ALGAE Similarities and difference to higher plants Similarities

ALGAE Similarities and difference to higher plants Similarities

ALGAE Similarities and difference to higher plants Similarities Presence of cell wallmostly cellulosic. Autotrophs/Primary producers carry out photosynthesis Presence of chlorophyll a

Differences Algae lack the roots, stems, leaves, and other structures typical of true plants. Algae do not have vascular tissuesnon vascular plants Algae do not form embryos within protective coveringsall cells are fertile. Variations in pigments. Variations in cell structureunicellular, colonial and multicellular forms.

Mostly Algaes Supergroup Excavata Supergroup Archeoplastida Kingdom Euglenozoa (euglena) Kingdom Rhodophyta (red algae) Supergroup SAR Clade

Kingdom Stramenopila Phylum Chrysophyta (golden algae) Viridiplantae Kingdom Chlorophyta (green algae) Kingdom Charophytes Kingdom Plantae (embryophytes) Phylum Phaeophyta (brown algae) Phylum Heterokontophyta/Bacillariophyta (diatoms) Kingdom Alveolata

Phylum Dinoflagellata (dinoflagellates) Kingdom Rhizaria (rhizarians) Phylum Radiolaria Phylum Foraminifera Supergroups Excavata SAR: Stramenopila Euglenoids

diatoms, golden and brown algae SAR: Alveolata dinoflagellates SAR: Rhizaria Forams and radiolarians Archaeoplastida

Red and green algae Unikonta Slime molds Algal Slides to examine

Diatoms Peridinium Ceratium Spirogyra Chlamydomonas Volvox

Excavata Euglenoids SAR: Stramenopila Phylum Bacillariophyta: Diatoms Thecate- with shell Athecate- naked 2 kinds: centric (circular) and penate (oblong)

Frustule (silica shell) centric pennate SAR: Stramenopila Diatoms

Diatom Reproduction- asexual epithecate hypothecate auxospore Discards shell and grows new one

SAR: Stramenopila Diatoms Dividing frustule Asexual reproduction Sexual

reproduction SAR: Stramenopila Padina japonica Phaeophyta: Brown Algae Hydroclathrus clathratus

Turbinaria ornata Sargassum polyphyllum Sargassum echinocarpum SAR: Stramenopila Kelp

SAR: Alveolata Phylum Pyrrophyta: dinoflagellate Single-celled eukaryote Animal/plant type organism with 2 flagella

Bioluminescence Zooxanthellae: Symbiodinium Ceratium Archaeoplastida Spirogyra Archaeoplastida

Chlamydomonas Archaeoplastida Volvox Archaeoplastida Chlorophyta: Green Algae Halimeda opuntia

Codium edule Caulerpa sertularioides Caulerpa racemosa Dictyosphaeria cavernosa Archaeoplastida Rhodophyta: Red Algae

Acanthophora spicifera Ahnfeltia concinna Galaxaura fastigiata Hypnea chordacea Asparagopsis taxiformis

Thickener and help smooth: Many foods and milk-products Toothpaste

Beauty creams Paints Medical products- like bacterial culture plates, time-release

pills, and dental impression gels Acanthophora Gracilaria Hypnea Avrainvillae

Halimeda opuntia Kappaphycus Eucheuma Super Sucker

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