Marksville - crt.state.la.us

Marksville - crt.state.la.us

Learn about Louisianas Past through Archaeology Los Adaes 1721 to 1773 Library of Congress Control Number 2003623128 Los Adaes French map of the Mississippi River and Gulf of Mexico, 1701 Los Adaes

Los Adaes (A.D. 1721-1773) Spanish fort in west Louisiana Served as capital of the province of Texas from A.D. 1729 to 1768 Daily life on the frontier Rare cultural exchange between Spanish, French, and Caddo Descendants of the people from Los Adaes live in area today Caddo Chief (Homer Thrall)

French Colonial soldier (Canadian War Museum) Spanish Colonial soldier (NPS-San Antonio Missions) Los Adaes Natchitoches New Spain 1757, Courtesy of Library of Congress g3300 ar007601

Los Adaes Mexico City Map of North America, 1757 Los Adaes St. Denis founds Natchitoches A.D. 1714 Los Adaes is built A.D. 1721 de Soto expedition in Louisiana A.D. 1542

Pre-European Contact Period A.D. 1400-1500 A.D. 1400 A.D. 1500 Renaissance Period begins in Italy A.D. 1400 Columbus in the New World

A.D. 1492 Ponce de Leon discovers Florida A.D. 1513 LaSalle claims Louisiana for France A.D. 1682 Louisiana Purchase A.D. 1803

Colonial Period A.D. 1500 -1803 A.D. 1600 Scientific Revolution begins in Europe A.D. 1600 A.D. 1700

A.D. 1800 American Revolution begins A.D. 1775 Age of Enlightenment begins in Europe A.D. 1700 Timeline of events from A.D. 1400 to A.D. 1803 Treaty of Paris Revolutionary War

ends A.D. 1784 Los Adaes Historical Records Artifacts What do they tell us ? Aerial photograph by Tommy Hailey; illustration by Sergio Palleroni Los Adaes

Los Adaes site drawn on aerial photograph Photograph by Paco Link; Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas at Austin Los Adaes Architectural plan of fort at Los Adaes Los Adaes Crops

Chapel Guard House Governors House Soldiers Barracks Soldiers Barracks Gun Powder House What Los Adaes looked like while in use

Illustration by Sergio Palleroni Officers Barracks Los Adaes GPR data by Marco J. Giardino, NASA (retired) Photograph by Jeff Girard Ground penetrating radar (GPR) at Los Adaes

Photograph from Pete Gregory, Northwestern State University Los Adaes Excavation of a kitchen area at Los Adaes Los Adaes Photographs by George Avery Dry screening at tree stump (1996)

Water Screening (1996) Screening for artifacts at Los Adaes Los Adaes Artifacts at Los Adaes (A.D. 1721-1773) American Indians in area long before Europeans Military and daily activities at Los Adaes Cultural exchange between Spanish, French, and Caddo Los Adaes

Paleoindian Period Colonial Period Photographs by George Avery Stone points from Los Adaes Los Adaes Lockplate

Vise Screw Frizzen Photograph by Goerge Avery Spanish gun parts from Los Adaes Drawings by Melinda Parrie; Photograph by Dana Williams Upper Vise Jaw Drawings by Jay Blaine and Melinda Parrie

Los Adaes Photograph by George Avery French gun parts from Los Adaes Los Adaes Photograph by Don Sepulvado Drawing by Melinda Parrie

Spanish coin from Los Adaes Los Adaes Photograph by George Avery Hole French coin from Los Adaes Los Adaes

Photograph by George Avery European glass trade beads from Los Adaes Los Adaes H.B. Wright; Louisiana State Exhibit Museum, Shreveport 1 Musket = 30 deerskins 5 ball shot with gunpowder = 1 deerskin 6 gunflints = 1 deerskin

1 belt knife = 2 deerskins 1 axe or 1 hoe = 8 deerskins 1 hatchet = 5 deerskins 1 large bell = 6 deerskins 6 small bells = 1 deerskin 1 metal bracelet = 1 deerskin 1 trade shirt = 8 deerskins 1 1/3 yards of cloth = 20 deerskins Trade between Indians and Europeans Los Adaes

Mexican ceramic (photograph by George Avery) French ceramic (photograph by Don Sepulvado) Mexican (left) and French (right) ceramics from Los Adaes Los Adaes 0

1 2 3 4 5 cm

Photograph by George Avery Caddo pottery piece from Los Adaes Los Adaes Photograph by Don Sepulvado Nearly complete Indian bowl from Los Adaes Los Adaes

Photographs by Don Sepulvado Religious medals (left) and charms from Los Adaes Los Adaes Photographs by Don Sepulvado Everyday artifacts from Los Adaes: fork, thimble and scissors Los Adaes

Photographs by Don Sepulvado Iron nails and wrought iron hook from Los Adaes Los Adaes Texas Beyond History, Texas Archeological Research Laboratory, University of Texas at Austin Los Adaes and Archaeology Photograph by Louisiana State Parks

Los Adaes Los Adaes State Historic Site Los Adaes 1721 to 1773 This presentation is one in a series of modules about Louisiana archaeology. Each module has a PowerPoint presentation and associated student activities. The series is called Learn about Louisianas Past through Archaeology. This presentation is intended for educational use. Please use image credits where provided. Please visit the Division of Archaeology website for additional teaching materials and educational resources at: http://www.crt.la.gov/archaeology/ (select Discover Archaeology).

Presented by: Louisiana Division of Archaeology Office of Cultural Development Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism Office of the Lieutenant Governor Baton Rouge, Louisiana This project was made possible through the Governor's Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness (GOHSEP) and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) as part of implementing the Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Grant Program for Hurricane Katrina recovery. Louisiana Division of Archaeology 2016

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