MAUS By: Art Spiegelman A LITTLE HISTORY Comic Strip is the Grandfather of the Graphic Novel They have been around since the end of the 1800s.
Originally used to draw people to the Sunday Paper. Read the Funnies FIRST COMIC STRIP Appeared in New York World in 1895 - R.F. Outcault - Increased Sales - Eventually endorsed Soap-whiskey. KATZENJAMMER KIDS 1897
Used Word Balloons Used Multiple Panels to tell A story. POPULAR COMICS Superman First superhero On Newstands in 1938 Superheroes were BIG during WWII
After WWII Crime Science Fiction Horror MILESTONES IN THE GRAPHIC NOVEL WORLD
1978 Will Eisner coins the term Graphic Novel 1986 Batman the Dark Knight Returns 1987 The Watchman 1992 Maus: A Survivors Tale wins Pulitzer Prize. 20015 Graphix imprint launched 2006 American Born Chinese named NBA finalist for Young Peoples Literature 2007 YALSA creates new annual book List: Great Graphic Novels for Teens
2009 NYT Graphic Books Bestseller List FUN FACTS President Obama collects both Spider-Man and Conan the Barbarian comics
GRAPHIC NOVEL Graphic novels can be fiction, nonfiction, history, fantasy, or anything inbetween. They are similar to comic books because they use sequential art to tell a story. UNLIKE comic books, graphic novels are generally stand-alone stories with more complex plots.
TYPES OF GRAPHIC NOVELS There are endless ways to categorize graphic novels. There are as many genres and subgenres as in traditional fiction and nonfiction. The following are a few of the major Manga Superhero Story
Perzines Personal Narratives Non-Fiction MANGA The Japanese word for comic but in the US is used to descript Japanese style
comics. Manga is read from top to bottom and right to left as this is the traditional Japanese reading pattern. Technically, Manga refers to Japanese comics, many think Manga refers to a style rather the the country of origin. Examples: Death Note, Full Metal Alchemist SUPERHERO STORY
Superhero graphic novels have taken the most popular form of comics and turned what were once brief episodic adventures into epic sagas. Superhero comics are dominated by a few mainstream publishers Examples Batman:
Dark Knight Returns League of Extraordinary Gentleman Astrocity PERZINES PERSONAL NARRATIVES These are autobiographical stories written from the authors personal experiences, opinions, and observations. Examples
Fun Home Blankets Lucky The Quitter NON-FICTION Are similar to Perzines in that they are written from the authors personal
experience, but the author is generally using their own experience to touch upon a greater social issue. Example Pedro and Me Persepolis IMPORTANT THINGS TO NOTE
Same format as comic books Text and illustrations present information Book-length, usually contain one story Medium, not a genre HOW DO THEY WORK Caption Panel
Thought Balloon Gutter Sound Effect Dialog Balloon CONTEXT CLUES
Take the next 5 minutes and using the previous slide, determine what the meaning of each of the highlighted vocabulary words means Caption Thought Balloon Sound Effect Dialogue Balloon
Panel Gutter At the end of 5 minutes, you will discuss with a partner the definition that you have come up with. Together you will formulate and share your definitions. DIALOGUE BALLOONS VS. CAPTIONS Take a minute and brainstorm the difference between a dialogue balloon and a caption
DIFFERENCE Diaglogue Balloons allow words (and much less often, pictures) to be understood as representing the speech or thoughts of a given character in the comic. A Caption is a brief explanation appended to an article.
WHAT IS A PANEL? A comic book is made up of individual panels, a visual or implied boundary that, when put together, tell a story in a sequential order. A good way to look at a panel is that it is like a scene in a movie or television show. The comic panel would be the
most important part of the scene to convey the most information visually. The dialogue balloons are used to complete the tale! WHAT IS A GUTTER? the space between the panels. reader moves from one panel to the next and comes to a conclusion about whats happening. CLASS WORK
You will create a 4 panel comic strip. These can be arranged anyway that you like. You must include, Dialogue Balloon Gutter Sound Effects Thought Balloon
And a caption Your comic strips will be due on Friday March 14, 2014
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