Negotiation of Meanings: Towards Discourse Competence [email protected] Communicative Competence Communicative competence is discourse competence
Discourse is communication Communication is an act of creating text (conversation, monologue, essay) To create a text one has to negotiate meanings Text
is a semantic unit is meaningful makes sense occurs in context of situation Occurs in context of culture Negotiation
Negotiating means responding. The responding act can be done interpersonally and logico-semantically. These lie at the heart of communicative competence These are the focus of language education. Negotiating Interpersonally Tamara Subject MOOD A: B:
C: D: E: F: is Finite beautiful. RESIDUE Tamara is beautiful. No, she is not. Is she?
Well, she may be beautiful. She could be. People say so. She must be. Negotiating Interpersonally A: B: A: B: A: Somebody broke my ruler I didnt do it.
Who did? Somebody did. May be Sam Negotiating Logico-semantically What My name is your name? is Sekar.
Old and New Information Once upon a time, there was a little girl called Goldilocks. She was beautiful and very brave. Near her house, there was a jungle. In the jungle, there lived the Bear family: Papa bear, Mama Bear and Baby Bear. Communicating Spoken
Transactional conv. Interpersonal conv. Short functional texts Monologues Written Short functional texts Essays of different genres
Genre Communicative purpose Text structure Linguistic Features Developing Competence? Developing negotiating skills Raising awareness of genres (purpose)
Making students speak and write with sense of audience (make audience understand what they mean)
Your Safety Attitude A good attitude toward safety is a key to preventing unnecessary incidents and injuries. Your attitude affects your safety and the safety of everyone around you, whether you are at work or at home.
Expanded Work. Traveled constantly to avoid detection "God's outlaw" More condemned Tyndale and sought his arrest "And for heretics, as they be, the clergy doth denounce them; and, as they be well worthy, the temporality doth burn them; and after...
Get involved inyour daughter's Maths education. Shopping : better value items . Restaurant bill. Cooking time . Planning holidays . Games including Sudoku/brainteasers. Homework - set 2x a week check equipment calculator , pens, rulers,
Guide me, O Thou great Jehovah. Pilgrim through this barren land. I am weak but Thou art mighty. Hold me with Thou powerful hand. Bread of heaven Bread of heaven. Feed me till I want no more. Feed me till...
The stages of mitosis and cell division define the M phase ("M" for mitosis). G1 ... Phosphorylation of the RAP,ORC,and RLFs triggers replication. After initiation, a post-RC state is established, and the RAP & RLFs are degraded. Table 10-4, p.257.
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