Module 1The Warehousing Industry - Occupational Safety and ...
Module 1 The Warehousing Industry Industry overview and hazards related to pallet racking operations Disclaimer This material was produced under Grant SH-26328SH4 from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor.
It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Purpose This presentation is meant to: Introduce students to the warehousing industry and pallet racking operations Discuss common OSHA regulations
Give an overview of related hazards Objectives/Outcomes At the end of the presentation, students will Understand the size and scope of the warehousing industry Be able to identify common OSHA regulations related to the industry Have an understanding of the complexity and hazards in the industry
Before we begin. Pre-test What is Warehousing? Insert a warehousing video here What is Warehousing? According to BLS.gov
Operating warehousing and storage facilities for general merchandise, refrigerated goods, and other warehouse products. These establishments provide facilities to store goods. They do not sell the goods they handle. These establishments take responsibility for storing the goods and keeping them secure. They may also provide a range of services, often referred to as logistics services, related to the distribution of goods. Logistics services can include labeling, breaking bulk, inventory control and management, light assembly, order entry and fulfillment, packaging, pick and pack, price marking and ticketing, and transportation arrangement. However, establishments in this industry group always provide warehousing or storage services in addition to any logistic services. Furthermore, the warehousing or storage of goods must be
What is Warehousing? Warehousing and Storage is a subsector of transportation and warehousing Millions of pounds of materials and goods are managed each day in warehouses Warehousing Statistics for 2013
(www.bls.gov) Warehousing Salaries Laborers, freight, stock and materials movers $14.25/hour Shipping, receiving and traffic clerks - $15.45/hour Stock clerks and order fillers - $15.01/hour Transportation, storage and distribution managers Warehousing Statistics for 2013 ( www.bls.gov) Number of job openings
Industrial truck and tractor operators - 82,130 Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers -180,180 Warehousing Statistics for 2013 (www.bls.gov) Number of job openings Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks - 32,750 Stock clerks and order fillers - 56,310
Transportation, storage, and distribution managers 8,710 What is Pallet Racking? A Pallet Rack is A common piece of warehouse equipment
Pallet racks look like scaffolding Used to hold goods stacked on pallets Often constructed from steel beams and uprights May be several stories high What is Pallet Racking? Pallet Racks Are designed to make loading and unloading as efficient as possible
Store and display items so that people can organize them Make packages easy to find and reach Are made so that a forklift or pallet jack can grab the pallet What is Pallet Racking? As a result, pallet racking can be considered all operations related to managing palletized items
Foundational component to the warehousing industry Operations are not simple A Quick Hazard Glance Wide Variety of Hazards in Warehousing and Pallet Racking
Struck by hazards Falls from heights/docks Back injuries from lifting Slips, trips, falls Protruding packages Falling packages
A Quick Hazard Glance Hazards of Warehousing and Pallet Racking Operations (cont.)
Cuts Falling/tipping loads Machinery Heat/cold stress And many more Be Proactive If you are unsure of safe operations Stop!
Ask for clarification and/or help Be Proactive If you see a hazard Correct it Report it Know Your Rights!
OSHA Basics Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act) was passed to prevent workers from being killed or seriously harmed at work. This law created the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), which sets and enforces protective workplace safety and health standards. OSHA also provides information, training, and
assistance to employers and workers. Under the OSH Act, employers have the responsibility to OSHA Basics Occupational Safety and Health Administration With the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, Congress created the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to assure safe and healthful working conditions
for working men and women by setting and enforcing standards and by providing training, outreach, education and assistance. OSHA Basics Who Does OSHA Cover? Private Sector Workers Most employees in the nation come under OSHA's jurisdiction. OSHA covers private sector employers and employees in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and other U.S. jurisdictions either directly through Federal OSHA or through an OSHA-approved state
program. State-run health and safety programs must be at least as effective as the Federal OSHA program. To find the contact information for the OSHA Federal or State Program office nearest you, see the Regional and Area Offices map. OSHA Basics Who Does OSHA Cover? State and Local Government Workers Employees who work for state and local governments are not covered by Federal OSHA, but have OSH Act protections if they work in a state that has an OSHA-approved state program. Four
additional states and one U.S. territory have OSHA approved plans that cover public sector employees only. This includes: Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, and the Virgin Islands. Private sector workers in these four states and the Virgin Islands are covered by Federal OSHA. OSHA Basics Who Does OSHA Cover? Federal Government Workers Federal agencies must have a safety and health program that meet the same standards as private employers. Although OSHA does not
fine federal agencies, it does monitor federal agencies and responds to workers' complaints. The United States Postal Service (USPS) is covered by OSHA. OSHA Basics Who is NOT Covered? Not covered by the OSH Act: Self-employed as a true Sole Proprietor; Immediate family members of farm employers that do not employ outside employees; and Workplace hazards regulated by another Federal agency (for
example, the Mine Safety and Health Administration, the Federal Aviation Administration, the Coast Guard). OSHA Basics Main Focus Employer responsibilities Employee rights OSHA Standards Inspections Help for employers
OSHA Basics Employer responsibilities Employers MUST: Provide employees with a safe workplace Follow all relevant OSHA safety and health standards Inform employees about hazards through training, labels, alarms, colorcoded systems, and other methods Keep accurate records of work-related injuries and illnesses Perform tests in the workplace as required by some OSHA standards Post OSHA citations, injury and illness data, and the OSHA poster Notify OSHA about serious accidents and fatalities
Not discriminate or retaliate against workers for using their rights under the law OSHA Basics Employee Rights Employees Have the Right to: Working conditions that dont pose a risk of serious harm Information and training about: Chemical and other hazards Methods to prevent harm OSHA standards that apply to their workplace
Review records of work-related injuries and illnesses Get copies of test results done to find and measure hazards in the workplace File a complaint asking OSHA to inspect their workplace Use their rights under the law without retaliation Whistleblower Protection Section 11(c) of the OSH Act OSHA's Whistleblower Protection
Program enforces the whistleblower provisions of more than twenty whistleblower statutes protecting employees who report violations Whistleblower Protection An employer may not take an adverse action against an employee because the employee engages in protected activity.
Whistleblower Protection Protected activities may include:
Making a health and safety complaint to a supervisor Making a health and safety complaint to the Government Reporting a work-related illness or injury Cooperating in an inspection/investigation Requesting Safety Data Sheets Testifying Refusing to do dangerous tasks
OSHA Basics OSHA Standards Rules that describe methods that employers MUST use to protect employees Standards for: Construction Agriculture Maritime operations General industry
Common Standards for Warehousing General Duty Clause Section 5(a)(1) (1) shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees OSHA Basics Inspections
Initiated without any advance notice Conducted onsite inspections, or via telephone/fax Investigations Performed by highly trained compliance officers Based on the following priorities: Imminent danger Catastrophes Worker complaints and referrals Targeted inspections particular hazards or high injury rates
Follow-up inspections OSHA Basics Help for Employers OSHA Offers: Free confidential advice Programs and services to help employers identify and correct job hazard and improve injury and illness prevention programs Free on-site consultations for small and medium-sized businesses. These are not enforcement actions and do not result in penalties or citations
Compliance assistance via specialists Cooperative programs Alliance Program OSHA Strategic Partnerships (OSP) Break Time OSHA Regulations for Warehousing Common OSHA Regulations The Good Housekeeping Regulations - 29 CFR
1910.22(a) Per 29 CFR 1910.22(a)(1) all places of employment, passageways, storerooms and service rooms must be kept clean and orderly and in a sanitary condition. The floor of every workroom must be maintained in a clean and so far as possible, a dry condition. Where wet processes are used, drainage must be maintained, and false floors, platforms, mats or other dry standing places should be provided
where practical. (29 CFR 1910.22(a)(2)) OSHA Regulations for Warehousing (Cont.) Common OSHA Regulations The Good Housekeeping Regulations - 29 CFR 1910.141(a) To facilitate cleaning, every floor, working place, and passageway shall be kept free from protruding nails, splinters, loose boards, and unnecessary
holes and openings. All sweepings, solid or liquid wastes, refuse, and garbage shall be removed in such a manner as to avoid creating a menace to health and as often as necessary or appropriate to maintain the place of OSHA Regulations for Warehousing (Cont.) Common OSHA Regulations 1910 Subpart I - Personal Protective Equipment
1910.132 - General requirements. 1910.133 - Eye and face protection. 1910.134 - Respiratory Protection. 1910.135 - Head protection. 1910.136 - Foot protection. 1910.137 - Electrical protective devices. 1910.138 - Hand Protection. OSHA Regulations for Warehousing (Cont.)
Common OSHA Regulations Forklifts and Handling Materials 1910.176 Handling Materials 1910.178 Powered Industrial Trucks 1910.179 Overhead and Gantry Cranes 1910.180 Crawler Locomotive and Truck Cranes 1910.181 Derricks OSHA Regulations for Warehousing
(Cont.) Common OSHA Regulations Ladders, Walking and Working Surfaces 1910.22 Aisles and passageways and loads on floors 1910.23 Floor openings 1910.24 Fixed industrial stairs 1910.25 Portable wood ladders 1910.26 Portable metal ladders 1910.27 Fixed ladders 1910.28 Safety requirements for scaffolding
1910.29 Manually propelled ladder stands 1910.30 Working surfaces dockboards OSHA Regulations for Warehousing (Cont.) Common OSHA Regulations - Fire Protection Subpart L
Scope and application - Fire brigades - Portable fire extinguishers - Standpipe and hose systems - Automatic sprinkler systems - Fixed extinguishing systems, - Fixed extinguishing systems, - Fixed extinguishing systems, - Fixed extinguishing systems, - Fire detection systems
- Employee alarm systems general dry chemical gaseous agent water spray and foam. So Many More. Easy to see how complex warehouses are Dozens more regulations apply
Lets take a more generalized view of warehouse hazards Warehousing Safety Issues Potential Hazards for Workers in Warehouses Vehicle traffic Unsafe use of forklifts An Example
Warehousing Safety Issues Forklifts Region 7 (NE, IA, KS, MO) OSHA Statistics 251 fatal struck-by incidents from 2008 to 2013 70% were in industrial environments 18% of the accidents involved forklifts Warehousing Safety Issues
Potential Hazards for Workers in Warehouses Inadequate lockout/tagout procedures Improper stacking of products Overloading pallet racks Tipping Loads Examples Warehousing Safety Issues
Potential Hazards for Workers in Warehouses Repetitive motion injuries Back strains/injuries Warehousing Safety Issues Potential Hazards for Workers in Warehouses Inadequate fire safety provisions Dollar General Warehouse in Alabama fined
$25,000 Repeat violations of blocking emergency exits and fire extinguishers Additional fine of $29,000 for other serious Warehousing Safety Issues Housekeeping Issues Tripping Slipping
Sharp objects Trash, water, oil and more Warehousing Safety Issues General Environmental Concerns Noise Heat stress Lighting
Summary Warehousing is a huge industry So much more than simple storage Logistics, inventory management, ticketing, and more Pallet racking operations present hazards Summary Respect the complexity of these environments Be aware of hazards Know your rights
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