Metis Culture - lgoldsack.weebly.com

Metis Culture - lgoldsack.weebly.com

METIS CULTURE WHO ARE THE MTIS? MTIS MEANS A PERSON WHO SELF-IDENTIFIES AS A MTIS, IS DISTINCT FROM OTHER ABORIGINAL PEOPLES, IS OF HISTORIC MTIS NATION ANCESTRY, AND IS ACCEPTED BY THE MTIS NATION. SOME REFERENCES YOU MAY SEE OR HEAR ARE: MTISSE COUNTRY BORN MICHIF HALFBREED BLACK SCOTTS

BOIS BRL MIXED BLOOD ROAD ALLOWANCE PEOPLE CHICOT COMMON SYMBOLS MTIS FLAGS THERE ARE TWO FLAGS THAT ARE MOST COMMONLY IDENTIFIED AS MTIS FLAGS THE

FLAG IS THE MOST COMMON ONE SEEN AND USED Some say its colour is based on the French flag, NWC flag THE was flown on June 19, 1816 at the Battle of Seven Oaks under the leadership of Cuthbert Grant Jr Is sometimes talked about as the scottished influenced flag, or the one tied to the HBC During buffalo hunting expeditions, this flag belonged to the guide of the day. On some of these hunting expeditions, great battles occurred, like the battle of Grand Coteau in 1851 THE INFINITY SYMBOL Represents the merging of two nations, a reminder of the past and future, once Mtis always Mtis. TYPES OF SASHES AND USES

MTIS SASHES ARE COMMONLY WORN AS PART OF THE MTIS REGALIA, AT MTIS FESTIVALS, AND SPECIAL EVENTS. MTIS MEN USUALLY WEAR THEIR SASH TIED AROUND THE WAIST AND GENERALLY MTIS WOMEN WILL WEAR THEIR SASH ACROSS THE BODY FROM LEFT TO RIGHT COVERING THE HEART. L'ASSOMPTION SASH (CEINTURE FLCHE) CHARLEVIOX SASH ACADIENNE SASH VAROUS COLOURED SASHES TEMPS NOIR SASH/ GRANDMOTHERS SASH

SOME USES: BELT, TUMPLINE, SEWING KIT, ROPE , WASH CLOTH, FIRST AID KIT, DOG HARNESS MTIS SASH THE FINGER-WEAVING TECHNIQUE WAS USED TO MAKE SASHES. SASHES WERE MADE BY PLACING ONE END OF THREADS ATTACHED TO A CEILING BEAM. THE OTHER END ATTACHED TO A NAIL ON THE FLOOR. TWO WOODEN STICKS WOULD BE FASTENED TO THE MIDDLE OF THE THREADS TO HOLD THEM IN PLACE. THE WEAVING IS STARTED IN THE MIDDLE OF THE LENGTH OF THREADS AND WORKED TOWARDS ONE END. THEN IT IS ALL TURNED AROUND AND WORKED TOWARDS THE OTHER END A GOOD QUALITY SASH COULD BE MADE USING 300 TO 400 FINE WAXED WOOLEN THREADS AND USUALLY TOOK ABOUT 200 HOURS TO COMPLETE AND WERE UP TO 3 METERS LONG MTIS WOMEN WERE HIRED BY THE NWC TO MAKE SASHES

THE WOMEN WOULD WORK OVER 12 HOURS PER DAY AND WERE COMPENSATED WITH LESS THAN 30 CENTS PER DAY COLOURS OF THE SASH RED TRADITIONAL COLOUR USED REPRESENTS THE BLOOD SHED FOR MTIS RIGHTS BLUE - ENDLESS SKY AND ENDLESS PEOPLE .. DEPTH OF MTIS SPIRIT YELLOW - REMEMBRANCE OF PEOPLE WE HONOUR AND HAVE HONOURED IN OUR LIVES WHITE - REPRESENTING THE INFINITY SIGN IN THE MTIS FLAG(S) AND CONNECTION TO THE CREATOR (AS IN THE MEDICINE WHEEL TEACHINGS) GREEN - REPRESENTS GROWTH, PROSPERITY AND SUCCESS BLACK - SIGNIFIES THE DARK PERIOD OF MTIS HISTORY WHERE MTIS PEOPLE SUFFERED DISPOSSESSION AND SUPPRESSION NOWADAYS IT IS SAID, THE WEAVING OF THE THREADS IN A SASH REPRESENT THE

INTERTWINED LIVES AND BLENDED CULTURES THAT MAKE UP THE MTIS PEOPLE RED RIVER CART IT IS SIMPLY A LIGHT BOX WITH A PAIR OF SHAFTS, MOUNTED ON AN AXLE CONNECTING TWO ENORMOUS WHEELS. THERE IS NO CONCESSION MADE TO THE AVERSION OF THE HUMAN FRAME TO SUDDEN VIOLENT CHANGES OF LEVEL; THERE IS NO WEAKNESS OF LUXURY ABOUT THIS VEHICLE. THE WHEELS ARE BROAD IN THE FELLOES (RIMS), SO AS NOT TO CUT THROUGH THE PRAIRIE SOD. THEY ARE LONG IN THE SPOKES, SO AS TO PASS SAFELY THROUGH FORDS AND MUD-HOLES. THEY ARE VERY MUCH DISHED SO THAT THEY CAN BE STRAPPED TOGETHER AND RAWHIDE STRETCHED OVER THEM TO MAKE A BOAT. THE WHOLE CART IS MADE OF WOOD; THERE IS NOT A BIT OF METAL ABOUT IT, SO THAT, IF ANYTHING BREAKS, THE MATERIAL TO REPAIR IT IS EASILY FOUND. THE AXLES ARE NEVER GREASED AND THEY FURNISH AN INCESSANT ANSWER TO THE OLD CONUNDRUM: "WHAT

MAKES MORE NOISE THAN A PIG IN A POKE? HARPER'S MAGAZINE COMPANY, 1880 THE CARTS WERE FIRST REPORTED TO BE SEEN AND USE IN PEMBINA (JUST SOUTH OF THE USA BORDER BELOW FORT GARY OR TODAYS WINNIPEG) IN 1801. THE REPORT WAS MADE IN AN NWC JOURNAL BY HENRY ALEXANDER THE YOUNGER. CAPOTE MADE FROM A HUDSONS BAY WOOLEN BLANKET. THE BLANKET WAS TRADED FOR PELTS. EACH POINT ON THE BLANKET WAS WORTH 1 BEAVER PELT. NOT AS COMMONLY KNOWN FACTS ENCOURAGED THE GOVERNMENT TO CREATE TREATIES BUFFALO HUNTS DEMOCRACTIC SYSTEM

UNIQUE LANGUAGE MICHIF PEMMICAN MICHIF THE UNIQUE LANGUAGE USED BY THE MTIS PEOPLE ORIGINATED FROM A MIXTURE OF CREE AND FRENCH LANGUAGES IN CANADA THE MORE GEOGRAPHICALLY WEST YOU ARE THE MORE CREE USED IN MICHIF THE FARTHER EAST YOU ARE, THE MORE FRENCH INFLUENCES ARE IN THE LANGUAGE

BUFFALO HUNT THE HUNT INVOLVED ORGANIZING HUNDREDS OF MEN, WOMEN, CHILDREN, RED RIVER CARTS AND HORSES USUALLY TWO ORGANIZED HUNTS EACH YEAR: ONE IN THE SPRING AND ONE IN THE AUTUMN IN 1840 CONSISTING OF 1,240 CARTS AND 1,630 MTIS A PRESIDENT WOULD BE SELECTED. A NUMBER OF CAPTAINS WERE NOMINATED BY THE PRESIDENT AND THE PEOPLE JOINTLY. CAPTAINS APPOINTED THEIR OWN POLICEMEN, THE NUMBER ASSIGNED TO EACH NOT EXCEEDING TEN. POLICEMENS DUTY WAS TO SEE THAT THE LAWS OF THE HUNT WERE STRICTLY CARRIED OUT. END OF THE DAY THE CAPTAINS TOOK CHARGE. IT WAS THE DUTY OF THE CAPTAINS AND THEIR POLICEMEN TO SEE THAT THINGS WERE RIGHTLY DONE. NO ONE WOULD PROCEED WITH THE HUNT UNTIL THE PRESIDENT GAVE THE SIGNAL

HIDE - blankets, THE BUFFALO SINEW / MUSCLE robes, whips, saddles, BONE - Clubs, arrowheads, Thread, Bow strings.. foods, knives, ornaments. Clothing, moccasins. HAIR - Halters, FAT - soap. Padding, head dress,

BUFFALO CHIPS -fuel. ornaments. HORN - Clubs, spoons, ornaments, Powder horns. TAIL - ceremonial SKULL

ornamental. - ceremonial. BRAIN - used BLADDER for tanning. - Bags, pouches. TEETH - necklas ornaments.

SCROTUM - rattles. TONGUE MEAT- Roasted HOOF/FOOT - Boiled, dried. INTERNAL ORGANS - food, containers.

MARROW - Food, Soup. Rattles, glue, spoons. Meat. BEARD Ornaments. MAKING PEMMICAN ONCE THE PEMMICAN WAS MADE AND PLACED IN A HIDE IT WOULD BE BURIED IN THE GROUND AS A

CACHE FOR FUTURE USE ON REOCCURRING TRIPS IN LATER YEARS, IT WAS SOLD TO THE NWC AND THE HBC MUSIC AND DANCE FIDDLES PLAYED A LARGE ROLE IN MTIS MUSIC BECAUSE THEY WERE PORTABLE AND DIDNT TAKE UP MUCH ROOM THEY WERE EASY FOR A MOBILE LIFESTYLE. SCOTTISH AND IRISH REELS AND DANCE ALSO DEEPLY INFLUENCED BOTH THE MUSIC AND DANCE. ANOTHER INSTRUMENT COMMONLY USED WERE SPOONS. A QUICK AND HANDY INSTRUMENT. THE FLOWER BEADWORK PEOPLE

Sources http://www.portagecollege.ca/museum/displaycabinet8.htm http://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/search/object/nmah_840958 http://www.inforum.com/content/red-river-carts-get-their-due-important-mode-mid-19th-centurytransportation-be-featured www.aboriginalperspectives.uregina.ca/workshop2010/cart/cart.ppt http://www.slideserve.com/makan/the-northwest-to-1870 http://www.louisrielinstitute.com/the-sash.php http://www.powershow.com/view/3c8e6b-ZDYxM/The_M_tis_Sash_powerpoint_ppt_presentation http://sdpb.sd.gov/Badlands/Tatanka/ http://sheldondawson.com/?page_id=18&paged=4 http://www.albertametis.com/MNAHome/MNA-Membership-Definition.aspx http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/fp_metis/fp_metis5.html kimolynyk.ca/ICM%20Fur%20Trade%20PP.ppt http://www.ottawalife.com/2015/03/celebrating-the-cultural-fusion-of-the-metis/

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