Name that Metal - TeachEngineering

Name that Metal - TeachEngineering

Name That Metal ! Metals copper aluminum zinc iron brass History of Copper

Copper Earliest known discovery: in 9000 BC in the Middle East Italians used copper lumps as money in the 6 t h -3 rd centuries BC Copper wire was used as an insulator in the early 1800s Historical uses: money, coins, wire, copper tubing in ancient Egypt, thin copper sheets for canvas paintings, coins History of Aluminum Aluminum Obtained name from Latin for alum, alumen Earliest traces found around 5300 BC,

however not discovered until 1800s by Sir Humphrey Davy Historical uses: fabric dyes, cosmetics History of Zinc Zinc Earliest traces in 20 BC 14 AD by the Romans Recognized as a separate metal in 16 t h century US production began in 1850 Historical uses: healing wounds, sore eyes History of Iron Iron Known and used since prehistoric timesmore than 7,000 years ago

Hittites in West Asia were among the first to use it After the Dark Ages, Mediterranean people used it Historical uses: kitchen utensils, jewelry, weapons (knives, arrowheads, spears) From 1000 BC to present day, iron is the most-used metal History of Brass Brass Copper-zinc alloys produced in the early fifth millenium BC in China Widely used in east and central Asia by second and third century BC Romans discovered how

to produce brass Historical uses: coins, jewelry, golden helmets, vessels and bowls Basic Properties Metal Densit y Melting Point Ferromagnet ic? copper (Cu)

8.96 gcm3 1084.62 C 1984.32 F No aluminum (Al) 2.70 gcm3 660.32 C 1220.58 F No zinc (Zn)

7.14 gcm3 419.53 C 787.15 F No iron (Fe) 7.874 gcm3 1538 C 2800 F Yes brass

8.73 gcm3 940 C 1724 F No Uses Metal Uses Electrical wiring, pipes, building construction, radiators, brakes, gutters, roofs, electric motors Packaging (cans, foils, bottle tops), aluminum airplanes, cars (wheels, impellers, hoods, (Al) mirrors), construction (casting, pipes,

skylights, rods, ladders) Batteries, paint, rubber, toothpaste, zinc (Zn) automotive parts, electrical and hardware industries, window and door frames Machinery, buildings, railings, tools (tieiron (Fe) rods, bolts, straps), bridges, kitchen appliances, automobile parts, ship frames Zippers, locks, bearings, gears, mirrors, brass musical instruments, fixtures, art, plumbing, cable connectors and fittings copper (Cu) References Copper: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper#Applications F a c t s a b o u t c o p p e r : h t t p : / / g e o l o g y. c o m / u s g s / u s e s - o f - c o p p e r / Aluminum: http://sam.davyson.com/as/physics/aluminium/siteus/uses.html U s e s o f a l u m i n u m : h t t p : / / w w w. b u z z l e . c o m / a r t i c l e s / a l u m i n u m - u s e s - o f - a l u m i n u m . h t m l A l u m i n u m : h t t p : / / w w w. a l u m i n u m . o r g / A M / C M / C o n t e n t D i s p l a y. c f m ? C o n t e n t F i l e I D = 6 1 4 7 4 & F u s e P r e v i e w = Ye s

Uses of zinc: http://wanttoknowit.com/uses-of-zinc/ Zinc: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zinc#Applications Zinc fact sheet for health professionals: http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Zinc-HealthProfessional/ U s e s o f i r o n : h t t p : / / w w w. b u z z l e . c o m / a r t i c l e s / i r o n - u s e s - o f - i r o n . h t m l The iron bridge: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Iron_Bridge B r a s s : h t t p : / / s c i e n c e . y o u r d i c t i o n a r y. c o m / a r t i c l e s / w h a t - i s - b r a s s - m a d e - f r o m . h t m l B r a s s t u b e s : h t t p : / / w w w. m e h t a - g r o u p . c o m / b r a s s - t u b e - f o r - g e n e r a l - e n g i n e e r i n g . h t m l F a c t s t o k n o w a b o u t b r a s s : h t t p : / / w w w. e h o w. c o m / l i s t _ 6 6 2 0 4 3 3 _ m e t a l - b r a s s . h t m l A b r i e f h i s t o r y o f c o p p e r : h t t p : / / w w w. c s a . c o m / d i s c o v e r y g u i d e s / c o p p e r / o v e r v i e w. p h p H i s t o r y o f z i n c : h t t p : / / w w w. z i n c . o r g / b a s i c s / h i s t o r y _ o f _ z i n c History of iron: http://nautilus.fis.uc.pt/st2.5/scenes-e/elem/e02610.html I r o n : h t t p : / / w w w. h i s t o r y f o r k i d s . o r g / l e a r n / s c i e n c e / m i n i n g / i r o n . h t m C o p p e r : h t t p : / / w w w. c o p p e r. o r g / p u b l i c a t i o n s / n e w s l e t t e r s / i n n o v a t i o n s / 2 0 0 0 / 0 1 - b r a s s e s / h i s t o r y _ b r a s s . h t m l The history of brass: http://metals.about.com/od/properties/a/The-History-Of-Brass.htm Image Sources SLIDE 1: Q u e s t i o n f a c e : M i c r o s o f t c l i p a r t a t h t t p : / / o ff i c e . m i c r o s o f t . c o m / e n - u s / i m a g e s / r e s u l t s . a s p x ? q u = q u e s t i o n & e x = 1 # a i : M C 9 0 0 4 3 4 4 11 |

SLIDE 3: To p l e f t ( c o i l e d c o p p e r p i p e ) M i s s o u r i S t a t e H i g h w a y P a t r o l h t t p : / / w w w. m s h p . d p s . m o . g o v / M S H P We b / P a t r o l D i v i s i o n s / D D C C / U n i t s / R u r a l C r i m e s / r u r a l C r i m e s . h t m l To p r i g h t ( a l u m i n u m f o i l ) C i t y o f D u r h a m , N C http://durhamnc.gov/ich/op/swmd/Pages/RecyclingIsGreat.aspx M i d d l e ( z i n c ) 2 0 1 0 A l c h e m i s - h p , Wi k i m e d i a C o m m o n s h t t p : / / c o m m o n s . w i k i m e d i a . o rg / w i k i / F i l e : Z i n c _ f r a g m e n t _ s u b l i m e d _ a n d _ 1 c m 3 _ c u b e . j p g Lower left (iron ore pellets, pile) 2007 Lars Lentz h t t p : / / c o m m o n s . w i k i m e d i a . o rg / w i k i / F i l e : L i g h t n i n g Vo l t _ I r o n _ O r e _ P e l l e t s . j p g L o w e r r i g h t ( b r a s s p o t ) 2 0 1 2 A d i t y a m a d h a v 8 3 , Wi k i m e d i a C o m m o n s h t t p : / / c o m m o n s . w i k i m e d i a . o r g / w i k i / File:Brass_vessel_at_Madhurawada.JPG?fastcci_from=542574 SLIDE 4: ( n a t i v e c o p p e r c h u n k ) 2 0 0 9 J o n a t h a n Z a n d e r, Wi k i m e d i a C o m m o n s h t t p : / / c o m m o n s . w i k i m e d i a . o rg / w i k i / F i l e : N a t C o p p e r. j p g To p l e f t ( c o p p e r p i p e f i t t i n g s ) 2 0 0 7 To r s t e n B t g e , Wi k i m e d i a C o m m o n s h t t p : / / c o m m o n s . w i k i m e d i a . o rg / w i k i / F i l e : K u p f e r f i t t i n g s _ 4 0 6 2 . j p g SLIDE 5: A l u m i n u m ( r o c k ) U . S . G e o l o g i c a l S u r v e y h t t p : / / c o m m o n s . w i k i m e d i a . o rg / w i k i / F i l e : A l u m i n u m _ M e t a l . j p g

Image Sources SLIDE 6: (zinc capsules) National Institutes of Health http://ods.od.nih.gov/images/content/Zinc-Pills.jpg ( z i n c o x i d e p o w d e r o n p l a t e ) 2 0 0 5 Wa l k e r m a , Wi k i m e d i a C o m m o n s h t t p : / / c o m m o n s . w i k i m e d i a . o rg / w i k i / F i l e : Z i n c _ o x i d e . j p g SLIDE 7: (3 iron arrowheads) New Mexico Bureau of Land Management h t t p : / / w w w. n m . b l m . g o v / f e a t u r e s / d i n e t a h / d i s k _ i m a g e s / n e w _ s p a i n / w e a p o n s . h t m l ( w r o u g h t i r o n r a i l i n g ) S e a t t l e P a r k s D e p t . h t t p : / / w w w. s e a t t l e . g o v / PA R K S / p e rg o l a / d e f a u l t . h t m SLIDE 8: ( b r a s s r i n g ) N a t i o n a l P a r k S e r v i c e h t t p : / / w w w. n p s . g o v / m e d i a / p h o t o / g a l l e r y. h t m ? t a g I D = 1 2 7 9 0 ( b r a s s 5 - y e n c o i n s ) U . S . M i n t h t t p : / / w w w. u s m i n t . g o v / k i d s / c a r t o o n s / c o i n s o f t h e w o r l d / h t m l / j a p a n / ? s = 4 ( b r a s s b o w l ) 2 0 0 9 P e t e r L e w i s , Wi k i m e d i a C o m m o n s h t t p : / / c o m m o n s . w i k i m e d i a . o rg / w i k i / F i l e : B r a s s S C C 1 . j p g SLIDE 10: top to bottom Copper timpani/drum: Microsoft clipart at http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx? qu=copper&ex=1#ai:MC900390656| A l u m i n u m c a n : M i c r o s o f t c l i p a r t a t h t t p : / / o ff i c e . m i c r o s o f t . c o m / e n - u s / i m a g e s / r e s u l t s . a s p x ? qu=aluminum&ex=1#ai:MP900341725|mt:2|

B r a s s z i p p e r & p u l l : M i c r o s o f t c l i p a r t a t h t t p : / / o ff i c e . m i c r o s o f t . c o m / e n - u s / i m a g e s / r e s u l t s . a s p x ? qu=zipper&ex=1#ai:MP900309622| Battery: Microsoft clipart at http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx? qu=batteries&ex=1#ai:MC900434731|mt:1,2| I r o n b r i d g e : 2 0 0 7 N i g e l C o x , Wi k i m e d i a C o m m o n s h t t p : / / c o m m o n s . w i k i m e d i a . o rg / w i k i / F i l e : L i v e r p o o l , _ T h e _ I r o n _ B r i d g e , _ S e f t o n _ P a r k , _ L 1 7 _ _ g e o g r a p h . o rg . u k _ - _ 3 4 2 4 4 4 . j p g

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