Nonverbal Communication - Illinois State University
Nonverbal Communication COM COM 372 372 Theory Theory and and Research Research in in
Intercultural Intercultural Communication Communication Defining Nonverbal Communication Messages people send to others that do not contain words, such as messages tsent through body motions; vocal qualities; and the use of time, space, artifacdts, dress, and
even smell (Neuliep, 2006, p. 286) When senders OR receivers give meaning? (That is, when behavior has meaning potential) NOTE: Not sign language (which is verbal) Relation to Verbal Comm The role of emblems Signs and symbols Indexical
Iconic Symbolic Attribution Paralanguage (neither V nor NV!) Relation to Verbal Comm
Haptics Olfactics Body angle Spacethe final frontier Territory Primary, secondary, tertiary Marking your territory Examples
Personal space ET Halls in the zone Space violations: EVT Background Arousal Theory: Arousal Negative Evaluation Equilibrium Theory: Disequilibrium Compensation Both assume violations of expecations will be bad!
Main Point We as individuals, have expectations about interaction with others. These expectations include many things such as physical proximity, speech rate, volume, eye contact and touching. Normally, we are not aware of these expectations until they are violated. These expectations form the focus of the theory. These violations are interpreted on a continuum of valences from bad to good. Main Concepts Expectancies (Expectations
Enduring patterns of anticipated verbal and nonverbal behaviors Two kinds: predictive & prescriptive Predictive- the degree to which a behavior is regarded as appropriate, desired, or preferred Prescriptive- idealized standards of conduct rather than actual communicative practice Three sources (Interaction Adaptation Theory): Characteristic behavior of the person (modal) Social expectations for the situation
Receivers desired behavior in the situation Channels & Issues of NVC Issue #3: Time Linear/Cyclical Polychronic/Monochronic Past/Present/Future Formal/Informal On-time v. In time
Channels & Issues of NVC Issue #4: Silence & Sound Paralinguistics & the problem of volume The use & meaning of silence(s) Bassos hypothesis Braithwaites extension Other silences On misunderstanding silence
& sound Beginning to theorize http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3fda G7ULqAo&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jbd1tr Nz9bY Semiotics Many views/aspects!
Roland Barthes (Mythologies) 1. Sign = signifier + signified 2. Sign systems (codes) 3. Ideology (sign/semiotic shift, myth)
The concept that we have unlimited wants and needs in a world of limited resources. Something you must have to survive. Something that you desire or would like. A plan of action put in place prior to a natural disaster...
ENCs were originally digitized from the raster / paper charts and maintained after the raster / paper chart. Inconsistencies were created by this process. Lack of understanding of S-57, S-52 and ECDIS standards created charts that were cluttered and hard...
Alex. El nuevo pisoVicky: Oye, ¿qué tal el nuevo piso? Os acabáis de mudar, ¿ verdad?Mandy: Sí, pues nosotros muy contentos con el piso. precioso y muy grande.Vicky: A ver, cuéntame más detalles. ¿Cómo ?Mandy: El piso en el cuarto...
Brain-based model for Collaborating with & Influencing others. Status, Certainty, Autonomy, Relatedness, and Fairness. Anti-collaboration patterns. When the team's . status. is uneven, members are reluctant to take a risk in front of managers. When the team feels un. certain....
Ako dva najdôležitejšie a najvšeobecnejšie elementy kultúry môžeme chápať schopnosť ľudských bytostí konštruovať a budovať a schopnosť používať jazyk (chápaný všeobecne ako zahŕňajúci všetky formy znakových systémov)." Edgar, A.: Culture. In: Edgar, A., Sedgwick, P. 2005: Key Concepts of Cultural...
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What's new in Anatomic Pathology Quality Assurance? Raouf E. Nakhleh, MD. ... Nottingham Score Overall Grade (1, 2, 3, not graded) 16. Tubular Differentiation ... Leads to insight of effectiveness of guideline (2010)