Myths, Folktales, Tall Tales, Legends, and Fables

Myths, Folktales, Tall Tales, Legends, and Fables

Myths, Folktales, Legends, and Fables Be an Expert! Oral Tradition Stories handed down through generations using word of mouth. These are stories we have all heard as a kid! Example: Goldilocks and the Three Bears

Jack and the Bean Stalk Sleeping Beauty Can you name some more? Folktales Includes Fairy Tales and Folklore Stories that have been passed down for hundreds of years Magic, imaginary

creatures, and talking animals can be included Example: Goldilocks and the Three Bears Characteristics of a Folktale Begins with a phrase such as, Once upon a

time . . ., or There once was . . . About ordinary people (or animals) and everyday life The number three is significant and repeated often There are good and bad characters Good characters are given a problem to solve Characteristics of Folktales Animals can talk Wishes are granted

Happy ending good wins over bad Everyone has heard them Transmitted through word of mouth No known author Fables Short story that teaches a lesson (called a moral) that people should apply to their own lives Characters are usually animals

Aesop is the most well-known author Example: The Tortoise and the Hare Legends Always about humans but can

have magic or supernatural events Based on real people who are considered heroes Story handed down for many years Passed off as a true story Example: Sleepy Hollow Characteristics of a Legend A story from the past about a subject that

was, or is believed to have been, historical Many legends tell about human beings who meet supernatural creatures Historical but not always factual Urban Legend Modern folklore consisting of stories believed by their tellers to be true Set in todays time; not historical Contains an element of mystery, horror, fear or

humor Rarely able to be traced to original origins and if they can be traced, the connections are often obscured by later embellishment or adaptation Elements of Urban Legends Often told on behalf of the original witness or participant. Ex. I know someone who Dire warnings are often given to those

who might not heed the legends warning Include a degree of plausibility Myths Stories about gods, goddesses, and spirits

Try to explain how things in the world were created Happened before the world we now live in May be connected to a religious belief system Example: Pandoras Box Characteristics of Myths The gods and goddesses have human emotions

Myths contain magic Gods and goddesses often appear in disguises Myths teach a lesson or explain the natural world

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