Overview Need for Action Goods Movement Emissions Californias
Overview Need for Action Goods Movement Emissions Californias Strategy 1 Need for Action Public Health Is Imperative Will prevent attainment if not addressed Localized exposure and risk a significant concern Future Trends Dramatic increase in trade More emissions from entire goods
movement system Concentrated near population centers Some sources still poorly controlled 2 Emissions from Goods Movement On-road heavy-duty diesel trucks Land-based cargo handling and support equipment Ships Locomotives 3
2005 NOx Emissions In the South Coast Air Basin from a Variety of Sources 300 Port-related 200 On-road Trucks 150 100 In d ustrial S ou rces Off-ro ad E q u ip m ent Gasolin e
V ehicles 0 On -ro ad T rucks 50 P ort-related (tpd) 250 Gasoline Vehicles Off-road Equipment Industrial Sources
4 2020 NOx Emissions In the South Coast Air Basin from a Variety of Sources Port-related In d ustrial S ou rces Off-ro ad E q uip m ent Gasolin e V ehicles On -ro ad T rucks On-road Trucks
Sources 5 O ff-Road Equipm ent Diesel Trucks Railroads (tpd) 160 140 120 100 80 60 40
20 0 Ships Emission Trends for Various Port-related Sources In the South Coast Air Basin (NOx) 2000 2010 2020 6 Emission Trends for Various Port-related Sources In the South Coast Air Basin (PM) 12 10 8 6
4 O ff-Road Equipm ent Diesel Trucks 0 Railroads 2 Ships (tpd) 2000 2010
2020 7 Goods Movement & Ports: Air Quality Challenge The Public Meeting on Goods Movement & Ports February 11, 2005 Oakland, CA Californias Framework for Air Quality Improvement Governors Commitment to Reduce Port
Related Emissions Diesel Risk Reduction Plan 85% reduction in diesel PM by 2020 State Implementation Plan Blueprint for meeting federal air quality standards Governors Environmental Action Plan 50% reduction in emissions by 2010 Environmental Justice and Community Health 9 Key Strategies:
Ships Cleaner Fuels More Efficient Ships Cleaner Engines Shore Power 10 Key Strategies: On-Road Port Trucks
Fleet Modernization Smoke and Idling Enforcement PM Retrofits 11 Key Strategies: Cargo Handling Equipment Accelerate Turnover to Cleaner Engines In-Use Retrofits Alternative Fuels
Properties of acids and bases. Acids - Sour taste - Turns blue litmus paper red - Reacts with some metals to produce H. 2 - Dissolves carbonate salts, releasing CO. 2 Bases - Bitter taste - Turns red litmus paper...
Notice Paul's admonition about preaching the true gospel: Gal. 1:6-9. What Does It Mean To Preach Christ? Conclusion. Our goal is simple: Preach Christ and only Christ! Any other means to draw people to God is doomed to failure!
Special paper with raised lines, shaded lines, or color-coded lines. One piece of paper for each paragraph. ... Word processing software with grammar and spell checker. Printed or digital dictation and/or thesaurus . Word wall/word bank. Writing templates. Graphic organizers.
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