#likeaBOSS

#likeaBOSS

#likeaBOSS I will read the prompt to figure out the TASK Im being asked to complete. I will read the prompt to figure out the AUDIENCE to whom Im writing. I will read the prompt to figure out the PURPOSE of my writing. I will do all of these things #likeaBOSS Be prepared: Open to the first free page in your classwork section of your spiral Have a pen or pencil Agenda

1. TAPping the PROMPT. 2. Quick Review for FPMA 2. T= Task A= Audience P= Purpose Todays focus #thisagain? #BOSSesdontcry TAP Explained Task: what the writer needs to focus on and do Audience: Who would read this Not always clear You might have to infer Presume an educated, mature audience if no clues are given. Purpose: The reason for writing -- informative or argumentative

#breakitdown #likeaBOSS Prompt 1 Determine the task, audience and purpose for the prompt. Write them on your paper. Write an informational essay to explain how advancements in 3-D technology can benefit society. Your ideas must be based on ideas, concepts, and information from the passage set. #killinit Prompt 1 TASK: Explain how 3D technology benefits society. AUDIENCE: PURPOSE: #yupyup #hanginthere >>

Prompt 1 TASK: Explain how 3D technology benefits society. AUDIENCE: Since there is no specific audience cited, Write it with your focus on an authority figure BUT explain it so that anyone will understand. PURPOSE: #yupyup Prompt 1 TASK: Explain how 3D technology benefits society. AUDIENCE: Since there is no specific audience cited, Write it with your focus on an authority figure BUT explain it so that anyone will understand. PURPOSE: Directly in the text it explains that this is an informational essay. #yupyup

Prompt 1 What would the claim look like? It so simple its so easy Three-dimensional technology will benefit society. #writingclaimslikeaBOSS Prompt 2 Determine the task, audience and purpose for the prompt. Write them on your paper. Write an informational essay to explain how music can unite people in uncommon circumstances or situations. Your ideas must be based on ideas, concepts, and information from the passage set. #itisntthatahardforaBOSS #learningstinks >>

Prompt 2 TASK: Explain how music can unite people in uncommon circumstances or situations. AUDIENCE: PURPOSE: #yupyup Prompt 2 TASK: Explain how music can unite people in uncommon circumstances or situations. AUDIENCE: Since there is no specific audience cited, Write it with your focus on an authority figure BUT explain it so that anyone will understand. PURPOSE: #yupyup Prompt 2

TASK: Explain how music can unite people in uncommon circumstances or situations. AUDIENCE: Since there is no specific audience cited, Write it with your focus on an authority figure BUT explain it so that anyone will understand. PURPOSE: Directly in the text it explains that this is an informational essay. #yupyup Prompt 2 What would the claim look like? It so simple its so easy Music can unite people in uncommon circumstances or situations. #writingclaimslikeaBOSS Prompt 3

Determine the task, audience and purpose for the prompt. Write them on your paper. Write an informational essay to explain how automotive transportation will change in the coming years. Your ideas must be based on ideas, concepts, and information from the passage set. #yougotthis #ifFPMA1wasagokart >> #crashandburn >> #stayfocused >> #youneedthis >> Prompt 3 TASK: Explain how automotive transportation will change in the coming years. AUDIENCE: PURPOSE:

Prompt 3 TASK: Explain how automotive transportation will change in the coming years. AUDIENCE: Since there is no specific audience cited, Write it with your focus on an authority figure BUT explain it so that anyone will understand. PURPOSE: #yupyup Prompt 3 TASK: Explain how automotive transportation will change in the coming years. AUDIENCE: Since there is no specific audience cited, Write it with your focus on an authority figure BUT explain it so that anyone will understand. PURPOSE: Directly in the text it explains that this is an informational essay. #yupyup

Prompt 3 What would the claim look like? It so simple its so easy Technology fundamentally will change automotive transportation in the coming years. #writingclaimslikeaBOSS Bad example: I think that people should seriously, like, spend more time fixing their grammar before they hit send. Revised example: Students benefit from spending more time editing before submitting their work. STOP using I and you!

Write in third person Exception: sometimes we is okay Dont overuse people One is not the only option! Specific alternatives: The reader or readers Audiences, listeners or viewers It is common knowledge that High school juniors Taking Out Personal Pronouns My face when you start a sentence with I think #overdone #justsayit

Bad example: So, why does gymnastics even matter? I mean, isnt it really limited to a specific body type anyway? Revised example: Gymnastics relevance is questionable to some people, since only a select few have the physical ability to meet its demands. Dont use words that reveal your age! Words to avoid:

texting abbreviations, emoticons, etc. Yeah, like Vague words: things, stuff, it Conversational words or transitions Actual questions (to self) Slang & Conversational Tone #growup >>> Bad example: It is really important that we do something about this. Our schools have a problem, and if something doesnt change, there will be problems. Revised example: It is critical that schools find a solution to this crisis. The American educational system is flawed, and

if both administrators and taxpayers refuse to address the situation, then our country could see low test scores for several generations. Replace vague words with specifics Avoid words used too often, even nouns or keywords Upgrade to a better synonym that makes you sound older Dont go too far: always using superlong, collegiate-sounding, multisyllabic words can backfire and sound pretentious. Synonym Upgrades My face when you use the same word 5 times in one paragraph #thesaurus #rilly?

Which sounds better? I think he took it? He stole it. I believe that grammar is important. Grammar matters. In my opinion, the Kardashians have no real talent and shouldnt be famous. The Kardashians lack any real talent; their fame was not earned. Cut out I think, I believe, and In my opinion/ My opinion is Use strong verbs Ideal: action verbs Less effective: being verbs

Is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been Confident, Active Word Choices Show some #sass. Examples: The United States refused to negotiate. Negotiations were rejected by the United States. Students earn their grades. Grades were earned by the students.

The judge made a decision. Use it when: You are confident in your answer Someone is taking responsibility Subject is doing the action Usually shorter & more direct anyway! Passive: A decision was made by the judge. Active Voice My face when your sentences get to the point #applause Examples: Mistakes were made.

Active: He made mistakes. Letters are being mailed. I mailed the letters. Grades were passed out. The teacher passed out grades. He was fired. Active: His boss fired him.

Typically longer and less direct Often has the word by Often uses being verbs Use it when: You want to avoid responsibility or blame You dont want to throw anyone under the bus You want to hide who did it Passive Voice My face when you take the long way to say it #ownit Bad example: It is important and critical that everyone involved should

immediately write down everything they have witnessed before they forget it. Revised example: It is important for witnesses to write down what they saw before they forget any details. Cut redundancy Cut unnecessary perfect tenses Cut adverbs and adjectives that arent needed (especially if they arent vivid or magical) Short, simple sentences in strategic moments for dramatic effect or emphasis. Get to the Point

My unimpressed face when you use FAR more words than needed to say something simple #notDickens #so1843 Words & Phrases Entire Sentences Use the basics Do NOT refer to yourself First, second, third, next In addition In conclusion, finally AND the better ones: However, rather, instead Therefore, moreover Next I will tell you about

My next point As I mentioned before Instead: Next, As previously mentioned, Formal Transitions My face when you label your next point instead of just saying it #spititout Bad: You might wonder, Why do Olympians choke under pressure? Dont ask yourself, wonder, etc. Dont literally ask a question, hypothetical or real Just state WHO wonders WHAT.

Better: Viewers may wonder why Olympians struggle under pressure. Are you asking or telling me? My face when you pose an actual question #writeinthirdperson #notnecessary #witheveryquestiona puppydies Bad example: Today I will teach you why Coke is better than Pepsi. Revised example: Coke is superior to Pepsi for three reasons.

Never talk directly about the (essay) writing itself. Avoid: In this essay, I will Today I am going to For my next point, I will tell you My next reason is that All of my reasons prove that This quote proves my thesis because Dont Talk About it

Just DO it! My face when you tell me what your essay will say instead of just saying it. #Nike #justdoit Bad: Smoking causes cancer. Better: There is a direct correlation between smoking and cancer. Bad: All marching band students get into Harvard. Better: Students in the arts have a higher tendency to be admitted into Ivy league schools. No word choices that are TOO extreme when they dont apply! Avoid: Any, always, never, must, etc.

Be careful with __ causes ___. Dont say things that cant be proven, are illogical, or are too difficult to believe. (You dont want to provoke someone into saying Really? or Prove it.) Avoiding Absolutes Tell me more about how you always are literally unable to get out of bed in the morning#really #yeahright These are NOT absolute rules, but they are guidelines that COULD vary by genre, purpose, or audience. Negatives

Dont use parentheses Avoid contractions Avoid jargon (vocabulary your audience will not know) Dont attack anyone Positives Cite facts first and then explain Acknowledge counterarguments Bonus Tips: Dead Giveaways What common advice have you noticed in all this advice? How can you tell if writing is formal or informal? When or why do you want to be able to write formally? Opinion: What would be a good synonym for formal writing?

REVIEW Questions This INTRODUCTION paragraph is from an essay about literacy. Reminders: 1. Slang and conversational word choices 2. Confident, active word choices 3. Active voice 4. Get to the point: Short sentences for dramatic effect 5. Upgrading your synonyms 6. Formal transitions 7. Taking out personal pronouns 8. Are you asking me, or are you telling me? 9. Dont talk about it just DO it. 10. Avoiding absolutes

People everywhere know that its like a crime to not send your kids to school. What people dont know is that sending a kid to school is not enough; they also need to read to children at home. Students who are not read to enough wont ever have lives as good as kids who read well. Early literacy is super important for learning vocabulary, getting reading skills, and building speaking fluency. Revision Paragraph #1 This INTRODUCTION paragraph is from an essay about the importance of teaching young children to read. Reminders: 1. Slang and conversational word

choices 2. Confident, active word choices 3. Active voice 4. Get to the point: Short sentences for dramatic effect 5. Upgrading your synonyms 6. Formal transitions 7. Taking out personal pronouns 8. Are you asking me, or are you telling me? 9. Dont talk about it just DO it. 10. Avoiding absolutes Most parents know that it is like a crime to not send their kids to school. However, parents may not know that a child merely attending school is not enough; caregivers also need to read to children at home. Students who are not read to enough are more likely to

suffer academically and financially in the long term, compared to kids who read well. Early literacy is super critical for acquiring vocabulary, developing reading skills, and building speaking fluency. Paragraph #1: REVISED This BODY paragraph is from a local letter to the editor about a tax levy on the ballot during an election season. (Do you remember what kinds of words to cut, avoid, or use?)

Second, voters need to understand that effects will indubitably be felt economically by homeowners if we do not comprehensively support our schools. It is proven that lowerachieving schools cause home values to drop. If you do not pay up now, you will lose money when your house sells for less (or no one wants to buy it at all). Stop being cheap and support the future of our children AND our neighborhood! Revision Paragraph #2 This BODY paragraph is from a local letter to the editor about a tax levy on the ballot during an election season.

(Do you remember what kinds of words to cut, avoid, or use?) In addition, voters need to understand that homeowners may also feel economic effects will indubitably be felt economically by homeowners if they do not financially support our schools now. It is proven that Lower-achieving schools tend to cause home values to drop because the area is less appealing to potential buyers. If voters choose not to invest in the short term, they risk long term loss of property value. Choose the best investment possible: our children AND our homes. Paragraph #2: REVISED

Get out one piece of your writing from this year. Pick something that is not well-edited or was written informally. 1. HIGHLIGHT any words, phrases, or entire sentences that could be upgraded to more formal language. 2. Revise those spots by adding, deleting, or replacing words. 3. Get at least one other person to look at your changes. Did you miss any spots? 4. Do you think you succeeded in making the writing more formal? Why or why not?

Now YOU try! 1. List at least 5 things to avoid in formal writing: 2. List at least 3 things that you SHOULD do in formal writing. 3. Revise these sentences to be more formal (such as for a formal email): So, I really think that you should buy my Girl Scout cookies? Theyre awesome (obviously), and they cause instant happiness. Theyre healthier than they used to be, and money from the sales will be spent by my troop to go on a super epic

canoeing trip. Mini Quiz 1. List at least 5 things to avoid in formal writing: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Contractions Passive voice Pretentious words Weak synonyms Redundancy and wordiness Personal pronouns

2. List at least 3 things that you SHOULD do in formal writing. 1. 2. 3. 4. Active voice Strong verbs and synonyms Get to the point Specifics/ no vague words 3. Revise these sentences to be more formal (such as for a formal email): Please consider purchasing Girl Scout cookies from Troop 100. This years options are delicious, and there is a correlation between the new

ingredients and a lift in mood. Many of the cookies have also dropped in calories and are comparatively more healthy than before. Troop 100 will use the proceeds for their annual canoe trip. Mini Quiz: Answer Key

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