Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers

Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers

Materials Research & Education: Looking Back, Racing Forward Zakya H. Kafafi Director, Division of Materials Research (DMR) National Science Foundation Where are we? Where are we going? MRS Spring Meeting April 14, 2009 San Francisco, CA Outline of Talk Outlook on NSF Budget Introduction to DMR Staff Career Opportunities in DMR DMR Programs and Budget Distribution * Large Facilities & Instrumentation * Research Centers * Individual and Group Investigators * Special Programs (International, Outreach, etc.) Future of DMR A Snapshot of NSF Budget FY 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Signed on 2/17/09 by President Obama

FY 2009 Budget: Omnibus appropriations bill passed by Congress last Month FY 2010 Congressional Request: Under development, expected to be delivered in early May FY 2011 Congressional Request: Planning process begins this spring American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) NSF Awarded $3 Billion $2.5 B - Research and Related Activities * $300 M for Major Research Instrumentation Program ( FY2008: $94M) * $200 M for Academic Research Infrastructure Program ( dormant since FY 1996) $100 M - Education and Human Resources * $60 M to the Noyce Teacher Scholarship Program (FY2008: $11M) * $25 M to the Math and Science Partnerships Program (FY2008: $49 M) * $15 M to a Professional Masters Science Program authorized in the America COMPETES Act $400 M - Major Research Equipment & Facilities Construction

(MREFC) Program (FY2008: $205 M) to accelerate the construction of major research facilities with unique capabilities at the cutting edge of science American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) During the ARRA signing ceremony, President Obama said that "this investment will ignite our imagination once more, spurring new discoveries and breakthroughs that will make our economy stronger, our nation more secure and our planet safer for our children." Guiding principles for funds use: * Increase funding rates (and size) of proposals * Support investigators early in their careers with focus on Under-represented Majority * Provide for shovel ready projects NSF spending plan must be approved by OMB and Congress Goal is quick deployment of funds (spend by the end of FY2009) FY 2009 NSF Request R&RA EHR MREFC AOAM (S&E) National Science Board Office of Inspect. General Total, NSF T otals may not add due to rounding.

FY 2008 Actual $4,821.47 725.60 220.74 281.79 3.97 11.43 $6,065.00 FY 2009 Request $5,593.99 790.41 147.51 305.06 4.03 13.10 $6,854.10 Change over FY 2008 Estimated Amount Percent $772.52 16.0% 64.81 8.9% -73.23 -33.2%

23.27 8.3% 0.06 1.5% 1.67 14.6% $789.10 13.0% FY 2009 NSF Request (R&RA) (Dollars in Millions) BIO CISE ENG (incl. SBIR/STTR) GEO MPS SBE OCI OISE OPP IA US Arctic Research Comm. Total, NSF Totals may not add due to rounding. FY 2008 Estimate $612.02 534.53

636.87 752.66 1,167.31 215.13 185.33 41.34 442.54 232.27 1.47 $4,821.47 FY 2009 Request $675.06 638.76 759.33 848.67 1402.67 233.48 220.08 47.44 490.97 276.00 1.53 $5,593.99 Change over FY 2008 Estimated Amount Percent

$63.04 10.3% 104.23 19.5% 122.46 19.2% 96.01 12.8% 235.36 20.2% 18.35 8.5% 34.75 18.8% 6.10 14.8% 48.43 10.9% 43.73 18.8% 0.06 4.1% $772.52 16.0% America COMPETES Act (ACA) Signed in August 9, 2007 America Competitiveness Initiative (ACI) went out with the Bush Administration ACI was aimed at doubling the budget for NSF (also NIST and

BES) over 10 years with focus on critical physical sciences America COMPETES (Creating Opportunities to Meaningfully Promote Excellence in Technology, Education and Science) Act is law authorizing specific funding but not appropriating actual funds ACA calls for doubling NSF (also NIST and BES) budget in 7 years. Emphasis is on a balance across scientific disciplines and science education, not the physical sciences alone FY 2009 Budget National Science Foundation (Dollars in Millions) R&RA EHR MREFC AOAM (S&E) National Science Board Office of Inspect. General Total, NSF T otals may not add due to rounding. FY 2008 Actual $4,821.47 725.60 220.74 281.79 3.97 11.43 $6,065.00

FY 2009 Actual $5,183.10 845.26 152.01 294.00 4.03 12.00 $6,490.40 Change over FY 2008 Actual Amount Percent $361.63 7.5% 119.66 16.5% -68.73 -31.1% 12.21 4.3% 0.06 1.5% 0.57 5.0% $425.40 7.0% st :

e u q Re F S N B, 4 5 8 $6. % +13.0 National Science Foundation Budget Profile Discretionary budget authority in billions of dollars 10 8 6 In addition, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act includes $3B Projections Actual, including emergencies 5.6

5.9 6.1 2007 2008 6.5 7.0 4 2 0 2006 2009 2010 Division of Materials Research (DMR) OFFICE of the DIVISION DIRECTOR Zakya Kafafi Division Director

Ulrich Strom Executive Officer (Acting) Manager Lorretta J. NeilaPriya Odom-Jefferson Denise My Di Hundley Le Baliga Hopkins Senior Operations Specialist Division STEP STEP Student Staff Associate Secretary Student Program Support Carol Savory-HeflinDenese Logan Analyst Administrative Unit

Senior Program Assistants Bill Daniels Specialist Deborah E. Dory Renee Ivey Shirley Millican Bernie Trumble Program Directors Condensed Matter & Materials Theory (CMMT) Daryl W. Hess Michael A. Lee Mark R. Marco Fornari John Mintmire Kent Michigan State U. U.Oklahoma Pederson Central State

Solid-State & Materials Chemistry (SSMC) Dave L. Nelson Linda AkbarSapochak Montaser George Washington Polymers (POL)U. Condensed Matter Physics (CMP) Wendy Fuller-Mora RoyVACANT Goodrich Andrew J. Lovinger Freddy Khoury Biomaterials (BMAT) Oscar O. Bernal Udo Pernisz Dow Corning

David A. Brant Joseph A. Akkara Satyendra Kumar VACANT Kent State U. Ceramics (CER) Lynnette D. Madsen Electronic Materials (EM) LaVerne D. Hess Z. Charles Ying Metals (MET) Harsh AlanD.J.Chopra Ardell Bruce A. MacDonald SUNY Materials Research Science & Engineering Centers (MRSEC)

William Brittain Thomas P. Rieker Maija M. Kukla Rama Bansil Boston U. Office of Special Programs (OSP) Danielle Carmen Finotello I. Huber Uma Venkateswaran Instrumentation for National Facilities Materials Research (IMR) (NAF) Charles Bouldin Sean L. Jones Univ. Florida Guebre X. Tessema Division of Materials Research (DMR)

OFFICE OF THE DIVISION DIRECTOR Manager Zakya Kafafi Division Director Carmen I. Huber Neila Odom-Jefferson Executive Officer Operations Specialist (Acting) Priya Baliga STEP Student My Di Le STEP Student Carol Savory-Heflin Program Support Denese Logan Analyst ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT Senior Program Assistants Bill Daniels

Specialist Deborah E. Dory Renee Ivey Shirley Millican Bernie Trumble Program Directors Biomaterials (BMAT) Joseph A. Akkara Ceramics (CER) David A. Brant Condensed Matter & Materials Theory (CMMT) Lynnette D. Madsen Marco Fornari Central Michigan U. Condensed Matter Physics (CMP) Oscar O. Bernal Cal State U. L.A.

Wendy Fuller-Mora Metallic Materials and Nanostructures (MMN) Alan J. Ardell Bruce MacDonald Daryl W. Hess John Mintmire Oklahoma State Electronic and Photonic Materials (EPM) LaVerne D. Hess Udo Pernisz Dow Corning Polymers (POL) Freddy Khoury Andrew J. Lovinger Z. Charles Ying

Instrumentation for Mat Research (IMR) Charles Bouldin Sean L. Jones Univ. Florida National Facilities (NAF) Guebre X. Tessema Materials Research Science & Engineering Centers (MRSEC) Rama Bansil Boston U. William Brittain Solid-State & Materials Chemistry (SSMC) Office of Special Programs (OSP) Linda Sapochak Danielle Finotello Kent State U.

Thomas P. Rieker Link to DMR Vacancies Career Opportunities at DMR FY 2009 Budget Request by Division Mathematical and Physical Sciences Funding (Dollars in Millions) FY 2009 Change over FY 2008 Estimated Request Amount FY 2007 FY 2008 Actual Actual

$215.39 $217.90 $250.01 $32.15 14.8% Chemistry 191.22 194.62 244.67 50.45 26.0% Materials Research 257.27 262.54 324.59

64.37 24.7% Mathematical Sciences 205.74 211.75 245.70 33.91 16.0% Physics 248.47 251.64 297.70 47.18 18.8% 32.64

32.67 40.00 7.30 22.3% $1,150.73 $1,171.12 $1,402.67 $235.36 20.2% Astronomical Sciences Multidisciplinary Activities Total, MPS Totals may not add due to rounding. FY09 Final$6,490.40 FY08 Enacted....................$6,065.00 FY09 Budget Request...$6,854.10 Compare w/ FY08 Enacted (+7%).+$425.40 Compare w/FY09 Request (-5.3%).-$363.70

: NSF , 4B 5 8 . 6 $ % +13.0 Percent FY 2008 Overall MPS Funding Rate: 27% MPS Racing Forward Substantial increase in budget will allow DMR to: Increase # and size of PI grants Start new centers & institutes to enable focus on transformative, interdisciplinary, global materials research & education effort Expand investments in workforce development, especially at the junior rank while broadening participation for women, minorities and scientists with disabilities Develop new educational & outreach activities DMR Support for Materials Research & Education

($ 262.54 M in FY08) MRSECs 23% NSECs STCs 3% 3% Individuals and Groups 45% Other 3% Facilities 19% Instrumentation 4% DMR Budget* for Materials Research & Education ($277.14 M in FY 2008) MRSECs 21% NSECs STCs 3%

3% Individuals and Groups 43% Other 3% Facilities 18% * Includes $14.6 M MRI Instrumentation 9% Stewardship: DMR Facilities 536 users $ 42M ~ 6000 users annually ~290 Users ~480 users 3564 users ~1000 Users FY 2008 Budget Distribution for Facilities

ChemMatCARS $0.3M SRC $4.95M NNIN $2.55M CHESS $6.79M ChemMatCARS CHRNS $3.50M CHESS CHRNS NHMFL NHMFL $26.5M NNIN SRC DMR Facilities Major Challenges Facility operating costs are borne by DMR I. Stewardship of the NHMFL

DMR currently provides ~95% of NSF funding Serving an increasingly broad user community Partnership is essential ! II. Stewardship of Future Light Source Facilities? Future of University-Based Synchrotron Facilities? MPS Advisory Light Source Panel Report November 6, 2008 MPS Advisory Panel on Light Source Facilities Charge to Panel The Panel was charged to provide guidance to the Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences regarding future NSF stewardship and/or partnership in support of future coherent light source facilities and instrumentation. Asked to advise on all possible outcomes No hidden agenda; wanted informed community input Not seeking guidance for any specific facility or proposal Context 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Science drivers in research fields likely to use major light source facilities Potential for interagency, private sector, and international partnership DOE and other federal agency plans Education and future workforce needs Multidisciplinary nature of the anticipated user communities Budget outlook and balance for NSF, MPS and DMR NSFs responsibility to maintain appropriate balance at all levels among funding modes, including individual & group investigators, centers, instrumentation and major facilities NSF Light Source Panel Report The science case for coherent light sources is not debatable Venky Narayanamurti, Chair of the Light Source Panel Recommendations The United States needs to move more aggressively in this new area NSF plays a stewardship role in the design, construction and operation of university-based 4th generation light sources

NSF stewardship must reflect the breadth of the science and engineering and must therefore involve multiple Directorates and Divisions, and partnership with other agencies Continue active user research programs where next-generation light source R&D work is being pursued Concurrently support university-based research on advanced concepts (table top sources) for light sources Towards NSF Stewardship Role in Coherent Light Sources Support site-independent and technology neutral R&D for Coherent Light Sources (CLS) Use the expertise and infrastructure at existing light source facilities, as springboards for 4th generation light source technology R&D Explore intra- and inter-agency partnerships/coordination for technology selection Possibly conduct an open competition for siting and construction of a CLS DMR Budget* for Materials Research & Education ($277.14 M in FY 2008)

MRSECs 21% NSECs STCs 3% 3% Individuals and Groups 43% Other 3% Facilities 18% * Includes $14.6 M MRI Instrumentation 9% Instrumentation for Materials Research (IMR)* and Major Research Instrumentation (MRI)** IMR supports instrumentation grants for equipment larger than that in programmatic awards MRI supports even larger equipment grants, $100K to $4M Both programs support acquisition and development awards for instrumentation MRI limited to 2 acquisition and 1 development proposals per institution per year. IMR limited to one per PI and one as co-PI

30% cost sharing required in MRI, no cost sharing requirement in IMR. * No solicitation in FY2009 (Division of Materials Research) ** Two solicitations in FY2009 (Office of Integrative Activities) Instrumentation for Materials Research Major Instrumentation Projects (IMR-MIP) Solicitation 09-547 Deadline: June 29, 2009 Two award types: Conceptual and Engineering Design (CED) Supports development of detailed conceptual and engineering design for new tools for materials preparation and/or characterization at research facilities Funded through continuing or standard grants for a total of up to $2 M per award Construction (CNST) Provides support for construction of major instruments costing more than $4 M but less than $20 M Funded through 5-year cooperative agreement for $1-4 M per year Operational costs are not supported through the solicitation DMR Support for Materials Research & Education ($ 262.54 M in FY08) MRSECs

23% NSECs STCs 3% 3% Individuals and Groups 45% Other 3% Facilities 19% Instrumentation 4% DMR Research and Education Centers 80.00 NSECs 70.00 Nanoscience & Engineering Centers 60.00 STCs

Science & Technology Centers $M 50.00 MRSECs 40.00 Materials Research & Engineering Centers 30.00 20.00 10.00 0.00 FY 98 FY 99 FY 00 FY 01

FY 02 FY 03 FY 04 FY 05 FY 06 FY 07 FY 08 Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers FY 2008 Competition 31 centers nationwide 14 Awards - National investment in timely and important areas

such as sustainable energy, bio- and soft-materials, nanotechnology, next-generation electronics and photonics Largest turnover in the history of the program 5 awards to institutions that have not had a MRSEC 9 MRSECs successfully re-competed 4 existing MRSECs being phased-out Where are we going? A DMR Working Group has been established to evaluate the recommendations of the NRC report and look at the future directions of Materials Research & Education Centers Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (MRSECs) Where are we going?* Next MRSECs (> one IRG): Expand activities to international arena Develop cyber-enabled infrastructure between MRSECs, PREMs and other research & education centers MIRACLE Centers Launch a new type of cyber-enabled centers (one IRG) focused on Materials Innovative Research and Creative Learning Experience * Partially based on the recommendations of the NAS study on MRSECs Partnership for Research & Education in Materials (PREM) .broaden participation in materials research and education by stimulating the development of long-term, collaborative partnerships between minority serving institutions and DMR-supported groups, centers and facilities.

10 PREMs currently funded ~ 500k/year for 5 years ( New PREM competition: Proposals Deadline March 5, 2009 (Solicitation: NSF 09-518) Expanded to institutions primarily serving women and people with disabilities Partner with DMR supported centers, groups or facilities DMR Support for Materials Research & Education ($ 262.54 M in FY08) MRSECs 23% NSECs STCs 3% 3%

Individuals and Groups 45% Other 3% Facilities 19% Instrumentation 4% Individual & Group Investigator Programs FY2008 Budget FUNDING POTENTIAL Anticipated 3-yr duration (possible renewal for 3 more yrs) $5M initial investment in FY2009 Doubling in FY2010 and tripling in FY2011 3-10 awards anticipated in FY2009 Potential for expansion in future years Potential to grow and include other sources of renewable

energy in future years New CHE-DMR-DMS SOLAR Initiative Launched in FY 2009 Research at the Interface of the Chemical, Material, Mathematical, and Physical Sciences At least three co-PIs, providing expertise in chemistry, materials research, and mathematical sciences Two-stage proposal preparation and review process to reduce the burden on the communities What is MPS ROLE? Capitalize on the unique strengths of our disciplinary communities Use new interdisciplinary modalities by bringing together mathematicians, chemists, and materials researchers, focusing on interdisciplinary synergy and aiming for transformative breakthroughs Focus on new fundamental chemical approaches, materials design, physical concepts, and mathematical algorithms Materials World Network Where are we? I. Partnerships with funding organizations in: - Europe (20, incl. Russia, Ukraine, Turkey): New in 2008: Agence National de la Recherche (France) (C. Huber) and Romania USEMAT: annual coordination meetings in Strasbourg at E-MRS (C. Huber)

Support for USA-Europe Networks of materials researchers jointly with ESF Joint panel reviews with EPSRC-UK and DFG-Germany (at NSF and abroad) - Asia (10): New in 2008: JST, NEDO and NIMS in Japan (Z. Kafafi; C. Huber) US-China Workshop on Nanomaterials for Energy and Environmental Challenges (DMR-CHEDMS): Evanston 2008; Shanghai 2009. (Z. Kafafi, C. Huber) US-Asia Materials Network: Symposium at Int. Conf. on Electronic Materials, Sydney 2008 (C. Huber); Singapore 2009 - Americas(8): Inter-American Materials Collaboration (CIAM): a multilateral joint activity Fourth CIAM Symposium/Grantees Meeting: Brazil 2008 (C. Huber) NSF will host the CIAM funding and coordination meeting in April 2009 Materials World Network Where are we? II. Continue to work with organizations in developing regions: - Africa (14): International Materials Institutes at Princeton and UCSB supported the 2008 Africa MRS Meeting in Tanzania Strengthened cooperation with North Africa: Egypt, Tunisia (Z. Kafafi) - Southeast Asia: New in 2008: Malaysia, possibly Vietnam US-Asia Materials Network: Symposium at Int. Conf. on Electronic Materials, Sydney 2008 (C. Huber); Singapore 2009 - Middle East: Need for follow-up on 2005 workshop in Qatar possible cooperation with CRDF

International Materials Institutes (IMIs) Competition in FY2008 Goal: Nucleate and coordinate international collaboration via personnel exchanges, international fellowships, seed funding, summer schools, workshops, etc.. Nanostructured Materials for Global Energy & Environmental Challenges Evanston, Illinois, September 22-24, 2008 Held September 22-24, 2008 in Evanston, Illinois First in a series of bilateral US-China workshops Cosponsored by the NSF and the Natural National Science Foundation of China Two major themes: (1) Advanced Solar Cells and (2) Nanomaterials and the Environment Primary finding: Transformative approaches and new levels of cooperation are needed to solve global energy and environmental challenges Three NSF (DMR, CHE, and DMS) divisions Key recommendation: Establishment of a joint USChina global institute Next workshop on New Materials for Renewable Energy to be held in Shanghai, China in October 2009 Zakya Kafafi, Director, Division for Materials Research gives opening remarks. Graduate student Charusheela Ramanan explains her research to

US and Chinese professors. The Workshop report is available at A Truly Global Materials Network Where are we going? A materials network that links all talent available, regardless of geographical location IMIs evolve into US-based nodes of the network Seamless flow of people, information, materials, etc., through the network More and better utilization of cyber infrastructure in support and as a result of the network International research experiences as an integral part of undergraduate and graduate students education

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