Organ Printing - University of Rhode Island

Organ Printing - University of Rhode Island

Organ Printing Vi Tran BME 181 April 1, 2013 The Need For Organs Today -117,521 people in United States in need of organ according to organdonor.gov -Each day 79 receive organ each day while 18 will die from a lack of one

-Kidneys, hearts, livers, lungs are most needed organs What is Organ Printing? -Integrating biology and 3-D printing technology -A process where an artificial organ can be created using a 3-D printer/bioprinter -Currently NO real organ has been successful created, but scientists are currently working on this idea and are making progress -First commercial bioprinter company is Organovo

-Printed blood vessels and cardiac tissue from chicken cells in 2008 How Does It Work? -Uses bioink, mixture of stem cells -Printer moves back and forth dropping out one bioink particle at a time to form one layer -Printer prints out one layer of cells at a time on biopaper, which is made up of collagen, water, and hydrogels -Layers are printed one top of each

other -After cells fuse, biopaper is removed Current Developments: Doctor Anthony Atala -Director at Wake Forest Institute of Regenerative Medicine and a surgeon -Part of the team that created first functional artificial bladder to be implanted in a human

-In 2011, successfully printed a kidney from human cells in seven hours -Not functional in humans yet but his research is still in progress Current Developments: University of Pennsylvania -Team: Dr. Jordan Miller, Dr. Christopher Chen, and Dr. Sangeeta Bhatia -Created a sugar template that can helps shape development of a

vascular network for artificial organs -After network is printed, cells are inserted and network then grows -Sugar template is dissolved after completion of development Why Doesnt it Work? -Difficult to create blood vessels between tissue layers -Organs have many specialized functions difficult to replicate Benefits and Disadvantages -Artificial organ personalized using patients own cells

-No DNA rejection -Eliminate need for immunosuppressant drugs needed after a regular organ transplant -Eliminate organ donation -No waiting period -Printers cost hundreds of thousands of dollars -Possibly more expensive than regular organ transplant

-Use of stem cells is still controversial -Cost of using stem cells -Not successfully created yet The Future -Advancements in tissue engineering and 3-D printing technology will help in development of artificial organs from organ printing -If achieved, more lives could saved and prolonged Questions? Works Cited

"3-D Printing Getting Organ-ized." Urban times, 2013. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. . "Bioprinting." N.p., 1 Mar. 2013. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. . Hill, David. "GROWING HUMAN ORGANS DR. ANTHONY ATALA BLOWS THE MINDS OF A TED AUDIENCE." N.p., 2012. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. . Lerner, Evan. "Penn Researchers Improve Living Tissues With 3D Printed Vascular Networks Made From Sugar." University of Pennsylvania, 1 July 2012. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. . "Media Coverage." Organovo, 2013. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. .

"Organ Printing: Computer-aided Jet-based 3D Tissue Engineering." N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. . U.S. Government Information on Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation, n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. .

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