MVNO

MVNO: Mobile Virtual Network Operator CS294-3 Spring 2002 Pete Perlegos [email protected] Outline What is an MVNO? Why do we need MVNOs? What are the opportunities and

risks? Why would MNOs go along? Where are we today? 2 What is an MVNO? An MVNO does not own spectrum, it leases it from a network operator with whom it has a relationship. An MVNO supplies the SIM card and has full control over its subscribers and handles its own billing.

3 What is an MVNO? An MVNO buys network capacity, usually as close to the base level as possible, and invests in a service infrastructure of its own. The MVNO thereby establishes a more independent position and is able to compete directly with other mobile network operators in the market by offering advanced services.

4 How an MVNO connects to a MNO An MVNO has everything its own, except for the spectrum, base stations, and base station controllers 5 Benefits of Infrastructure

Deploying their own infrastructure allows the MVNO to offer value-added services. The goal of offering value-added services is to differentiate versus the incumbent mobile operator. This allows for customer acquisition and prevents the MVNO from needing to compete on the basis of price alone. 6 Outline

What is an MVNO? Why do we need MVNOs? What are the opportunities and risks? Why would MNOs go along? Where are we today? 7 Why do we need MVNOs?

Many Western European markets are reaching saturation. Increasing competition is reducing voice prices. Future growth must be driven by new services. 8 Where will the services come from? An MNO does not have the content and applications to succeed in a wide variety of

services. 9 Where will the services come from? An MNO does not have the content and applications to succeed in a wide variety of services. 10 Outline

What is an MVNO? Why do we need MVNOs? What are the opportunities and risks? Why would MNOs go along? Where are we today? 11 What are the Opportunities?

Participating in mobile boom Differentiate and expand own services Covering a niche which MNOs do not serve Developing a sustained customer relationship Distribution of own content Cross selling to existing customer base Leveraging own distribution network Leveraging existing strong brand 12 What are the Risks?

MVNO introduces additional competition into the market, driving down margins MVNO will pay higher costs for network usage than MNO. So, MVNOs need to either generate more revenue or cut costs in a way MNO cannot Network quality level cannot be controlled High customer acquisition cost if no brand and distribution available

13 What are the Risks? Direct subscribers are almost always more valuable to the host network than subscribers from MVNOs because the host network operator gains revenues from both airtime and VAS Network operators will prioritize their own subscribers above those of an MVNO if bandwidth is a limiting factor This could lead to nonrenewal of an

MVNO agreement in order to recoup the network capacity 14 How to succeed The MVNOs that survive will be those with usage profiles that are complementary to that of the host network 15 Outline

What is an MVNO? Why do we need MVNOs? What are the opportunities and risks? Why would MNOs go along? Where are we today? 16 Why would MNOs go along?

Mobile Network Operators must carry a heavy financial burden because of UMTS (expensive license costs, network construction, and marketing costs) 3G terminals are likely to be costly relative to 2G, so the subscriber acquisition costs will be significant 3G $$ 2G > $ 17 How MVNOs help

The network operators with 3G licenses will be very keen on filling the network with traffic, and MVNO is a way of selling network capacity in order to recoup their investments Traditional mobile network operators can broaden its customer base at a zero cost of acquisition 18 Outline

What is an MVNO? Why do we need MVNOs? What are the opportunities and risks? Why would MNOs go along? Where are we today? 19 Where are we today? 20 Types of MVNOs

MVNO Mobile Virtual Mobile Operators All the major mobile network operators are looking at the possibility of becoming an MVNO and establishing themselves outside their existing markets Telia BVMO Branded Virtual Mobile Operators

Virgin Mobile, Wireless Car Volvo, Toyota Will be more creative and customer-oriented than traditional mobile network operators Will represent a big part of the mobile network market in the long term 21 Where are we going? Europe Over 20 MVNOs operating Standard GSM network makes it easier for carriers to trade network capacity

Asia Hong Kong requires 30% of its spectrum be allocated to MVNOs Virgin launched first Asian MVNO in Singapore last November Virgin plans to announce partnerships in Hong Kong and Taiwan soon Virgin hopes to launch 3G MVNO services in 10 Asian countries 22 Where are we going?

US Virgin and Sprint signed MVNO deal in October Potential contenders are MTV Networks, AOL Time Warner (AT&T Wireless), and RadioShack, all of which have brand recognition with an available distribution channel Aol is even in talks with network operators in other countries 23 Conclusion

MVNOs are here to stay MNOs will not be able to resist the increased revenue stream to amortize the costs of 3G investments There will be a wide variety of MVNOs filling niche markets MVNOs are the only way to drive revenue growth with the saturating voice market 24

What has happened recently? Deutshe Telekom buys VoiceStream VoiceStream has been relaunched as T-Mobile T-mobile acquired MobileStar Network and renamed it the T-Mobile HotSpot network T-Mobile HotSpot provides wireless Internet access via Wi-Fi 802.11b wireless network.

T-Mobile HotSpot has the largest footprint of active broadband wireless sites and is continuing to build-out the Wi-Fi 802.11b wireless LAN network of public Internet access locations. (See my Services presentation) 25 What has happened recently? US Virgin Mobile begins service

Virgin Mobile USA (VMU) has recognized that the youth market is an under-penetrated market. By offering services such as instant messaging (IM), gaming, and music to the mobile phone, it plans to claim a high percentage of those customers. The demographic Virgin is going after is one that is complementary to that of the host network (Sprint), who targets mainly older, business oriented people. Virgin Mobile UK is now the second fastest growing carrier in the country. But the carrier is not yet profitable and does not have major market share. The US market is very different than the UK, and VMU will likely have a much more difficult time achieving success in this country. 26 What has happened recently?

US Virgin Mobiles challenges VMU does not view the lack of major prepaid service in the US as a disadvantage, but rather, an opportunity to target an under-penetrated market and make prepaid service mainstream. One serious challenge is that prepaid churn is significantly higher than postpaid churn. A challenge that VMU will face is one of building name recognition. While the Virgin brand is well known in the UK, where Virgin Group operates over 50 Virgin-branded companies including an airline, train service, travel services, and music

stores, as well as many other types of services, it is less well known in the US. The carrier will work to build brand awareness through online, print, and other media advertising, and through a marketing partnership with MTV. 27 What has happened recently? Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) Games MVNOs will be more innovative in order to penetrate the market, forcing MNOs to provide new

services 28 What has happened recently (2)? ESPN has announced plans to launch an MVNO over the Sprint Network ESPN Mobile AOL has been well positioned to enter this market for years. They have great brand recognition and an amazing customer

base. They probably dropped the ball because they neglected AOL after the poorly managed Time Warner merger. 29 More Information Please check out my Services presentation: http://www.perlegos.com/services/services.htm You can find my web page at: http://www.perlegos.com/ If you have any more questions, e-mail me: [email protected] 30

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