BIOLOGY Science BIOLOGY : BIOS: live LOGOS: : The Study of living things Scientific Classification Knowledge Science Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (The Natural Sciences) Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial (The Social Sciences)

Ilmu Alam Ilmu Hayat (The Physical Sciences) (The Biological Sciences) -Phisics -Chemistry -Astronomy -Geography Biology - Antropologi - Psikology - Ekonomic - Sosiology - Political Science Evolving science of knowledge Knowledge: everything is known, regardless of where it came knowledge. Knowledge can be obtained from: sensory

(pancaindra) Mind (pikiran) Revelation (Wahyu) Science: knowledge of the truth that has been tested through scientific method BRANCH OF BIOLOGY Branch of Biology Botany Zoology Antropology Anatomy Things Learn Plants Animal Physic of the man Living Body Composition Taksonomy

Way of classification of living things Morfology Ekology Outer shape of living things Interrelationship between living things Genetics How to offspring inheritance Cabang Biologi Hal yang dipelajari Mikrobiologi

M.H yang berukuran kecil Parasitologi M.H yang hidup parasit pd mh. lain Entomologi Serangga Sanitasi Cara perawatan kesehatan melalui kebersihan lingkungan Farmakologi Khasiat obat dan cara penggunaannya Palaentologi

Kehidupan masa lalu (fosil) Mikologi Jamur/fungi Gizi Makanan dan manfaatnya bagi kesehatan Biokimia Etologi Reaksi-reaksi kimia dalam tubuh m.h Kelakuan Hewan Developmental Biology Biology dan TheBranch Fundamental Science EKOLOGY

PHYSIOLOGY DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY GENETICS MOLEKULER BIO Tacsonomy Science: BACTERIOLOGY ORNITHOLOGY HERPETOLOLOGY ENTOMOLOGY BOTANY, ZOOLOGY RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE WITH OTHER 1. Relationship Between biology with mathematics mathematics is required as a tool for interpreting the results of biological research 2. Relationship with the Biological Physics a.Prinsip diffusion and osmosis b. The use of goggles to help people who have eye defects (Myop, hypermetrop, presbiop)

3. Biological relationship with chemical In the human body contained various chemical elements. Based on studies of the human body is composed of the following elements: Unsure Oxygen Carbon Hydrogen Nytrogen Calsium Pospor Kalyum Sulfur Natrium Chlor Magnesium Atom O C

H N Ca P K S Na Cl Mg % weight 65 18,5 9,5 3,3 1,5 1 0,4 0,3 0,2 0,2

0,1 Other elements such as Boron (Bo) Cromium (Cr), Cobalt (Co) Cuprum (Cu), Fluorine (F), Iodine (I), Ferrum (Fe), manganese (Mn), Molybdenum (Mo), Zincum (Zn), silicon (Si) is found less than 0.01% Elements such as C, H, O are the main elements forming the material in the body and is necessary in the formation of organic compounds the body such as carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Carbohydrates (KH) and fat to function as an energy producer while protein serves to build the cells of our bodies are damaged To produce energy carbs and fat will be converted into glucose which will be experiencing the burning and the resulting

CO2, H2O and energy. Energy is not a readily available energy for bodily activity, but the energy will be used to combine with ADP to form ATP P which is a high-energy compound that is ready for the activity of the body to think, walk, run etc.. After ATP release their energy will be transformed again into ADP and P. Lane changes as follows: Food Food digestion Glucosa ATP Energy for body activities Energy Respiratory

ADP + P CO2 dan H2O 4) Relations with the Economic Sciences The relationship can be seen in agriculture. To increase agricultural output is known as 2 wisdom of agricultural intensification and extensification of agriculture. Intensification of agriculture is an effort to increase agricultural production by optimizing the use of existing agricultural land for instance with the correct fertilizer, seed use, regular irrigation, the planting of land with intercropping system. Extensification of agriculture is an effort to increase agricultural output by expanding agricultural land. With the increase in agricultural output, when viewed in economic terms the business can provide great added value for farmers.

Biological Sciences relationship with the Other ILMUFISIKA FISIKA ILMU Biofisika Biofisika Radiologi Radiologi Biologi BiologiNuklir Nuklir Psikologi Psikologi Antropologi Antropologi Kedokteran Kedokteran

ILMU ILMUKIMIA KIMIA ILMUSOSIAL SOSIAL ILMU BIOLOGI Biokimia Biokimia Fisiologi Fisiologi Biomolekuler Biomolekuler Farmakologi Farmakologi

Oceanologi Oceanologi Geologi Geologi Ekologi Ekologi Paleontologi Paleontologi Biometri Genetika Dll. ILMU MATEMATIKA ILMU MATEMATIKA ILMUASTRONOMI/BUMI

ASTRONOMI/BUMI ILMU Discoveries in biology that are beneficial to humans 1. The discovery of Vitamin Vitamins are organic compounds that the body needs in small amounts (<0.01 g per day), but the vitamins are very important (vital) to the body, when the body lacks, mk our health will be disturbed. Vitamins should be brought in from outside because the body can not synthesize its own With the discovery of the vitamins we can arrange a good diet, so our bodies healthy. 2. hormone discovery Hormones are chemical compounds composed of proteins.

Hormone regulates the body's activities include: metabolism, growth and development, reproductive cycles and secretions. Hormones can be produced by the body, namely by the endocrine glands The hormone has a specific effect on the network. His influence is sometimes common (affecting the body as a whole), but sometimes also limited and specific One endocrine gland disorders can cause abnormalities in a particular section and can also result in abnormalities as a whole 3. The discovery of antibiotics The antibiotics were first discovered penicillin by Alexander Fleming in 1942. Penicillin can kill bacteria that cause diseases without poison mh where the bacteria live. Some examples of antibiotics: Penicillin is produced by the fungus Penicillium

notatum and P. crysogenum Streptomycin is produced by the fungus Streptomyces sp Chloromycetin produced by fungi Chloromyces sp 4. Discoveries in the field of Genetics The first scientists who are interested in researching about genetics is Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), an Austrian monk. Mendel's studies using pea (Pisum sativum) According to Mendel's genetic material is the deciding factor (determinant) From the research results can be seen that the nature of heredity are genes. Genes located in chromosomal loci and the chromosomes are located in the cell nucleus. Chromosomes can be observed only when cells undergo division. Derived by the parent in the offspring is not brown eyes, curly hair, white skin and so on,

but it is the genes that oversee the development of the properties in question. Genetics has a lot of benefits to mankind in many ways, for example in agriculture and animal husbandry have been obtained species of plants and animals that have superior properties. In the field of medical genetics has can be used to diagnose a disease and genetic consultation, even in matters concerning the law, such as solving problems in the crime.

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