Leisure at the International Scale Tourism What is the significance of the
tourism industry in the 21st century? Tourism is a complex social, cultural and economic phenomenon and one of the most significant global phenomena, not to say the world's largest industry as many claim.
We are increasingly mobile in the 21st century, making more and more trips. Our lives are defined by these trips. Tourism in its many different guises is central to our experience as human beings - you cant get away from it. The Olympics, climate change, poverty alleviation, sustainable development, place promotion and investment all the hot topics relate to tourism in one way or another. You simply
cant understand the world today without understanding tourism. Leisure - any freely chosen activity or experience that takes place in non-work time.
Machu Picchu Carrying capacity - the maximum number of visitors/participants that a
site/event can satisfy at one time. Primary tourist/recreational resources - the pre-existing attractions for tourism or recreation
(that is, those not built specifically for the purpose. Environmental carrying capacity - the maximum number before the local environment
becomes damaged. Perceptual carrying capacity - the maximum number before a specific group of visitors considers the level of impact, such as noise, to be
excesssive. Recreation - a leisure-time activity undertaken voluntarily and for enjoyment.
Resort - A settlement where the primary function is tourism. Sport
- A physical activity involving events and competitions at the national and international scale with professional participants. Tourism
- Travel away from home for at least a one night for the purpose of leisure. Subdivisions of tourism:
Ecotourism Tourism focusing on the natural environment and local communities.
Heritage tourism - Tourism based on a historic legacy (landscape feature, historic building or event) as its major attraction.
Sustainable tourism - Tourism that conserves primary tourist resources and supports the livelihoods and culture of local people.
On this site will be located the sleepy little fishing village of Puerta Alba. Safari.
Nude tourist. Mass tourism - an organized form of large-scale tourism, in which travel, accommodation and meals are booked and paid for in
advance. Leakage - refers to the money that escapes from a tourist destination and makes its way to other countries via
airline companies, hotel companies, MNCs, food importers etc. Rapid growth of tourism since 1950
mobility affluence advertising media coverage of exotic tourist destinations
mass tourism by TNCs reduction in cost improvements to facilities and infrastructure for tourists
Movie Butler Model
Butler Model 2 Butler model The Butler Model is a model of tourism that represents tourism as the life cycle of a resort. It depicts tourism as exploitation of a resource. There are
and from the 5th stage it either continues rising of falls into a decline. -Exploration - New land is discovered by a few people, not many people there yet
-Involvement - More people arrive and try to get involved to help develop this new destination -Development - This is when a lot of people are trying to build this new destination, at this point the destination is well habited -Consolidation - Tourists start to pour into the country to get first impressions
about it -Stagnation - Large numbers of tourists enter the country in this part of the model, the Butler model has reached its first peak Then once it finishes, the model can either go through
-Decline - People have found out that there is a lot of instability and are trying to leave the country before they are really badly affected by the decline -Rejuvenation - This is when measures are taken by the government and the This model is based on MEDC tourism
as it has to go through all of the stages. LEDC's however can be kick started by TNC's from MEDC's. Whereas Butlers Model describes the
carrying capacity of tourism in an area when tourism is market-driven the Hawkins Model attempts to take into account a broader set of factors.
The Hawkins Model Shows how the positive attitudes that may exist between tourists and local residents can change and become more negative as the threshold of the carrying capacity is reached.
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