Objet R naturede la langue: conue comme un

Objet R naturede la langue: conue comme un

Objet

R

naturede la langue: conue comme un
ensemble de rgles et dexceptions
observables dans des phrases ou des
textes nature de la culture: la culture
trangre est synonyme de la
littrature et de beaux-arts; la langue
littraire crite est considr comme
suprieur de la langue orale

Relation Pdagogique
souvent appele la manire traditionelle ou
classique car elle servait enseigner les langues
classiques comme le grec et le latin; enseign
dans la langue maternelle des lves en la
prennant comme base; cette mthode na pas de
justification thorique, linguistique,
psychologique ou d ducation; il sagit
dapprendrela grammaire dune L2 comme aide
pour lapprentissage de L1, et galement pour
contribuer au dveloppement de lintellect

la
sur ur
ien vale ndre
e
er
r
r
squ leu app
; il

ire
pre de
n
u:
ire
ma
o
ten ncti mma nit gram nts
o
on
u
e
a
u c en f gr e de m e
n d pris ts de aqu ints es l e d
h
n
o
tio
n
c
d
lec s est s poi nu: ues p ion nseig f
s
i
Se
e
e texte ; le ont uelq rers est e uct
iqu des cult du c de q rog ire dd
act oix diffi tion our de p mma aon
did le ch leur nisa e aut n ou gra de f
ion on; ue rga is atio u:la soit
lat iati t q s O gan nis ten tif,
Re onc plut texte st or orga u con induc

n
e
e
pro rair t des ent ipe d ion d on
t
litt nen nem rinc nta de fa
e
n
p
rs soit
vie eig de
s
P
s
n
,
de a pa iques icite
l
ny guist exp
lin nire
ma

u n e la
le iqu tio
rre e, n
ur alla d
n n t en
es d se
t p u p ig
as ro n
to f em
lr l en
; app t
le re in
m nn ter
at an ac
re t T tio
ve ra n
ill ite Ee m A:
co ent plu
rri d e t
ge l ot
r c er un
ha reu e
qu r: act
e e en io
rre g n
ur nr se
ale ns
,

Chapitre 7
La mthode grammairetraduction

Agent

Sujet
Nature de l apprentissage: une
activit intellectuelle consistant
apprendre et mmoriser des
rgles et des exemples en vue
dune ventuelle matrise de la
morphologie et de la syntaxe de L2
Rle de l apprenant:il est amen
apprendre et mmoriser la
conjugaison verbale ainsi que de
nombreux mots de vocabulaire

Relation dapprentissage Rle de L1: la langue de
communication orale utilise en classe est L1, tant pour les directives
que pour les explications Activits pdagogiques: il sagit surtout
dexercices traduction

Rle de lenseignant: un
personage dominant, un
dtenteur du savoir et dautorit
qui pose des questions, assigne
des tches, , fournit la bonne
rponse, etc. Rle du matriel
didactique:lorsque le point de
dpart des leons se trouve dans
des textes littraires, ceux-ci
jouent un rle primordial

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