Negosiasi Makna: Kunci Menuju Kompetensi Wacana

Negosiasi Makna: Kunci Menuju Kompetensi Wacana

Negotiation of Meanings: Towards Discourse Competence [email protected] Communicative Competence Communicative competence is discourse competence

Discourse is communication Communication is an act of creating text (conversation, monologue, essay) To create a text one has to negotiate meanings Text

is a semantic unit is meaningful makes sense occurs in context of situation Occurs in context of culture Negotiation

Negotiating means responding. The responding act can be done interpersonally and logico-semantically. These lie at the heart of communicative competence These are the focus of language education. Negotiating Interpersonally Tamara Subject MOOD A: B:

C: D: E: F: is Finite beautiful. RESIDUE Tamara is beautiful. No, she is not. Is she?

Well, she may be beautiful. She could be. People say so. She must be. Negotiating Interpersonally A: B: A: B: A: Somebody broke my ruler I didnt do it.

Who did? Somebody did. May be Sam Negotiating Logico-semantically What My name is your name? is Sekar.

Old and New Information Once upon a time, there was a little girl called Goldilocks. She was beautiful and very brave. Near her house, there was a jungle. In the jungle, there lived the Bear family: Papa bear, Mama Bear and Baby Bear. Communicating Spoken

Transactional conv. Interpersonal conv. Short functional texts Monologues Written Short functional texts Essays of different genres

Genre Communicative purpose Text structure Linguistic Features Developing Competence? Developing negotiating skills Raising awareness of genres (purpose)

Making students speak and write with sense of audience (make audience understand what they mean)

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