Macbeth Introduction

Macbeth Introduction

Macbeth Introduction Written by William Shakespeare in 1605 Macbeth is a man who overthrows the rightful King of Scotland Shakespeare wrote Macbeth at the beginning of King James I reign Before James succeeded Elizabeth I he was king of Scotland Placing the play in James homeland probably pleased him

1 Will the real Macbeth please stand up? Macbeth was a real king of Scotland, but his real story is quite different from the play. He actually did kill a King named Duncan Reigned from 1040-1057 Unlike the Macbeth in Shakespeares play The real Macbeth had a legitimate claim to the throne

The real Macbeth was a strong leader The real Macbeths reign was successful The real Macbeth was killed at Lumphanan as opposed to Dunsinane 2 BBC WEBSITE: hHistory of the real man, Macbeth (versus Shakespeares character portrayal of a fictional Macbeth). ttp://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/macbeth.shtml Macbeth was a king of the Scots whose rule was marked by efficient government and the promotion of Christianity, but who is best known as the murderer and usurper in William Shakespeare's tragedy. Shakespeare's

Macbeth bears little resemblance to the real 11th century Scottish king. Mac Bethad mac Findlich, known in English as Macbeth, was born in around 1005. His father was Finlay, Mormaer of Moray, and his mother may have been Donada, second daughter of Malcolm II. A 'mormaer' was literally a high steward of one of the ancient Celtic provinces of Scotland, but in Latin documents the word is usually translated as 'comes', which means earl. In August 1040, he killed the ruling king, Duncan I, in battle near Elgin, Morayshire. Macbeth became king. His marriage to Kenneth III's granddaughter Gruoch

strengthened his claim to the throne. In 1045, Macbeth defeated and killed Duncan I's father Crinan at Dunkeld. For 14 years, Macbeth seems to have ruled equably, imposing law and order and encouraging Christianity. In 1050, he is known to have travelled to Rome for a papal jubilee. He was also a brave leader and made successful forays over the border into Northumbria, England. In 1054, Macbeth was challenged by Siward, Earl of Northumbria, who was attempting to return Duncan's son Malcolm Canmore, who was his nephew, to the throne. In August 1057, Macbeth was killed at the Battle of Lumphanan in Aberdeenshire by 3

Malcolm Canmore (later Malcolm III). This is a play full of TRAGEDY Macbeth is one of Shakespeares most famous tragedies (it is also his shortest). Aside from the violent nature of the plot, Shakespeare uses several literary devices to enhance the feeling of evil. He

creates a serious and sinister mood by having most of the play take place at night. There is a heavy emphasis on the supernatural (witches, dreams, spells, and ghosts). 4 Macbeth Act 1 - Scene 1 Witches - Supernatural influences Fair being Foul - Paradox King Duncan - Scotland Duncans sons- Malcolm and Donaldbain

Generals - Macbeth and Banquo Thunder , lightning , and rain - sense of doom 5 Macbeth Act 1 - Scene 2 Macdonaldwalds rebellion Ross tells Duncan of Norways rebellion - King of Norway - Sweno Thane of Cawdor rebels against Duncan Scotland wins - Macbeth gets title Thane of Cawdor - THE SPOILS OF WAR

Macbeth and Banquo - Two spent swimmers 6 Macbeth Act 1 Scene 3 The witches first prophesy has come true - Thane of Cawdor Macbeth - So foul and fair a day , I have not seen - recalls witches first scene Banquo - The instrument of darkness tell us truths - only to betray us

7 Macbeth Act 1 Scene 4 Execution of Cawdor You cant tell what is in a persons heart by looking at his face Nothing in his life became him like the leaving of it Duncan- Malcolm to be King Macbeth- Let not light see my black and deep desires 8

Macbeth Act 1 Scene 5 Macbeths home - Castle of Inverness Lady Macbeth comes up with plan to kill Duncan - Husband weak The milk of human kindness Lady Macbeth - Must pour spirits in their ear. (Hamlet killed that way) 9 Macbeth Act 1 Scene 6 Lady

Macbeth - chameleon - perfect hostess Duncans speech full of dramatic irony - castle pleasant - air is sweeter sees a martlet (a summer bird) to Duncan the castle appears to be a paradise 10 Macbeth Act 1 Scene 7 LadyMacbeth - convinces Macbeth to do the horrid deed

Macbeths Soliloquy - marked by confusion Duncan - Kinsman and his subject , a good King and virtuous man , a popular King , and death would bring sorrow to Scotland Lady Macbeth Argument- What could have been when he can be King - Would kill her own baby to do this 11 Macbeth Act 2 Scene 1 Past midnight - Moon has set and the

Candles of heaven cannot be seen - dark brooding Banquo draws sword - irony doesnt know Macbeth is going to kill Duncan Dagger Speech - Mental disturbance Is this a dagger which I see before me,The handle toward my hand? Macbeth, 2.1.423 12 Macbeth Act 2 Scene 2 Lady Macbeth - That which have made

them drunk, hath made me bold, What hath quenched them have given me fire Drunk with boldness and on fire with passion Lady Macbeth -would have murdered Duncan had he not looked like her father Macbeth has two concerns - he has murdered sleep , bloodiness of deed Lady Macbeth - blood is only like paint wash it off 13 Scene 2 Knocking

- knocking of their consciences actual knock With all great Neptunes ocean wash this blood Clean from my hand?Macbeth, 2.2.789 14 Macbeth Act 2 Scene 3 Porter - light comedy farmer and equivocator have specific religious and historical connotations

A few months before Macbeth performed - Gunpowder plot - King James Guy Fawkes and John Garnett (nickname the farmer) Lennox - extraordinary weather unnatural events - The universe and events related 15 Scene 3 Equivocation - The practice of lying in court about ones religion Lady Macbeth faints when Macbeth proclaims he has killed the guards avenge the act of treasonous malice

- not in the plan Malcolm - England Donalbain - Ireland 16 Scene 3 Macbeth says he has killed servants Lady Macbeth faints Macbeth and other Thanes swear to meet in manly rediness to avenge this act of treasonous malice Theres daggers in mens smiles Donaldbain - Ireland Malcolm - England

17 Macbeth Act 2 Scene 4 Macbeth has become King Donaldbain and Malcolm have fled Old Man - Traditional figure in lit represents what has been owl kills falcon - daylight has been replaced by night - horses of the Kings stable have eaten each other The world he has known has been turned on its head 18

Macbeth Act 3 Scene 1 Banquo suspects Macbeth - gains comfort from 2nd prediction - his own children will be Kings Even with new title Macbeth does not feel at ease calls murderers dogs but he shows his inhumanity and imperfections also wants to kill Fleance 19 Act 3 Scene 2 Macbeth

plans murder not Lady Macbeth Macbeth and Lady Macbeths world not at peace Macbeth wants to get rid of his bond with humanity We have scorched the snake, not killed it.Macbeth, 3.2.15 Duncan is in his grave; After lifes fitful fever he sleeps well.Macbeth, 3.2.24 5 20 Act 3 Scene 3 Banquo

killed - Murderers lantern extinguished - Fleance escapes Forces of darkness are at odds with light Murderers capable of poetry Escape of Fleance turning point Peripeteia - sudden reversal of fortune Banquos dying words to revenge 21 Act 3 Scene 4 Macbeth

has Thanes of Scotland over - Macduff not there Murderers tell Macbeth what happened - Macbeth losses it Macbeth sees ghost - goes into a fit Macbeth has lost control Macbeth will kill Macduff and visit three sisters It will have blood, they say: blood will have blood. Macbeth, 3.4.15253 22 Act 3 Scene 5 Hecate

joins three sisters Some say this scene was not in the orginal play 23 Act 3 Scene 6 Lennox reveals doubts about Macbeth - Did he kill the guards hastily? Macduff has fled to England to join forces with Malcolm also asks help

from King Edward of England 24 Macbeth Act 4 Scene 1 Double, double, toil and trouble; Fire burn, and cauldron bubble. Witches, 4.1.101 Macbeth goes to weird sisters and demands to be shown apparitions of the future 1. disembodied head of a warrior who warns Macbeth of revenge

2. blood-covered child who cannot be killed by any man of woman born 25 3. a child wearing a crown promises Macbeth cannot lose in battle until Birnam wood moves to Dunsinane Macbeth asks about Banquos sons and sees a procession of Banquo and future kings Macbethless future Macduff has fled to England and Macbeth announces revenge of

Macduffs wife and children Ill make assurance double sure. Macbeth, 4.1.93 26 Act 4 Scene 2 Lady Macduff feels Macduff has acted dishonestly Son says the world is full of dishonest men 27

Act 4 Scene 3 At one fell swoop.Macduff, 4.3.256 Malcolm tests Macduffs loyalty - says he would be a great tyrant - reverse psychology Macduff still hates Macbeth - Malcolm has gotten what he wants Macduffs loyalty Ross tells him of the slaughter of wife and child - Macduff vows revenge 28 Macbeth Act 5 Scene 1

Out, damned spot! out, I say!Lady Macbeth, 5.1.31 All the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand. Lady Macbeth, 5.1.467 Whats done cannot be undone. Lady Macbeth, 5.1.623 Played in dark except one candle Lady Macbeth has gone mad sleepwalks and tells fragments of events 29 overheard

by doctor and lady-in- waiting Lady Macbeth is seen rubbing her hands - (quotes at the beginning) Lady Macbeth needs a divine Spiritual darkness - 1 candle 30 Macbeth Act 5 Scene 2 Four lords of Scotland - Lennox,

Mentith, Angus, and Caithness resolve to join Malcolm and English forces who are at Birnam Wood Caithness speech - warrior hero valiant fury - but not righteous - Distemperd Cause 31 Macbeth Act 5 Scene 3 Macbeth dismisses reports of invasion ( confident tyrant) Trusts the prophecies Servant ( cream faced lilly livered)

announces huge army Doctor tells of Lady Macbeth yellow leaf - fall of his own reputation 32 Macbeth Act 5 Scene 4 English and Scotish armies under leadership of Malcolm meet at Birnam Wood Malcolm orders soldiers to cut a branch and carry it in front of them as camouflage To shadow the

number of our host taken from Holinsheds Chronicles 1577 33 Macbeth Act 5 Scene 5 Macbeth fully armed - brave rhetoric shriek offstage - The queen is dead Birnam Wood appears to have uprooted itself advancing towards Dunsinane Shakespeare - Power-seeking tyrants tend toward self-destruction I have supped full with horrors.

Macbeth, 5.5.14 - Banquos ghost Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow.Macbeth, 5.5.21 34 Macbeth Act 5 Scene 6 Malcolm and his troops have reached Dunsinane Siward first to advance - age Macduff order of troops- discipline harbinger or sign of what is to come 35

Macbeth Act 5 Scene 7 Macbeth challenged by son of Siward Macbeths forces have surrendered Dunsinane Castle They have tied me to a stake: I cannot fly kills young Siward - Thou wast born of woman Macduff - ironic timing- takes place of Siward 36 Macbeth Act 5 Scene 8

Macbeth and Macduff finally face to face words are tossed Macbeth ponders suicide but hey I cant die Macduff tells him he entered the world Untimely rippd from mothers womb Macbeth realizes witches are imperfect speakers Macbeth dies 37

Macbeth Act 5 Scene 9 Malcolm proclaimed new king of Scotland true friends we miss loyalty he will rule with graciousness and humility Macduff enters with Macbeths head 38 Lets start reading! YouTube

Link: Conclusion and summary of Macbeth: https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=eWVEGqyqNjI 39 Final Thoughts YouTube Link #1: 1) Conclusion and summary of Macbeth: https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=eWVEGqyqNjI YouTube

Link #2: 2) Context of the Play + Major Themes: https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=rD5goS69LT4 40

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