Life Science - KATE

Life Science - KATE

Life Science Structure and Function in Living Science Structure & Function Living systems at all levels of organization demonstrate the complementary nature of structure and

function. Important levels of organization for structure and function include : cells tissues organs organ systems organisms (bacteria.

fungi, plants, animals) ecosystems Structure & Function The fundamental units of life are cells. All organisms are composed of cells. Most organisms are single cells other organisms such as plants and animals are multi-cellular.

Cells carry on the many functions needed to sustain life. They grow and divide, thereby producing more cells. This requires that they take in nutrients, which they use to provide energy for the work the cells do and to make materials that a cell or an organism needs. Structure & Function Specialized cells perform

specialized function in multicellular organisms. Groups of specialized cells cooperate to form tissues. Different tissues are,in turn, grouped together to form larger functional units called organs. Structure & Function Each type of cell,

tissue, and organ has a distinct structure and set of functions that serve the organisms. Regulation & behavior All organisms must be able to

obtain and use resources, grow, reproduce, and maintain stable internal conditions while living in a constantly changing external environment. Regulation & behavior

Regulation of an organisms internal environment involves sensing the internal environment and changing physiological activities to keep conditions within that range required to survive. Maintaining a stable internal environment is essential for an organisms survival.

Regulation & behavior Behavior is one kind of response an organism may make to an internal or environmental stimulus. A behavioral response an organism may make to an internal or environmental stimulus. A behavioral response requires coordination and communication

at many levels including cells organ systems, and organisms. Regulation & behavior Behavioral response is a set of actions determined in part by heredity and in part from experience. Reproduction and Heredity

Reproduction is a characteristics of all living systems and is essential to the continuation of every species. Some organisms reproduce asexually and other reproduce sexually. In species that reproduce sexually, include humans and plants, male and female sex cells carrying genetic information unite to begin to development of a new individual.

Reproduction & Heredity Every organism requires a set of instructions for specifying its traits. This information is contained in genes located in the chromosomes

of each cell. Heredity is the passage of these instructions from one generation to another. Diversity & Adaptations

of Organisms Biological change over time accounts for the diversity of species developed through gradual processes over many generation. Biological adaptations include changes in structures, behaviors, or physiology that enhance survival and reproductive success in a particular environment. Diversity & Adaptations of

Organisms Extinction of a species occurs when the environment changes and the adaptive characteristics of a species are insufficient at allow it survival. Extinction of species is common; most of the species that have lived on earth on longer exist. Review

Questions Important levels of organization for structure and function include what?? List 3 examples of organisms.

Maintaining a stable internal environmental is essential for an organism's _______. ________ is a set of actions determined in part by heredity and in part from experience.

In your own words, what is the definition of extinction?? What are the two ways to reproduce?? Question Answers

Cells Tissues Organs

Organ System Organisms Ecosystem Bacteria Protests Fungi Plants Animals Survival

Behavioral Response Extinction is a species that no longer exists. Asexually& sexually

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