Notebook Universities do not have to be Expensive

Notebook Universities do not have to be Expensive

Effective and Practical Use of eTextbooks Dr. Roger Von Holzen Northwest Missouri State University http://cite.nwmissouri.edu/presentations/ 1 Presenters Environment Northwests enrolls almost 7,000 students

A Northwest goal is to ensure that graduates have strong computer competencies Northwest has provided textbooks to students for over 100 years Northwests Electronic Campus provides a notebook computer to every student Northwests eTextbook option was the natural next step forward for its Electronic

Campus* 2 Notebook Computers and Textbooks 2008 campus marketing survey confirmed: Students and graduates value the cost savings of the notebook and textbook rental programs

3 Costs for Notebook Computers and Textbooks Northwest charges students about $360 per year for a wireless notebook computer Its all about the cost per read Rentals can get up to 15 or more reads per textbook Reselling used textbooks can get up to 5 or more reads per book

Northwest charges about $180 per year ($6/sch) for students to rent their textbooks* 4 eBooks and eReaders Constantly in the news Kindle from Amazon.com Kindle: $299 plus shipping Kindle DX: $489 plus shipping

Conducting pilot study with 6 universities Princeton, Case Western Reserve, Pace, Arizona State, University of Virginia, and Reed College* 5 eBooks and eReaders Sonys original Reader About $250 with quantity purchase Also available through retail markets such as Target and Best Buy

New models PRS-300 to retail for $199 PRS-600 to retail for $299 Will begin selling digital books only in the ePub format* 6 eBooks and eReaders Plastic Logic Personal computers

iPhones from Apple New reader app from CourseSmart that draws on 7,000 college texts from a dozen major publishers AlgebraPrep app from Pearson Higher Education Tutorials and mini-tests $2.99 download from iTunes store* 7 Using a Sony Reader

Device has 6-inch display Utilizes E Ink technology almost paper-like easy to read even in bright sunshine allows for high contrast and high resolution, with a near 180 viewing angle. Text can be changed between three different sizes One touch buttons to move backward and forward through book pages* 8

Phase IeReaders 9 Northwests eTextbook Project Initiated by President Hubbard after acquiring a Kindle for personal use Proposed to faculty in August 2009 Over 20 faculty members volunteered to participate in project

Pilot project encompassed three phases Phase Iuse of eReaders Phase IIuse of notebook computers Phase IIIfull integration of eTextbooks and electronic learning resources* 10 Loading a Sony Reader eTextbooks are first downloaded from the publisher web site to the students notebook computers

Transfer eTextbooks to the Sony Reader via the USB connection Reader is recharged through the USB connection to the notebook computer Possible to install Sony library software to purchase and manage eTextbooks and eBooks from The eBook Store from Sony* 11 Phase I Findings

There are multiple components to a textbook, including graphs and images, with all having separate copyrights The formatting of content for eReaders can require weeks to complete For campus-wide deployment there are currently not enough eReader-compatible eTextbooks Most eTextbooks are available only through notebook computers and/or web access PDF formatted textbooks have restrictive and slow navigation options*

12 Phase I Findings Students have a high affinity for handheld electronic devices Students like the idea of not having to carry 20 or 30 pounds of textbooks in their backpacks Keyword searching and annotating are very important features for students and faculty The enthusiasm quickly waned for eReaders without the needed search and annotation features

Students found the eReaders were attention getters but were not attention keepers* 13 Phase I Findings eReaders work best for pleasure reading Incorporates E Ink technology for great readability Features low power consumption and long battery life Black/white only Students want ePub-formatted books

No Flash animation or video No interactivity possible with online resources and course sites* 14 Phase IINotebook Computers 15 Northwest Notebook Check-out and eTextbook Loading

Students pick up their notebook computers prior to the first week of classes Students are given eTextbook access codes The Electronic Campus Support Center available for hardware/software repair Assist students to download and activate VitalSource Bookshelf Assist students to download

eTextbooks* 16 VitalSource Bookshelf Promotes one standard on campus and not multiple standards eTextbook web connection on campus software loadset Bookshelf files are download to the students computer Can be integrated with single sign-on with course management system

Students may: customize their page views search single books or any group of books Highlight, take and share searchable notes print and copy-and-paste with bibliographic support* 17 18

19 20 21 22 23 24

Phase II Deployment Goal: evaluate eTextbooks designed for use on student notebook computers Phase II was completed during the spring semester of 2009 Concentrated on the deployment of eTextbooks provided by five publishers Eleven of a possible 19 academic departments volunteered to

participate Twenty classes, across the 11 departments, were selected to use eTextbooks Approximately 500 students were involved in Phase II* 25 Sample Cost Comparisons Pilot Course Title

Cost of Traditional Textbook Approx. Cost of eTextbook Fundamentals of Business Finance* $168.00 $72.25 (VitalSource) Human Resources Management*

$130.00 $68.75 (VitalSource) Intercultural Communication* $95.00 $51.48 (CourseSmart 180 day subscription) Management Information Systems*

$140.00 $71.49 (CourseSmart 180 day subscription) Introduction to Psychology $121.00 $62.95 (CourseSmart 180 day subscription) 26

Phase II Findings The delivery of eTextbooks to students via their notebook computers was a simple and very efficient process Students were able to complete the downloading of eTextbooks with little assistance from university support staff Several publishers were able to provide enhanced eTextbooks with quizzes and shared notes The need for standardized reading features appeared useful as some students used multiple eTextbooks Students could continue to see the potential for carrying backpacks that weighed less

Some eTextbook features, if used in the classroom, need additional Wi-Fi connectivity* 27 Advantages of eTextbooks Facilitates integrated learning resources for the student Content provided by publisher can be placed within the CMS Potential for translating lower

costs into lower charges to students Textbook publishers have shown a substantial commitment to research in order to develop a new vision for eTextbooks* 28 Phase IIIIntegration of eTextbooks and Electronic Resources

29 Enhanced Course Sites Provide faculty with guidelines as to expectation for eTextbooks and related supplemental electronic materials No longer accept PDF-formatted eTextbooks Push to integrate supplemental materials and eTextbook within course management website*

30 31 32 33 Moving Forward eTextbooks will/may replace traditional textbooks as they become available

Faculty will continue to select eTextbooks and textbooks based on their content Interactive online content will be required within the eTextbook environment (no simple PDF files only) Standardized on VitalSource as the eTextbook delivery system*

34 Moving Forward Need to continue negotiations with publisher for price structure that works within a textbook rental format Publishers request exclusive contracts CengageBrain website offers electronic or paper textbooks for 60, 90 or 130 day rentals 40 to 70 percent lower than retail

McGraw-Hill offers some textbooks for rent through Chegg, an online textbook-rental website Barnes & Noble to pilot rental program at three of its college bookstores* 35 Moving Forward Continue to search for new delivery platform Tablet PC with eReader option

Industry concerned about: dominance of Amazon.com through its Kindle and $9.99 pricing of popular books role of ePub as an open standard for eBooks and eTextbooks waiting to see what Apple will do Speculation that Apple will introduce a table computer that can function as a reading device* 36 Key Points

eReaders currently do not have the functionality to support eTextbooks eBooks are not the same as eTextbooks Reads per purchase can be controlled in the eTextbook/eBook environment Cost per read is currently higher with eTextbooks vs. paper textbooks Rental of textbooks and eTextbooks is gaining momentum The penetration of eTextbooks will be throttled by their lack of innovation*

37 Dr. Roger Von Holzen [email protected] Northwest Missouri State University Maryville, MO http://cite.nwmissouri.edu/presentations/ 38

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