Early Latin America Introduction Course home page: http://www.hist.umn.edu
Early Latin America Introduction Course home page: http://www.hist.umn.edu /~rmccaa/colonial/index.htm 1 Todays Lecture Introduction: staff, syllabus Chronology: before, first encounters, seasoning, resurgence, independence Physical geography:
Tectonic plates, climate, physical features Prehistoric settlement types: bands, tribes, chiefdoms, states 2 Chronology Before, 1450-1492 America, Iberia and Africa First encounters, 1492-1575 Cantares Mexicanos (1523): Our cries of
grief rise up Seasoning, 1575-1750 Viceroy Toledo (1582): the Indians are resettled Resurgence, 1750-1808 Bourbon reconquest Independence, 1808-1825 Bolivar: Independence is the only benefit 3 New Spain
Latin America 1580: Spanish and Portuguese settlement domains Peru Brazil Cambridge Encyclopedia of Latin America & the Caribbean 4 Cambridge Encyclopedia of Latin America & the Caribbean New Spain S Latin America, 1808: Political
and Economic Geography G New Granada 1739 Brazil S Peru S S G Rio de la Plata 1776 5 Geography
Tectonic plates Mosaic of distinct geological units Climate Latitude: Night is the winter of the tropics. Ocean currents: hot, cold Altitude: hot, temperate, cold, very cold Physical features: Andean, Interior lowlands, Atlantic massifs Mesoamerica and Caribbean 6 Cambridge Encyclopedia of Latin America & the Caribbean
Tectonic Plates: PreCambrian Sedementary Plains Basins Young Mtns. Volcanic Basalt Plateau 7 Principal Physical Features. Key (meters): Cambridge Encyclopedia of Latin America & the Caribbean 3000-5000 1000-3000 500-1000 200-500 sea level-200 8
Prehistoric settlement types Bands: ~30 people per band foragers and fishers Tribes: ~200 people per tribe shifting agriculture Chiefdoms: 5,000 - 60,000 per irrigation: chinampas, terraces States: 100,000 - millions diversified agriculture, complex hierachies, 9
Cultural Types at Contact: Bands, Tribes, Chiefdoms, States Chiefdoms States Tribes Bands 10 Mexican marriage systems: continuity, 1540 - 1779; contrast, 1779-1930 (% women married aged 15 or more years) 1779, 1930, 1960, 1990: censos; 1540 - 850 mujeres nahuas
casadas nocasada 100 90 80 95% Not 70 70% porcentaje 60 50 Married 40
Marriage (at 15) Codex Mendoza, 1540 15: 12 5 complete conjugal families 4 generations, 3 married brothers (1540) Simply an old widow Son Married Married Head Married Son Married 1 yr ago
Married Son, Married 1 yr ago Married Married Son Married Married Niece, 20 Unmrrd Son, 10 Unmrrd 13
Aztec household structure before the spiritual conquest (1540) 1540: Predomina la familia extensa Familias nahuas de pueblos rurales de Morelos Not Head 13% jefe 13% conyugue 24% hijos 50% familiar Spouse 1% sinparen Kin Offspring Extended families were the norm 14
Heavy Launchers by Alain Souchier president Association Planète Mars France EMC11 Neuchâtel, 1 Octobre 2011 * Content Heavy launchers of the past World heavy and semi heavy launchers NASA heavy launcher Space X proposals Russian heavy and semi heavy launchers...
Student Processional Student Processional Map When the ceremony ends all students and faculty will file out with the last two rows leading the way. Faculty members will remain at the inside of the aisle until all students have exited the...
Budgets required Accounts Receivable ( Debtors ) Collections Budget. Cash Receipts Budget. Cash Payments Budget. GST and Cash Budgets Cash Basis GST liability arises when the payment is received or made. The 10% GST is calculated on the final amount...
The Darvaza well The Darvaza well In the middle of the Karakoum (Turkmenistan) desert, close to the disappeared village called Darvaza, there is a crater of about one hundred meters of diameter and more than twenty meters of depth, called...
Index CardSelf Reflection. Top left corner. On a scale of 1-5, how would you rank the level of student engagement in your classroom at the present time? Center. Describe examples of effective student . engagement that one might have observed...
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