Module 5: Chemical Agents - Nevada Department of Corrections

Module 5: Chemical Agents - Nevada Department of Corrections

Standardized Awareness Authorized Training, Train-the-Trainer Chemical Agents Objectives Discuss chemical agents, such as Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TIC), Riot Control Agents (RCA), and Chemical Warfare Agents (CWA), as well as the physiological signs/symptoms associated with them. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using chemical agents for terrorist activity.

Identify potential sources in the community where chemicals are manufactured, transported, stored, used, or disposed. 2 Objectives (continued) Discuss the TRACEM-P acronym. Identify the indicators of a possible criminal/terrorist act involving chemical agents. Discuss the control zones used during a chemical agent

incident. Discuss instructional strategies for facilitating the Chemical Agents module. 3 Chemical Agents Types Dissemination Availability Volatility

Vapor Density Senses Routes of Entry; inhalation, ingestion, absorption, injection General Signs and/or Symptoms 4 Types of Chemical Agents Toxic Industrial Chemicals Anhydrous ammonia Chlorine

Hydrogen cyanide Incapacitating Agents Riot Control Agents; only a temporary irritating effect 5 Chemical Warfare Agents Choking Agents; dry land drowning Blood Agents

Courtesy of the CDP Blister Agents; blanched skin, skin inflammation, pulmonary edema, eye irritation Nerve Agents; sweating, drooling, runny nose, pinpointed pupils

6 Nerve Agent Signs and Symptoms SLUDGEM: Salivation (drooling) Lacrimation (tears) Urination Defecation Gastric distress (stomach) Emesis (vomiting) Miosis (constriction of pupils)

7 Advantages of Using Chemical Agents for Terrorist Activity Easy to make or acquire Available Immediate effect Hard to detect Easily spread Tie up resources

Psychological impact 8 Disadvantages of Using Chemical Agents for Terrorist Activity Requires large quantities Production and deployment hazardous to terrorists 9

Sources of Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TIC) Chemical manufacturing plants Food processing facilities Transportation assets Courtesy of the Indiana Department of Environmental Management

Airports Industries Laboratories 10 TRACEM-P TRACEM-P outlines potential hazards and mechanisms of injury at a hazardous materials incident Thermal Radiological

Asphyxiation Chemical Etiological Mechanical Psychological 11 Indicators of a Possible CWA Attack Numerous dead animals Lack of insect life

Mass casualties Unexplained physical symptoms Pattern of casualties Illness in a confined geographic area Courtesy of CDC Public Health Image Library (PHIL) # 8518 12

Indicators of a CWA Attack (continued) Unusual liquid droplets Areas of dead vegetation Unexplained odors Numerous people experiencing blisters Low-lying cloud/fog conditions Unusual metal debris/bomb-like materials present 13

Control Zones Courtesy of CDP 14 Activity Courtesy of Rob Low 15

Questions for Presentation Preparation How will you explain the importance of learning this module to your participants? What do participants need to learn from this module content? What additional resources can be used to reinforce learning the content in this module? How will you involve the audience in learning this material?

What safety concerns need to be reinforced in this module? 16 Conclusion What are the characteristics and physiological signs/symptoms associated with chemical agents, TIC, RCA, and CWA? What are some advantages and disadvantages of using chemical agents for terrorist activity?

What are some potential sources in the community where chemicals are manufactured, transported, stored, used, or disposed? 17 Conclusion (continued) What are the potential hazards encountered by a responder at a HAZMAT incident, as represented by the acronym TRACEM-P? What are the indicators of a possible criminal/terrorist

act involving chemical agents? How would you use control zones for a chemical agent incident? What are some potential instructional strategies you could use to facilitate the Chemical Agents module? 18 Standardized Awareness Authorized Training, Train-the-Trainer Chemical AgentsEnd of Module

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