post-coordinating these facets offers granularity Necessary in linked data environment Facets for Music Genre

Form Medium of performance Format Associated place/Geography Date of work/Time period Numeric designation Key Language Audience Subject

Bluegrass music / Musique concrte Dastghs / Motets / Symphonies Soprano voice / Viola / Zither Vocal scores Kenya / Florence, Italy / Middle West 1824 op. 125 D minor French Childrens songs John Henry (Legendary character)

Facets for Creators Class of persons Ethnicity of the creator Gender of the creator Nationality of the creator Music by gay composers Music by African American composers Music by women composers Music by French composers

Using Facets Simpler to identify individual facets; easier for training Ex. vocal score of a song for soprano and orchestra Identify medium = soprano with piano Identify genre = song ; arrangement Identify format = vocal score Assign faceted terms: 1 soprano, 1 piano, Songs, Arrangements (Music), Vocal scores Versus the string: Songs (High voice) with orchestra $v Vocal scores with piano

Displaying Facets Chamber Music Medium Displaying Facets Alternate Medium Displaying Facets Medium versus Subject Using Multiple Facets Music LCGFT Terms Hermine Vermeij

UCLA Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms (LCGFT) LCGFT has been around for a while, but the music terms were just added last week! 567 terms in the first release, with some more in the pipeline. LCGFT Hierarchy Top Terms Music

Accompaniments (Music) Arrangements (Music) Art music Chants Dramatic music Folk music Functional music Glitch music Humorous music Medleys (Music)

Notated music Popular music Sacred music Songs Sound art Teaching pieces (Music) World music LCGFT Art music Art music

Aak Aleatory music Anthems Ballades (Instrumental music) Barcaroles Cadenzas Canons (Music) Cantatas Carnatic music Chamber music Chinese operas

Chorale preludes Concert etudes Concertos Dastghs Dialogues (Music) Fanfares Finales (Music) Fugues Gagaku Ht o Ht boi

Heike biwa Hindustani music Honkyoku Interludes Kacapi-suling Kacapi-suling Malhn Ma'lf Maqmt (Iraqi music) Microtonal music

Minimal music Monologues (Music) Musique concrte Nhac ti tc ti t N music Oratorios Organ masses Overtures Partimenti Pastoral music Phlng thao

Preludes (Music) Program music Quodlibets Ragas Rhapsodies (Music) Romances (Music) Rondos Scherzos Sicilianas (Music) Sonatas

Song cycles Songs without words (Instrumental music) Soundscapes (Music) Spectral music Stochastic music Suites Symphonies Taechwita Text-sound compositions Third stream (Music) Toccatas

Variations (Music) Vng c LCGFT Dramatic music Dramatic music Ballad operas Ballets (Music) Bangsawan Barong (Music) Changguk Chinese operas

Congadas (Music) Dialogues (Music) Entremes (Music) Ht boi Ht cho (Music) Hira gasy Incidental music Katarimono Kecak (Music) Liturgical dramas (Music) Madrigal comedies

Masques (Music) Melodramas Modern dance music Monologues (Music) Motion picture music Musical theater Musicals Nagam Operas Oratorios

Pansori Pantomimes (Music) Rappresentazioni sacre (Music) Revues Serenatas Wayang music LCGFT Folk music Folk music Aleke

Blues (Music) Cajun music Calpyso (Music) Celtic music Congadas (Music) Flamenco music Folk dance music Folk-rock music Folk songs Gaitas (Venezuelan music) Guaguancs

Ht cho Huaylas (Music) Huaynos Isicathamiya Klezmer music Kolos (Music) Kuyis Maloya (Music) Mand Mariachi (Music)

Morris dances (Music) Mouth music Msica sertaneja Nagam Norteo (Music) Old-time music Palos (Music) Pansori Plenas Polkabilly music Rebetika

Sanjo Schrammelmusik Soca (Music) Sones Soukous (Music) Square dance music Tejano music Vallenato (Music) LCGFT Notated music Notated music

Musical sketches Part books Parts (Music) Scores Service books (Music) Songbooks Tune-books LCGFT Popular music Popular music Agbadja modern (Music)

Arabesk (Popular music) Bachata Bail (Music) Banda (Music) Beatboxing Bhangra (Music) Bikutsi Blues (Music) Boogaloos (Music) Bossa nova (Music) Brega (Music)

Cajun music Calypso (Music) Campursari Candombes (Music) Cavachas (Music) Celtic music Chaabi Champeta (Music) Chanchona (Music) Chicha Choros

Chutney (Music) Country music Cover versions Cumbia (Music) Dangdut Dansi (Music) Danzones (Music) Disco (Music) Electronica (Music) Enka

Forr (Music) Fuji (Music) Funana (Music) Funk (Music) Gaitas (Venezuelan music) Gospel music Gumbe (Music) Habaneras (Music) High-life (Music) Huaylas (Music) Huaynos

Jazz Jingles (Advertising songs) Juju music Kanto (Popular music) Karaoke Kaskawi (Music) Keroncong Klezmer music Konkoma Kwaito Kwaya

Latin pop Lounge music Lundus Makossa (Music) Maloya (Music) Mand (Music) Mangue (Music) Mariachi (Music) Mbalax Mbaqanga

Mchiriku Minstrel music Modinhas Mornas (Music) Murgas Msica sertaneja Msica tropical New Age music Norteo (Music) Old-time music Ragtime music

Rai (Music) Rap (Music) Rapso Rebetika Reggae music Remixes (Music) Rock music Rocksteady (Music) Rumbas (Music) Salsa (Music)

Schrammelmusik Ska (Music) Skiffle Sones Soukous (Music) Soul music Steampunk music Swamp pop music Taraab (Music) Tejano music Timba (Music)

Tropiclia (Music) Tspapiky (Music) Turbo-folk (Music) Vallenato (Music) Waila music Worldbeat (Music) Zouk (Music) LCGFT Other hierarchies Derivative works Arrangements (Music)

llustrated works Fingering charts Informational works Fingering charts Thematic catalogs Instructional and educational works Master classes

Teaching pieces Literature Librettos Sound recordings Cover versions Human sounds Player piano accompaniments Remixes (Music) Samplers (Sound recordings)

Highlights of the Vocabularies Thom Pease Library of Congress Top Terms Music Art music Dramatic music Chants Functional music

Folk music Popular music Popular music Sacred music World music Songs Sound art Arrangements (Music) New Terms Filling gaps in the hierarchy (Art music, Event music, Functional

music, Notated music) Split and separated terms Some new terms (which have literary warrant and scope notes) New terms to replace former form subdivisions Examples: Preludes, Sea chanteys (vs. Sea songs) Split terms Rounds (Music) Canons (Music) Fugues

Whats not there Individual psalms and other texts of sacred music not considered forms. Still there: Masses, Requiems, Psalms (Music) Headings denoting medium of performance and/or the number of instruments (Quartets, nonets and String quartets, Piano trios, Woodwind quintets) Terms which just meant popular music or folk music, etc. of a particular country or region. Passionate discussions

Lots of terms with implicit facets to them (Nations, ethnicities, time periods, language, audience & creator/contributor characteristics) Many terms inherently instrumental or vocal. The loss of cross-references under pre-coordinated strings, and their narrower terms. Narrower definitions of terms long in use Taking Chances Performing arts terms Other general terms proposed

Event and expression terms Master classes, Concerts, recitals, Benefit performances, Concert tours, etc. Form terms

Antiphonaries Kyriales Lead sheets Missals (Service books) Parts (Music) Thematic catalogs (Music) Tune books

Those that didnt make it DESPAIR NOT! More tentative and approved lists to come. New terms can be proposed, hierarchies can be changed, and existing terms can be changed. Collaborating with other groups to fill in the hierarchy for terms that border music and are multi-disciplinary Issues to work through

Expression and manifestation terms Terms which overlap with other projects Performing arts & visual arts, multimedia terms. Events vs. terms in SR/MI hierarchies Just ran out of time to get everything in before the deadline. PART II

Best Practices for using LCMPT Kevin Kishimoto University of Chicago Provisional Best Practices for Using LCMPT (April 7, 2014, with corrections May 16, 2014) prepared by MLA Subject Access Subcommittee PDF on BCC website under Resources

LCMPT hierarchy performer ensemble visuals LCMPT hierarchy performer voice

ensemble visuals instrument - aerophone - wind instrument - woodwind instrument - reed instrument - single reed instrument

LCMPT hierarchy performer ensemble single reed instrument saxophone alto saxophone clarinet

visuals LCMPT hierarchy performer ensemble singer male voice high voice

tenor voice soprano voice visuals LCMPT hierarchy performer ensemble

instrument aerophone keyboard instrument organ visuals LCMPT hierarchy performer

ensemble audience continuo electronics visuals MARC 382

LCMPT terms Choose most specific LCMPT term Use term as it appears in LCMPT not capitalized in most cases singular in most cases 382 indicators ***bib records only 382 0#

for authority records 382 01 for bibliographic records $a = Medium of performance 382 01 $a piano 382 01 $a flute $a piano 382 01 $a mixed chorus $a orchestra

$n = Number of performers of same medium 382 01 $a piano $n 1 382 01 $a flute $n 2 $a piano $n 1 $n = Number of performers of same medium 382 01 $a piano $n 1 382 01 $a flute $n 2 $a piano $n 1 ... but no $n for ensembles 382 01 $a mixed chorus $n $a orchestra $n future...

382 01 $a mixed chorus $e 2 $a orchestra $e 1 $n = Number of performers of same medium Do not enter $n if the number of performers is unknown or variable 382 01 $a singer $n 382 01 $a performer $n $s = Total number of performers 382 01 $a piano $n 1 $s 1 382 01 $a flute $n 2 $a piano $n 1 $s 3

... but no $s for ensembles 382 01 $a mixed chorus $a orchestra $s ... and no $s if total unknown or variable 382 01 $a performer $s $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a piano $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a flute $n 2 $a piano $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a mixed chorus $a orchestra $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a performer $2 lcmpt

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Determine medium of performance Choose term(s) from LCMPT

Do not alter terms Use MARC 382 field Each term in separate $a Follow $a with number of performers in $n Total number of performers in $s after last $n $2 lcmpt $b = Soloist 382 01 $b soprano voice $n 1 $a orchestra $2 lcmpt 382 01 $b violin $n 2 $a orchestra $2 lcmpt 382 01 $b cello $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1

$a cello $n 1 $s 5 $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a high voice $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt $d = Doubling instrument (voice) 382 01 $a flute $n 1 $d piccolo $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a soprano voice $n 1 $d vocal percussion $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a singer $n 1 $d guitar $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt $p = Alternative medium of performance 382 01 $a soprano voice $n 1 $p tenor voice $n 1

$a piano $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a flute $n 1 $p oboe $n 1 $p recorder $n 1 $p violin $n 1 $a harpsichord $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt Multiple 382s for alternatives work for string quartet OR string orchestra 382 01 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 4 $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a string orchestra $2 lcmpt *alternative mediums of performance for a single work

Multiple 382s for ad libitum parts 382 01 $a soprano voice $n 1 $a violin $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a soprano voice $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt *alternative mediums of performance for a single work $v = Note 382 01 $a mixed chorus $v SATB $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a piano $n 2 $s 2 $v piano, 4 hands $2 lcmpt ... and from the last slide

382 01 $a soprano voice $n 1 $a violin $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 3 $v violin ad lib. $2 lcmpt Order of LCMPT Terms Use catalogers judgment score order? order listed on title page? other order? First indicator 1 = Partial medium of performance

382 11 $a trumpet $n 1 $2 lcmpt *trumpet with other undescribed instruments Standard chamber ensembles 382 01 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 4 $2 lcmpt string quartet 382 01 $a violin $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt piano trio 382 01 $a flute $n 1 $a oboe $n 1 $a clarinet $n 1

$a horn $n 1 $a bassoon $n 1 $s 5 $2 lcmpt wind quintet Bi-level MOP 382 01 $a flute choir $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a piccolo $n 2 $a flute $n 8 $a alto flute $n 4 $a bass flute $n 2 $s 16 $2 lcmpt *same medium, two descriptions Bi-level MOP 382 01 $a violin $n 1 $a continuo $2 lcmpt

382 01 $a violin $n 1 $a theorbo $n 1 $a organ $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a percussion $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a marimba $n 1 $d bass drum $n 1 $d triangle $n 1 $d cymbal $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt *same medium, two descriptions Tri-level[?] MOP -- Spem in alium 382 01 $a singer $n 40 $s 40 $2 lcmpt [40 singers] 382 01 $a soprano voice $n 8 $a alto voice $n 8 $a tenor voice $n 8 $a baritone voice $n 8

$a bass voice $n 8 $s 40 $2 lcmpt [5 voice types, 8 singers each] 382 01 $a solo vocal ensemble $v SATBarB $e 8 $2 lcmpt [8 SATBarB vocal ensembles] Topics still in flux

instruments played not played with two hands continuo percussion electronics visuals LCGFT Best Practices Casey Mullin Stanford University

Provisional Best Practices for Using LCGFT for Music Resources Even more provisional than the LCMPT best practices! Hot off the press; to be published shortly after MOUG/MLA meeting More detailed guidance will emerge as community application matures You are our guinea pigs. Get to work! LCMPT and LCGFT best practices eventually covered in

forthcoming LC manual MARC 655 MARC 655 $a (Genre/form term) $2 (Source of term) $2 lcgft Subdivisions ($v, $x, $y, $z) Do not use any subdivisions with LCGFT terms.

General guidelines Generally choose the most specific term available and appropriate. 655 #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft NOT 655 #7 $a Art music. $2 lcgft General guidelines If the work being cataloged combines aspects of two genres/forms that are in different hierarchies, or exemplifies more than one

genre/form, give multiple terms as appropriate. An art song: 655 #7 $a Songs. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Art music. $2 lcgft An album of pop songs: 655 #7 $a Songs. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Popular music. $2 lcgft General guidelines For notated music resources, assign one or more terms appropriate to the format of notated music, in addition to any genre/form terms

describing the musical work. Generally observe the RDA definitions of these formats. A set of parts with score of a string quartet: 655 #7 $a Scores. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Parts (Music) $2 lcgft A solo piano work: 655 #7 $a Scores. $2 lcgft Art music and Folk music Do not use the terms Art music or Folk music for the music of cultures that have no art/folk music division.

Use Art music for works of art music that cannot be described using more specific terms in the Art music hierarchy, and for works of art music otherwise described by terms that are not in the Art music hierarchy (e.g., Songs, Dance music). A bourree for harpsichord: 655 #7 $a Bourrees (Music) $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Art music. $2 lcgft Chamber music Use Chamber music (or one of its narrower terms) for works of art music for 2 or more performers whose medium is described in terms

of individual instruments/voices and/or by unspecified ensemble terms (e.g., bowed string ensemble). Generally do not use Chamber music for: Works for larger ensembles (e.g., orchestra, band, chorus) Art songs with piano Music for solo performers No scope note; use judgment in edge cases! Did we mention the provisional part? Use with LCSH

Until LCGFT terms are fully implemented and a method for converting genre and medium of performance terms currently coded as LCSH: Use LCMPT terms in 382 Use LCGFT terms in 655 Continue to use LCSH terms (Genre/form, medium of performance & mixed headings) in 650 field according to the guidelines in the Subject Headings Manual 382 01 $b bassoon $n 1 $a orchestra $e 1 $2 lcmpt 650 #0 $a Concertos (Bassoon) 655 #7 $a Concertos .$2 lcgft 382 01 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 4 $2 lcmpt 650 #0 $a String quartets.

655 #7 $a Chamber music. $2 lcgft Use of LCMPT and LCGFT in cataloging Hermine Vermeij UCLA Where will I be seeing these things? Bibliographic records Authority records Bibliographic Records

380 ## $a [Genre/form term] $2 lcgft 382 01 $a [Medium of performance term] $2 lcmpt 655 #7 $a [Genre/form term] $2 lcgft Authority Records 380 ## $a [Genre/form term] $2 lcgft 382 0# $a [Medium of performance term] $2 lcmpt Where do I access the vocabularies? Classification Web

Connexion (G/F only) id.loc.gov So I have to do extra work? Yes, for now. Still assigning subject headings to musical works in addition to genre/form and medium of performance terms. Eventually, we will not be assigning LCSH to musical works unless they are topical subjects.

Typical bib record for a score 100 1# $a Telemann, Georg Philipp, $d 1681-1767, $e composer. 240 10 $a Concertos, $m flute, string orchestra, $n TWV 51:G1, $r G major 382 01 $b flute $n 1 $a string orchestra $e 1 $2 lcmpt 650 #0 $a Concertos (Flute with string orchestra) $v Scores. 655 #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Scores. $2 lcgft

Typical authority record for a work 046 ## $k 1936 100 1# $a Prokofiev, Sergey, $d 1891-1953. $t Detskie pesni 380 1# $a Songs $2 lcgft 382 0# $a singer $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt What if I dont know what to do when [insert crazy situation here]?

Check LCMPT and LCGFT best practices Take a guess! Or start a conversation on an email list This is new for all of us, and were trying to figure out where the holes are. Your problem might eventually make its way into the next version of best practices.

BREAK! Part III Examples Example Bi-level 382 assignment Example Bi-level 382 assignment 100 1_ Nelson, Oliver, $d 1932-1975, $e composer, $e arranger of music. 245 10 Flute salad : $b a terrific addition to any program : as recorded on "Sound pieces" by the Oliver

Nelson Orchestra / $c composed and arranged by Oliver Nelson ; edited by Robert Curnow. 382 01 big band $2 lcmpt 382 01 flute $n 4 $a alto saxophone $n 2 $a tenor saxophone $n 2 $a baritone saxophone $n 1 $a bass clarinet $n 1 $a trumpet $n 2 $d flugelhorn $n 2 $a trumpet $n 2 $a trombone $n 3 $a bass trombone $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $a electric guitar $n 1 $a double bass $n 1 $a drum set $n 1 $s 22 $2 lcmpt 500 __ For jazz band (4 flutes (optional), 5 saxophones, bass clarinet (optional), 4 trumpets (2 doubling flugelhorn), 4 trombones, piano, guitar (optional), bass, and drums). 650 _0 Big band music $v Scores and parts. 650 _0 Jazz $y 1961-1970. 655 _7 Jazz. $2 lcgft 655 _7 Scores. $2 lcgft

655 _7 Parts (Music) $2 lcgft Example #1: Popular music 245 10 Super Afro soul [sound recording] / Orlando Julius. 382 01 $a singer $n 1 $a instrumental ensemble $e 1 $2 lcmpt 500$a Previously released selections from his 1966 debut album (Strut Records). 511 0 $a Orlando Julius, vocals ; with accompanying musicians. 650 _0 $a Popular music $z Nigeria $y 1961-1970. 655 _7 $a Afrobeat. $2 lcgft 655_7 $a Popular music. $2 lcgft

655 _7 $a Highlife (Music) $2 lcgft Example #2: Popular music 245 00 650 _0 650 _0 655 _7 655 _7 $a Dos grandes de Sinaloa [sound recording]. $a Popular music $a Mexico $y 1991-2000.

$a Banda (Music) $a Popular music. $a lcgft $a Banda (Music) $2 lcgft Example: Ethnic Medium and Associated Place 245 00 $a Spiridon 382 01 $a Jews harp $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt 370 __ $c Russia (Federation) $f Sakha (Russia) $2 lcsh 500 __ Traditional khomus music from Sakha province, Russia. 650 _0 Folk music $z Russia (Federation) $z Sakha.

655 _7 Folk music. $2 lcgft Example: Ethnic Medium and Associated Place 245 00 $a Urban music of the Edo period (1603-1868) 370 __ $c Japan $2 lcsh 382 01 $a shakuhachi $n 1 $a shamisen $n 1 $a koto $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt 500 __ $a Classical music from Japan for shakuhachi, shamisen, and koto. 650 _0 $a Music $z Japan. 655 _7 $a Art music. $2 lcgft

Example: No genre 100 1# $a Tanguy, Eric, $e composer. 240 10 $a Duet, $m flute, clarinet 245 10 $a Duo pour flute & clarinette en si bemol (1994) / $c Eric Tanguy. 382 01 $a flute $n 1 $a clarinet $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt 650 #0 $a Clarinet and flute music $v Scores. 655 #7 $a Chamber music. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Scores. $2 lcgft

Example: Sound recording w/ multiple works Example: Sound recording w/ multiple works 245 00 Lautenkonzerte = $b Concerti pour luth = Lute concertos. ... 505 0# Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et b.c. / Fasch -- Cassation pour luth oblig, violon et violoncelle / Haydn -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons et violoncelle / Kohaut -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et violoncelle / Hagen.

Example: Sound recording w/ multiple works 245 00 Lautenkonzerte = $b Concerti pour luth = Lute concertos. ... 505 0# Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et b.c. / Fasch -- Cassation pour luth oblig, violon et violoncelle / Haydn -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons et violoncelle / Kohaut -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et violoncelle / Hagen. 382 01 $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a continuo $2 lcmpt 655 #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft

Example: Sound recording w/ multiple works 245 00 Lautenkonzerte = $b Concerti pour luth = Lute concertos. ... 505 0# Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et b.c. / Fasch -- Cassation pour luth oblig, violon et violoncelle / Haydn -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons et violoncelle / Kohaut -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et violoncelle / Hagen. 382 01 $a baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt 655 #7 $a Suites. $2 lcgft

Example: Sound recording w/ multiple works 245 00 Lautenkonzerte = $b Concerti pour luth = Lute concertos. ... 505 0# Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et b.c. / Fasch -- Cassation pour luth oblig, violon et violoncelle / Haydn -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons et violoncelle / Kohaut -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et violoncelle / Hagen. 382 01 $a baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt 655 #7 $a Suites. $2 lcgft

Example: Sound recording w/ multiple works 245 00 Lautenkonzerte = $b Concerti pour luth = Lute concertos. ... 505 0# Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et b.c. / Fasch -- Cassation pour luth oblig, violon et violoncelle / Haydn -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons et violoncelle / Kohaut -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et violoncelle / Hagen. 382 01 $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a cello $n 1 $s 4 $2 lcmpt 655 #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft

Example: Sound recording w/ multiple works 245 00 Lautenkonzerte = $b Concerti pour luth = Lute concertos. ... 505 0# Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et b.c. / Fasch -- Cassation pour luth oblig, violon et violoncelle / Haydn -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons et violoncelle / Kohaut -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et violoncelle / Hagen. 382 01 $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 5 $2 lcmpt 655 #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft

Example: Sound recording w/ multiple works 245 00 Lautenkonzerte = $b Concerti pour luth = Lute concertos. ... 382 01 $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a continuo $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt 382 01 $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a cello $n 1 $s 4 $2 lcmpt 382 01 $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 5 $2 lcmpt ... 655 #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft

655 #7 $a Suites. $2 lcgft Example: Sound recording w/ multiple works 245 00 Lautenkonzerte = $b Concerti pour luth = Lute concertos. ... 382 01 $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a continuo $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt 382 01 $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a cello $n 1 $s 4 $2 lcmpt 382 01 $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 5 $2 lcmpt 650 #0 Concertos (Lute with instrumental ensemble)

650 #0 Suites (Lute, violin, cello) 650 #0 Concertos (Lute with string ensemble) 655 #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Suites. $2 lcgft Exercises Exercise 100 1# $a Paganini, Nicol, $d 1782-1840, $e composer. 245 10 Sonata concertata : $b per chitarra e

violino : M.S.2 / $c Niccol Paganini. ... 382 __________ ... 650 __________ 655 __________ 655 __________ Exercise 100 1# $a Paganini, Nicol, $d 1782-1840, $e composer.

245 10 Sonata concertata : $b per chitarra e violino : M.S.2 / $c Niccol Paganini. ... 382 01 $a guitar $n 1 $a violin $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt ... 650 #0 Sonatas (Violin and guitar) $v Scores. 655 #7 Sonatas. $2 lcgft 655 #7 Scores. $2 lcgft Exercise 100 1# Piazzolla, Astor, $e composer.

245 10 Histoire du tango : $b pour flte et guitare / $c Astor Piazzolla. ... 382 __________ ... 650 __________ 650 __________ 655 __________ 655 __________ 655 __________

Exercise 100 1# Piazzolla, Astor, $e composer. 245 10 Histoire du tango : $b pour flte et guitare / $c Astor Piazzolla. ... 382 01 $a flute $n 1 $a guitar $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt ... 650 #0 Tangos. 650 #0 Flute and guitar music $v Scores. 655 #7 Tangos (Music) $2 lcgft 655 #7 Art music. $2 lcgft

655 #7 Scores. $2 lcgft Exercise #1: Popular music 245 10 Love celebration devotion [sound recording] : live in concert / Maria Bethania. $a Recorded live, Vivo Rio, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Mar. 12-13, 2010. 650 _0 $a Popular music |z Brazil |y 2001-2010. 650 _0 $a Songs, Portuguese. 655 _7 $a _______________. $2 ____ 655 _7 $a _______________. $2 ____

Exercise #1 (Popular Music: Answers) 245 10 Love celebration devotion [sound recording] : live in concert / Maria Bethania. $a Recorded live, Vivo Rio, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Mar. 12-13, 2010. 650 _0 $a Popular music |z Brazil |y 2001-2010. 650 _0 $a Songs, Portuguese. 655 _7 $a Popular music $2 lcgft 655 _7 $a Songs $2 lcgft Another exercise: Popular music 245 10 $a Broadway, USA! Vol. 5, Little bit gay [sound recording] : gay

musical / music and lyrics by Cude & Pickens. 650 _0 $a Revues. 650 _0 $a Gay men $v Songs and music. 655 _7 $a _____________. $2 ____ Broadway, USA! (answers) 245 10 $a Broadway, USA! Vol. 5, Little bit gay [sound recording] : gay musical / music and lyrics by Cude & Pickens. 650 _0 $a Revues. 650 _0 $a Gay men $v Songs and music. 655 _7 $a _Revues. $2 lcgft_

655 _7 $a _Popular music_ $2 lcgft Exercise #3 245 00 518 650 _0 655 _7 $a Sounds from a bygone age. Vol. 3, Dona Dumitru Siminica. $a Recorded in the early 1960s at Electrecord Studio, Romania. $a Popular music $z Romania $y 1961-1970.

$a __________. $2 ____ Exercise #3 (answers) 245 00 518 650 _0 655 _7 $a Sounds from a bygone age. Vol. 3, Dona Dumitru Siminica. $a Recorded in the early 1960s at Electrecord Studio, Romania. $a Popular music $z Romania $y 1961-1970.

$a _Popular music. Exercise #4 (slide #1) 245 10 $a At home with friends [sound recording]. 511 0_ $a Joshua Bell, violin ; with various featured performers. 518$a Recorded Apr.-Aug. 2009. 505 0_ $a I loves you Porgy |r (featuring Chris Botti, trumpet) -- | t Come again |r (featuring Sting, vocals) -- |t Oblivin |r (featuring Carel Kraayenhof, bandoneon) -- |t Cinema Paradiso |r (featuring Josh Groban, vocals) -- |t Para ti |r (featuring Tiempo Libre) -- |t My funny Valentine |r (featuring Kristin Chenoweth, vocals) -- |t Maybe so |

r (featuring Edgar Meyer, double bass, Sam Bush, mandolin, and Mike Marshall, guitar) [etc.] Exercise #4 (slide #2) 650 _0 $a Popular music $y 2001-2010. 650 _0 $a Jazz $y 2001-2010. 650 _0 $a Chamber music. 655 _7 $a _____________. $2 ____ 655 _7 $a ______________. $2 _____ 655 _7 $a ______________. $2 _____

Exercise #4 (answers) 650 _0 $a Popular music $y 2001-2010. 650 _0 $a Jazz $y 2001-2010. 650 _0 $a Chamber music. 655 _7 $a _Popular music. $2 _lcgft_ 655 _7 $a _Jazz. $2 _lcgft____ 655 _7 $a _Chamber music. $2 _lcgft_ Exercise Art music compilation Exercise Art music compilation

100 1_ Bridge, Frank, $e composer. 245 10 Early chamber music / $c Frank Bridge. 505 0_ String sextet in E flat major (1906-12) (27:02) -- Lament for two violas (1912) (8:51) -- String quintet in E minor (1901) (30:07). 650 _0 String sextets (Violins (2), violas (2), cellos (2)) 650 _0 String quintets (Violins (2), violas (2), cello) 650 _0 Viola music (Violas (2)) Exercise Art music compilation 382 01 $a ___________ $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a ___________ $2 lcmpt

382 01 $a ___________ $2 lcmpt 655 _7 $3 1st work: $a ___________. $2 lcgft 655 _7 $3 2nd work: $a ___________. $2 lcgft 655 _7 $3 3rd work: $a ___________. $2 lcgft Exercise Art music compilation 382 01 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 2 $a cello $n 2 $s 6 $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a viola $n 2 $s 2 $2 lcmpt 382 01 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 2 $a cello $n 1 $s 5 $2 lcmpt 655 _7 $a Chamber music. $2 lcgft 655 _7 $3 2nd work: $a ___________. $2 lcgft

655 _7 $3 3rd work: $a ___________. $2 lcgft Exercise: Extra credit 1 100 0# $a Raffi, $e composer, $e performer. 245 10 $a Baby beluga. 300 ## $a 1 audio disc ; $c 4 3/4 in. 385 ## ______________ 650 #0 $a Childrens songs. 655 #7 ______________ Exercise: Extra credit 1 (answers)

100 0# $a Raffi, $e composer, $e performer. 245 10 $a Baby beluga. 300 ## $a 1 audio disc ; $c 4 3/4 in. 385 ## $a Children $2 lcsh [a potential solution] 650 #0 $a Childrens songs. 655 #7 $a Songs. $2 lcgft Exercise: Extra credit 2 046 ## ______________ 245 00 $a Masterpieces of French harpsichord music. 300 ## $a 1 audio disc ; $c 4 3/4 in.

370 ## ______________ 382 01 ______________ 388 2# ______________ 650 #0 $a Harpsichord music $z France $y 18th century. 655 #7 ______________ Exercise: Extra credit 2 (answers) 046 ## $k 18 245 00 $a Masterpieces of French harpsichord music. 300 ## $a 1 audio disc ; $c 4 3/4 in. 370 ## $g France $2 naf [a potential solution]

382 01 $a harpsichord $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt 388 2# $a 18th century [a potential solution] 650 #0 $a Harpsichord music $z France $y 18th century. 655 #7 $a Art music. $2 lcgft Exercise: Ethnic music 245 00 $a Andes : $b les flutes du soleil. 300 ## $a 1 audio disc ; $c 4 3/4 in. 370 ## ________________________ 382 11 ________________________ 386 ## ________________________

500 ## $a Principally instrumental folk music featuring Andean flutes. 650 #0 $a Folk music $z Andes Region. 650 #0 $a Folk songs, Spanish $z Andes Region. 650 #0 $a Indians of South America $z Andes Region $v Music. 650 #0 $a Panpipes ensembles. 655 #7 ________________________ 655 #7 ________________________ Exercise: Ethnic music (answers) 245 00 $a Andes : $b les flutes du soleil. 300 ## $a 1 audio disc ; $c 4 3/4 in.

370 ## $g Andes Region $2 lcsh [a potential solution] 382 11 $a panpipes ensemble $2 lcmpt 386 ## $a Indians of South America $2 lcsh [a potential solution] 500 ## $a Principally instrumental folk music featuring Andean flutes. 650 #0 $a Folk music $z Andes Region. 650 #0 $a Folk songs, Spanish $z Andes Region. 650 #0 $a Indians of South America $z Andes Region $v Music. 650 #0 $a Panpipes ensembles. 655 #7 $a Folk music. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Folk songs. $2 lcgft

Part IV LCGFT & LCMPT in Library Systems LCGFT & LCMPT in Library Systems

Display Indexing Facets Search Display How should LCGFT & LCMPT vocabularies look in the catalog record display? What data should be displayed? Where should it be displayed? Should this data also be displayed in results lists?

LCGFT Display (MARC 655) Locate near subject headings? Use display label Genre / Form? Display 655 $a Do not display 655 $2 lcgft

Note: There are other genre / form thesauri (and nonthesaurus terms) which are also coded in 655. Some of these 655s contain subfields LCMPT Display (MARC 382) Location?

Display constant? Order of MOP terms? Punctuation? LCMPT Display (MARC 382) Location? o Near the genre / form terms? o Near the physical description? o Somewhere else? LCMPT Display (MARC 382)

Location? Display constant? o Medium of performance? o Instrumentation? o Performance medium? o Performing forces? o Partial medium of performance? LCMPT Display (MARC 382) Location? Display constant?

Order of MOP terms? o Display in order as coded in 382 o Should soloists ($b) always be first? LCMPT Display (MARC 382) Location?

Display constant? Order of MOP terms? Punctuation / labels? Number of performers ($n) No punctuation, just a space? violin 1 flute 2 guitar 4 $n in parentheses? violin(1)

flute(2) guitar(4) $n preceding term? 1 violin 2 flute 4 guitar What if no $n? Punctuation between $a or $b terms Comma? violin(1), flute(1), guitar(1)

Semicolon? 4 guitar ; orchestra Pipe? electric guitar(1) | bass guitar(1) | drum set(1) Nothing but space? mixed chorus orchestra Soloist ($b) soloist: or [soloist]? soloist:oboe(1), band oboe(1)[soloist], band

solo? solo violin(1) ; solo cello(1) ; orchestra with? soprano voice(1) with mixed chorus, orchestra No special indication? 1 piano, percussion ensemble Alternative MOP ($p) alternative or alternatively? violin(1) alternatively flute(1), piano(1) or ?

violin(1) or flute(1), piano(1) /? violin(1)/flute(1), piano(1) Possibly drop $n from display after $p? violin(1) or flute, piano(1) Doubling MOP ($d) doubling? flute(1) doubling piccolo(1), piano(1) + or & or /? flute(1)+piccolo(1), piano(1)

flute(1) & piccolo(1), piano(1) flute(1)/piccolo(1), piano(1) Possibly drop $n from display after $d? flute(1)+piccolo, piano(1) Note ($v) Display text as written Indicate note by some punctuation o Parentheses or brackets? mixed chorus[SATB] piano(2)[piano, 4 hands]

o Comma? mixed chorus, SATB piano(2), piano, 4 hands Easiest[?!?] recommendations

Wrap subfields n in parentheses Wrap subfields v in square brackets Change all $a into , Change all $b into , soloist: Change all $p into or Change all $d into + Remove first comma ($a or $b preceding first term)

Do not display subfields s or 2 Use a sensible display constant and location Examples violin(2), viola(1), cello(1) soloist: soprano voice(1), mixed chorus[SATB] flute(1)+alto flute(1), piano(2)[piano, 4 hands] Partial medium of performance: violin(1) or flute(1) or oboe(1) * Legacy 382s (before publication of LCMPT and best practices) should display fine, although vocabulary will be different

Indexing How should LCGFT & LCMPT vocabularies be indexed to allow proper functionality? What data should be indexed? How should it be indexed? LCGFT Indexing (MARC 655)

Create a separate genre/form index Index $a Do not index $2 Other thesauri also present in 655--index other subfields? LCMPT Indexing (MARC 382) index1: MOP term alone (without number) $a

$b $d $p Keyword index only? $v index2: MOP term and number together $a $n $b $n $d $n

$p $n $a $e $p $e LCMPT Indexing (MARC 382) Only index field if contains $2 lcmpt o If no $2 lcmpt, index as keyword only? Do NOT index $2 Not sure what to do with $s LCMPT Indexing (MARC 382)

string quartet 382 0# $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 4 $2 lcmpt index1: violin viola cello index2: violin 2 viola 1 cello 1 LCMPT Indexing (MARC 382) piano trio 382 0# $a violin $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt index1: violin cello piano

index2: violin 1 cello 1 piano 1 LCMPT Indexing (MARC 382) piano quintet: violin viola cello piano violin 2 viola 1 cello 1 piano 1 violin and piano: violin piano violin 1 piano 1 violin soloist with 4-hand piano accompaniment: violin piano piano, 4 hands violin 1 piano 2 piano duo: piano piano 2 string quartet

cello X piano piano trio piano quintet

X X X X viola X

violin X X X cello 1

X X X X X piano 1

violin & piano X X X X

violin 2 X piano, 4 hands X X X

X X X violin 1 piano duo X

piano 2 viola 1 violin, 4-hand piano X X X

X X Facets How should LCGFT & LCMPT vocabularies be faceted? Create separate facets for Genre/Form and Medium of Performance which use the indexes discussed above AND the facets, not OR

Medium of Performance piano (5) violin (5) cello (3) cello 1 (3) piano 1 (3) more... Genre/Form Chamber music (3) Minuets (Music) (2)

Sonatas (2) Concertos (1) Scherzos (1) more... Medium of Performance piano (5) violin (5) cello (3) cello 1 (3) piano 1 (3)

violin 1 (3) piano 2 (2) viola (2) viola 1 (2) violin 2 (2) piano, 4 hands (1) Genre/Form Chamber music (3) Minuets (Music) (2) Sonatas (2)

Concertos (1) Scherzos (1) more... Current Limits x Format: Music score x Medium of Performance: violin 1 x Medium of Performance: piano 1 x Genre/Form: Sonatas

Medium of Performance piano 1 x violin 1 x piano (5) violin (5) cello (3) cello 1 (3) more... Genre/Form Sonatas x Chamber music (3)

Minuets (Music) (2) Concertos (1) Scherzos (1) more... Medium of Performance cello (3) cello 1 (3) piano (5) piano 1 (3) piano 2 (2)

viola (2) viola 1 (2) violin (5) violin 1 (3) violin 2 (2) piano, 4 hands (1) Genre/Form Chamber music (3) Minuets (Music) (2) Sonatas (2)

Concertos (1) Scherzos (1) more... Search Current state of LCGFT & LCMPT searches o Possible to use keyword searches for both Genre/Form and Medium of Performance o Some catalogs have separate Genre/Form search type o A few home-grown Medium of Performance

search interfaces, but built on MARC 048 Future search interface?... LCGFT & LCMPT in Library Systems Display

Indexing Facets Search Existing Subject Headings Casey Mullin Stanford University Conversion of legacy 650 subject headings Requirements Each 650 should beget, at least, one 382 and/or one 655 field

Algorithm should work equally well for score and sound recording records Terms in machine-generated fields must be conformant to LCGFT and LCMPT Machine-generated fields should ideally be conformant to MLA best practices Duplicate fields should be removed 650 fields retained for the time being Conversion of legacy 650 subject headings Challenges (to name a few)

Implicit medium of performance (e.g., Symphonies, Monologues with music) Differences in vocabulary LCSH (mixed voices) vs. LCMPT (mixed chorus) LCSH (Canons, fugues, etc.) vs. LCGFT (Canons or Fugues) Completely new terms in LCGFT (Art music) Identifying solo performers True topical headings: how to distinguish? By presence of certain values in $v? (e.g., Songs and music)

Or dont worry and just let them fail the algorithm? Videorecording records? Possible influence on best practices Conversion of legacy 650 subject headings 650-to-382 algorithm (draft outline, version 0.1) 1. Isolation and delimiting of raw string of terms expressing or implying medium of performance 1. Removing non-medium content (particles, punctuation, etc.) 2. Generating implied medium terms based on certain form/genre terms

2. Mapping delimited MOP terms to 382 field 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Converting terms to singular Converting terms to authorized LCMPT form Identifying solo performers

Addition of $n or $e after each term Addition of $s Conversion of legacy 650 subject headings 650-to-382 algorithm (example) 650 _0 $a Sonatas (Violin and piano) Sonatas (Violin and piano) Violin and piano Violin|piano 382 _1 $2 lcmpt 382 _1 $a Violin $a piano $2 lcmpt

382 _1 $a Violin $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $2 lcmpt 382 _1 $a Violin $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt Conversion of legacy 650 subject headings Timeline (work done primarily by BCC Subject Access Subcommittee) Fall 2014 048-to-382 mapping created H1917.5 studied for 650 patterns and permutations

January-February 2015: 650-to-382 algorithm drafted Spring 2015 Refinement of 650-to-382 algorithm Drafting and refinement of 650-to-655 algorithm Summer-Fall 2015: testing, testing and more testing! Who? OCLC, LC, PCC, other willing institutions Following model of phased RDA conversion of LCNAF 2016 (??): Agencies begin using converter in production databases

Fate of existing LCSH headings LCSH likely to remain in score and sound recording records for some time to come LCGFT/LCMPT algorithm may never be perfect Discovery systems need time to catch up What about works about music? Not all LCSH music headings are appropriate for topical use Whats the granularity cutoff? Uncontrolled pattern headings

Fate of existing LCSH headings Types of topical music headings Topical only, per scope note and SHM Opera (vs. form heading Operas) Usable as topical or form Symphonic poems (presence of $x History and criticism signals topical use)

Usable as topical or medium Violin music How granular should topical music headings be? Headings qualified by language Songs, French Headings that combine form/genre and medium Concertos (Piano) (might be worth keeping) Suites (Bassoon, clarinet, trombones (2), double bass, percussion) (maybe not)

Headings qualified by Sacred/Secular Cantatas, Secular (or postcoordinate with Sacred music?) Stay tuned!! LCMPT and RDA Beth Iseminger Harvard University

Isnt this about genre and medium? Yes! but... Principle goal for LCMPT = access LCMPT also used for RDA medium of performance element = identification RDA and Medium of Performance RDA still contains instructions that prescribe how to identify certain mediums of performance

accompanying ensembles with one performer to a part solo instruments with accompanying ensemble orchestra/string orchestra/band (especially this one!) solo voices and choruses (and this one!) The JSC Music Working Group will be looking at revising at least some of these instructions in 2015, especially those that have closed lists of terms.

MLA Best Practices for RDA Best Practices for Use with RDA and MARC21 recommends: When recording medium for an access point, also record it as a separate element in the 382 field. When recording medium in a bib record, give the medium that corresponds to that particular expression. Differences Differences in LCMPT Best Practices and DCM Z1 DCM Z1 recommends adding $n for ensembles

DCM = LCs Descriptive Cataloging Manual, available in Catalogers Desktop LCMPT BPs recommend NOT adding $n for ensembles. MLA proposed $e for number of ensembles which was approved in January 2015. Difference in the 382 field for bib and authority records Authority 382 has no indicators for access Bib 382 has 2nd indicator for access/no access Goal is for these standards to be harmonized work in progress! Making Proposals Janis Young

Library of Congress LCMPT Submit proposals through the SACO Music Funnel New terms Revisions to existing terms LCGFT PSD will start to accept proposals later this year New terms Revisions to existing terms

Submit all proposals through the SACO Music Funnel? SACO Music Funnel For information about the funnel http://www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/saco/Music_Funnel.html Email Nancy Lorimer, funnel coordinator, at [email protected] Basic Requirements for Proposals Literary warrant A work that requires the term

Research showing usage and definitions that appear in reference sources, such as The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments The Oxford Dictionary of Music The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians Basic Requirements for Proposals Reference structure Variant forms (UFs), if any At least one hierarchical reference (BT) A scope note if considered necessary

Basic Requirements for Proposals For now, follow the general rules in the Subject Headings Manual, especially: H 306, Natural Language in Topical Subject Headings H 315, Foreign Terms H 357, Parenthetical Qualifiers in Subject Headings H 370 & 373, UF and BT references H 400, Scope Notes A separate manual for LCMPT and LCGFT is under development

By submitting proposals, you can help to maintain the viability of the vocabularies for future generations! Questions??

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Molecular Mechanism of Mutation

    Molecular Mechanism of Mutation

    Expressed as the number of mutations per biological unit i.e. mutations per cell division, per gamete per round of replication e.g. mutation rate for achondroplasia (hereditary dwarfism) is about 4 mutations per 100,000 gametes Mutation frequency: Incidence of a specific...
  • Q1 A small bucket of water warms up

    Q1 A small bucket of water warms up

    The specific heat capacity of aluminium is far greater than the SHC of lead. Take a 1 kg mass of each metal and compare the energy required to . increase its temperature by 1C. For lead: 130 J. For Aluminium:...
  • Accounting for Corporations Chapter 13 PowerPoint Editor: Beth

    Accounting for Corporations Chapter 13 PowerPoint Editor: Beth

    Corporate Form of Organization. Existence is separate from owners. An entity created by law. Has rights and privileges. C 1. A corporation is an entity created by law that is separate from its owners. It has most of the rights...
  • Karl Marx (1818  1883) was a German economist

    Karl Marx (1818 1883) was a German economist

    What is materialism? Karl Marx says… "The ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas…" "The ruling material force of society, is at the same time its ruling intellectual force." According to Marx, whoever owns the...
  • Sustainable Wastewater Management Danube Water Conference, Vienna 12-13

    Sustainable Wastewater Management Danube Water Conference, Vienna 12-13

    Sustainable . Wastewater . Management. Danube Water Conference, Vienna. 12-13 May, 2016. Mathieu de Kervenoael
  • Diapositive 1

    Diapositive 1

    Charles de Gaulle, né le 22 novembre 1890 à Lille, mort le 9 novembre 1970 à Colombey-les-Deux-Églises, est un général, résistant, écrivain et homme d'État français.
  • 18 MAY 2017 Bell Activity: Read through the

    18 MAY 2017 Bell Activity: Read through the

    revising & finishing your final drafts. no laptops "the highwayman" poems due . beginning of block . review for . ela exam. ela final exam (focus on poetry) submitting your best poem online. poetry for 2 voices . 30. 31....
  • The Loss of Acadia - Weebly

    The Loss of Acadia - Weebly

    The Loss of Acadia. Locate and copy out the following definitions: oath of allegiance, expulsion (not in book) Copy the following note into your book: The Battle Over Acadia. The government of France sometimes seemed to have forgotten about the...