Literary Devices - Dysart High School

Literary Devices - Dysart High School

Literary Devices A literary or linguistic technique that produces a specific effect, especially a figure of speech, narrative style, or plot mechanism. The means by which authors create meaning through language, and by which readers gain understanding of and appreciation for their works. Idiom - An expression that is not literal, it has another meaning. An expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression. It means something other

than what it actually says. Ex. Its raining cats and dogs. Hyperbole - Exaggeration often used for emphasis. It puts a picture into the "reader" mind. Hyperbole is frequently used in humorous writing. Example: You could have knocked me over with a feather. Hyperbole can emphasize a truth by exaggerating it. For example:

Here once the embattled farmers stood And fired the shot heard round the world. Ralph Waldo Emerson, "The Concord Hymn" METAPHOR - Compare/Contrast two nouns to one another. Metaphor is when you use two nouns and compare or contrast them to one another. Unlike

simile, you don't use "like" or "as" in the comparison. Examples I am a rainbow "I am a rainbow" is a example of metaphor because it is comparing two nouns, a person, and a rainbow, but does not use like or as. I am not Anger "I am not anger" is an example of metaphor because it is contrasting two nouns. Metaphor for a Family My family lives inside a medicine chest: Dad is the super-size band aid, strong and powerful but not always effective in a crisis. Mom is the middle-size tweezer, which picks and pokes and pinches.

David is the single small aspirin on the third shelf, sometimes ignored. Muffin, the sheep dog, is a round cotton ball, stained and dirty, that pops off the shelf and bounces in my way as I open the door. And I am the wood and glue which hold us all together with my love. By: Belinda SIMILE - Comparing two unlike nouns using like or as.

Simile is when you compare two nouns (persons, places or things) that are unlike, with "like" or "as. She is as beautiful as a sunrise. Read the following lines from "Concrete Mixers" by Patricia Hubbell. What two things is the poet comparing in this simile? How are they alike? Concrete mixers Move like elephants ALLITERATION - Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words

Tongue twisters rely on alliteration: If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick? CONSONANCE - Repeated consonant sound anywhere in the word. Similar to alliteration EXCEPT . . . The repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the words "The silken, sad, uncertain, rustling of each purple curtain . . . ASSONANCE - Repeated vowel sound

in a line or lines of poetry. Repeated VOWEL sounds in a line or lines of poetry. (Often creates near rhyme.) Lake Fate Base Fade (All share the long a sound.) Slow the low gradual moan came in the snowing. John Masefield

ONOMATOPOEIA - Words that imitate the sound they are naming. Buzz Snap Crackle Moo Cynthia in the Snow Gwendolyn Brooks It SHUSHES It hushes

The loudness in the road. It flitter-twitters, And laughs away from me. It laughs a lovely whiteness, And whitely whirs away, To be Some otherwhere, Still white as milk or shirts, So beautiful it hurts. IMAGERY - Language that appeals to the senses. Most images are visual, but they can also appeal to the senses of sound, touch, taste, or

smell. then with cracked hands that ached from labor in the weekday weather . . . from Those Winter Sundays ALLUSION -Language that refers to something famous or well-known the verb allude which means to refer to An allusion is a reference to something

famous. A tunnel walled and overlaid With dazzling crystal: we had read Of rare Aladdins wondrous cave, And to our own his name we gave. From Snowbound John Greenleaf Whittier PERSONIFICATION - Giving an animal or object life-like or human-like qualities.

Two Sunflowers Move in the Yellow Room. "Ah, William, we're weary of weather," said the sunflowers, shining with dew. "Our traveling habits have tired us. Can you give us a room with a view?" They arranged themselves at the window and counted the steps of the sun, and they both took root in the carpet where the topaz tortoises run. William Blake (1757-1827)

CONCRETE or SHAPE POEMS In concrete/shape poems, the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem. Poetry Is like Flames, Which are Swift and elusive Dodging realization

Sparks, like words on the Paper, leap and dance in the Flickering firelight. The fiery Tongues, formless and shifting Shapes, tease the imagination. Yet for those who see, Through their minds Eye, they burn Up the page. HAIKU A Japanese poem written in three lines. It is usually based upon nature. Five Syllables Seven Syllables

Five Syllables An old silent pond . . . A frog jumps into the pond. Splash! Silence again. The first soft snow falls! Just enough to bend the leaves Of the jonquil low. Diamante 1. Noun (beginning topic) 2. Adjective, Adjective (about beginning topic) 3. Gerund, Gerund, Gerund (ing words about beginning topic) 4. Four nouns -OR- a short phrase (about both beginning and ending topics) 5. Gerund, Gerund, Gerund (ing words about ending topic)

6. Adjective, Adjective (about ending topic) 7. Noun (ending topic not the same as first) Monsters Creepy, sinister, Hiding, lurking, stalking, Vampires, mummies, werewolves, and more Chasing, pouncing, eating, Hungry, scary, Creatures CINQUAIN A five line poem containing 22 syllables Usually Two Syllables Usually Four Syllables Usually Six Syllables

Usually Eight Syllables Usually Two Syllables Jaguar Harmful, fast Runs, roars, attacks Prey struggling for life Deadly Here is how you write a cinquain. Cinquains have a definite number of words or syllables on each of its five lines and a purpose, or formula for each line. One way of creating a cinquain is to follow this pattern: Line 1 - 1 word giving the title - usually 2 syllables Line 2 - 2 words describing the title - usually 4 syllables Line 3 - 3 words expressing an action - usually 6 syllables

Line 4 - 2 words expressing a feeling - usually 8 syllables Line 5 - another word for the title - usually 2 or 3 syllables Example: RHYME SCHEME A rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always). Use the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually see the pattern. (See next slide for an example.) RHYME SCHEME A rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme (usually end There's several ways to make things rhyme in a poem

First Example a. I love the sun, a. Because it's fun, b. Then I drink tea, b. As you can see. Second Example a. Walking away b. In the rain, a. Staying one day, b. Is in vain. SAMPLE RHYME SCHEME

The Germ by Ogden Nash A mighty creature is the germ, Though smaller than the pachyderm. His customary dwelling place Is deep within the human race. His childish pride he often pleases By giving people strange diseases. Do you, my poppet, feel infirm? You probably contain a germ.

a a b b c c a a

Share the books at your table and find as many examples of each type of poem as well as examples of the literary devices we discussed. This is worth 25 POINTS TOTAL. Write your full name and teacher's name. = 1 point Record the book, the poem title, and page on which you found the poem on your paper for 8 different poems. Note what type of poem or literacy device was used: Haiku, concrete, simile, metaphor, etc. You may find no more than 2 examples of each devise or poem. 3 points for each of the 8 examples = 24 totals Also, look for for a poem that you can individually

or with a partner share with the class. My name is _______________ The name of this poem is ____________ by ______________ and is from the book ________________ It is an example of __________________

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