# Multi-Robot Adversarial Patrolling: Facing Coordinated Attacks

Intelligent Patrolling Sarit Kraus Department of Computer Science Bar-Ilan University Collaborators: Noa Agmon, Gal Kaminka, Efrat Sless 1 Physical Security with

Bounded Resources Limited security resources prevent full security coverage at all times; allows adversaries to observe and exploit patterns in selective patrolling or monitoring. Randomized patrolling or monitoring is necessary. 2

Randomized Checkpoints 3 Multi-Robot Adversarial Patrol Motivation: High security facilities Large military bases

Neighborhood watch 4 Protecting a Parade: route is announced 5

Protecting a Moving Target: randomizing the route 6 Why Do We Need Automated Methods ?for Randomization

People are not good at randomization The randomized strategy should depend on: o the adversary and the defenders utilities o the environment parameters o the defenders resources. 7 Multi-Robot

Adversarial Patrol: The Environment Perimeter o Divided into segments o Uniform time-distance o Robot travels through one segment per time unit Adversary o Tries to penetrate through the perimeter

o Takes t>0 time units to penetrate 8 Robotic Model k homogenous robots Robotic movement model: o Robots movement is directed o Turning around costs time units

9 Algorithm Framework Patrol algorithm: o Continue straight with probability p o Turn around with probability 1-p PPD: Probability of Penetration Detection p depends on the distance between robots and on the penetration time.

10 Robot Movement Optimal: Robots are uniformly placed around the perimeter Coordinated o If decide to turn around they do it simultaneously

o Preserve uniform distance 11 Robot Movement Optimal: Robots are uniformly placed around the perimeter Coordinated

If decide to turn around they do it simultaneously Preserve uniform distance 12 Robot Movement Optimal: Robots are uniformly placed around the perimeter Coordinated

If decide to turn around they do it simultaneously Preserve uniform distance 13 Robot Movement Optimal: Robots are uniformly placed around the perimeter Coordinated

If decide to turn around they do it simultaneously Preserve uniform distance 14 Handling Events What if a robot needs to inspect the penetration? Once a penetration is detected, one robot is extracted from the team to inspect it Coordinated attacks are beneficial to the adversary

15 What Happens If ?Penetration Detected 16 What Happens If Penetration

?Detected Robot that detected the penetration will inspect it Other k-1 robots will spread uniformly o To achieve optimal behavior for k-1 robots Phase 1: k robots (before event), steady state Phase 2: Reorganization Phase 3: k-1 robots (after event), steady state Optimal patrol

known 17 Nave Approach Deterministic: Each robot goes straight to its final position 18

Randomized Reorganization Challenges: o each robot needs to move differently o How much time to spend on the reorganization? We randomized over possible paths Finding the strategy is complex, in theory, but we

used heuristics to find it in reasonable time 19 Physical Security with Bounded Resources: Summary Randomized patrolling or monitoring is necessary. Automated randomization is important Interesting problems? [email protected]

20

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