Natural Selection Essential Question #2 Lesson #2 This week, we will Simulate the natural selction of a fictional moth population over several generations. Graph the changes in a peppered moth population during the British industrial revolution. Interpret and analyze the graph according
to what we know about the British industrial revolution. Natural Selection Simulation How can a population change over time? Natural Selection Simulation Instructions 1.) Trace eight butterflies using the outline on page 24. 2.) Pick a spot around the classroom where you will
place your butterfly. It must be placed out in the open. Shade your butterflies IDENTICALLY, and so that they will blend in with the spot you choose. 3.) You will attach ONE of the butterflies to the wall with tape, in the spot it will be the most inconspicuous. 4.) One bird will have one minute to hunt as many of the moths as possible. If your butterfly is removed, it has died. If it is NOT removed, you may add one morerepresenting that it was able to live long enough to reproduce. 5.) We will complete 2-3 generations and see how the population has changed.
1 Period st 2 Period nd 3 period rd The Peppered Moth
A Historical Example of Natural Selection Create a double-line graph to organize the following data Year # of Light Moths # of Dark Moths
2 537 112 3 484 198
4 392 210 5 246
281 6 225 337 7 193
412 8 147 503 9
84 550 10 56 599 Interpret
Put these steps in order! A: Many years ago, the trees in the countryside between London and Manchester were covered with light-colored lichens. B: Many of the light colored moths couldnt survive long enough to reproduce. Meanwhile, the dark colored moths began to flourish, since they could easily blend in to the soot-covered tree bark. C: After a few years, the moth population, once predominately light-colored, was almost entirely dark. This phenomenon is called industrial melanism. D: The light colored moths were no longer able to blend in to the
tree bark, making it easier for birds to find and eat them. E: The moths that lived there were also light colored, which allowed them to easily blend in to the lichen covered trees to avoid being eaten by birds. F: At the start of the Industrial Revolution, coal-burning factories began to emit sulfur dioxide and soot, which killed many of the lichens and turned the bark a dark black color. AE F B D C
Analyze Explain in your own words what the graph is showing. Include the following vocabulary in your explanation Survivors Offspring Adaptation Environment Natural Selection Camouflage
Summary of the Peppered Moth http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=LyRA807djLc
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