Native American Cultures of Texas

Native American Cultures of Texas

American Indian Cultures of Texas Culture- the customs, beliefs, ideas, etc. of a society or group of people. What is the culture like here in Houston,

Texas? What do you think the culture was like for Native Americans? Vocabulary Culture- the customs, beliefs, ideas, etc. of a society or group of people. Race- a class or kind of people unified by community of interests, habits, appearances, or characteristics

with common ancestors. Custom- a practice common to many people or to a particular place or class of people. Tradition- a customary pattern of thought, action, or behaviors. Ethnicity- people that share racial, cultural, and/or common language characteristics. Nationality- coming from the same nation. Tribe- social group made up of many families. 4 Cultures of Indians in TX

Gulf Culture Southeastern Culture Plains Culture Puebloan Culture Gulf Culture Tribes: Karankawa (Ka+rawk+a

+wa) Coahuiltecan (Co+a+wilt+i+ can) Gulf Culture

Housing: Nomadic campsites (moved every few weeks) Food Sources: Fishing from Gulf of Mexico & rivers, hunting animals, & gathering fruits & herbs. Daily life: Matrilineal;

women took care of the campsite; men hunted. Made dugout canoes. Religions & customs: Had many Gods; Shamans were important for religious ceremonies. a a w c

a e k t l n i a u r a h

K a o C n Southeastern Culture Caddo cAd+O Wichita

which+it+ a Atakap Attack+a+ a pa Southeastern

Culture Housing: large dome shaped homes with woven straw Food Sources: farming, hunting when available and fishing Daily Life: Men cleared the fields & women planted & tended the crops Religions & Customs: Groups of

Caddo made up a Confederacy (union; matrilineal) Each group had 2 leaders; Political leader & Spiritual leader Southeastern Culture Made dug out canoes. Wichit a

Cadd o Atakap a Plains Culture Tribes Comanc he Kiow Apac

he a Ki+uh+ wa Tonkaw Plains Culture Housing: animal skin tepees Food Sources: hunting

bison (buffalo) & gathering fruits & herbs Daily Life: Nomadic, skilled horsemen; Culture centered on hunting & war; excellent horsemanship Religions & Customs: Males expected to become warriors; Recorded their history with painted pictures on bison hides. Fought other tribes for territory

(hunting grounds) Plains Culture Skilled horseman that hunted the bison Kiowa Apach e Comanch Tonkaw e a

hy did the American Indians of the Plains Cultu live in tepees unlike other native cultures? Puebloan Culture tribes Jumanos hoo+mon+ o Tigua Teg+w

s a Puebloan Housing: Adobe homes Culture Food Sources: hunt, gather, & farmed using irrigation from rivers Daily Life: traded goods

with other tribes Religions & Customs: Had striped tattoos on their face so other tribes would recognize them as peaceful traders. Traditional Tiguas had a matrilineal culture Tiguas Jumanos

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