P H I L O S O P H Y - Cengage

P H I L O S O P H Y - Cengage

PHILOSOPHY A Text with Readings ELEVENTH EDITION MAN U E L V E LAS Q U E Z CHAPTER SEVEN: ETHICS PHILOSOPHY

Ethics is the study of those values that relate to our moral conduct, including questions of good and evil, right and wrong, and moral responsibility. CHAPTER SEVEN: ETHICS PHILOSOPHY The descriptive study of ethics, which

raises the issue of ethical relativism, studies ethics from a factual point of view. Normative ethics is the search for principles of moral behavior that are reasonable. CHAPTER SEVEN: ETHICS PHILOSOPHY

Consequentialist theories claim that the morality of an action depends only on its consequences. CHAPTER SEVEN: ETHICS PHILOSOPHY Egoism is the consequentialist position that states the following: always act in

such a way that your actions promote your best long-term interests. CHAPTER SEVEN: ETHICS PHILOSOPHY Act utilitarianism is the consequentialist position that states this: always act so that your actions produce the greatest

happiness for everyone. CHAPTER SEVEN: ETHICS PHILOSOPHY Rule utilitarianism is the consequentialist position that states the following: always follow those rules that tend to produce the greatest happiness for everyone.

CHAPTER SEVEN: ETHICS PHILOSOPHY Nonconsequentialist theories claim that the morality of an action depends on factors other than consequences. CHAPTER SEVEN: ETHICS

PHILOSOPHY Divine command theory is a nonconsequentialist theory that enjoins us to follow the law of God. There are scriptural and natural law versions of divine command theory. CHAPTER SEVEN: ETHICS

PHILOSOPHY Kant's categorical imperative is a nonconsequentialist position that states this: always act in such a way that your reasons for acting are reasons you could will to have everyone act on in similar circumstances, and always treat persons as ends and not merely as means.

CHAPTER SEVEN: ETHICS PHILOSOPHY Buddhism emphasizes volition and ties morality to wisdom. Its moral code is expressed in precepts that invite followers to refrain from certain actions and to develop certain virtues.

CHAPTER SEVEN: ETHICS PHILOSOPHY Virtue ethics identifies the character traits of the morally good person; it emphasizes the kind of person we should become instead of principles of action. Some virtue theories argue that male and female

virtues differ. CHAPTER SEVEN: ETHICS PHILOSOPHY Application of the normative theories to issues such as abortion and euthanasia suggests that each theory provides important and distinctive insights into

factors that should be taken into account when making moral decisions. CHAPTER SEVEN: ETHICS PHILOSOPHY The concept of moral responsibility is associated with the concept of excusability, which holds that there are

circumstances under which we should excuse people for their decisions and conduct. CHAPTER SEVEN: ETHICS PHILOSOPHY In response to the claim that moral responsibility is not possible in a strictly

deterministic universe, three main positions can be identified: determinism, libertarianism, and compatibilism. CHAPTER SEVEN: ETHICS

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • 48x36 Poster Template - Dan MacIsaac

    48x36 Poster Template - Dan MacIsaac

    Over the past 10 years, I have had the opportunity to teach in a full spectrum of educational environments. After receiving a B.S. in Physics from Rochester Institute of Technology in 2004, I shifted my focus to physics education and...
  • Diapositive 1 - FJP

    Diapositive 1 - FJP

    Comme indiqué dans ce document, le groupe et sa trentaine de filiales changeront d'appellation au 1er avril 2014, date de lancement de la nouvelle année fiscale pour l'entreprise. Retour à ma liste d'articles 30-JANVIER-2014 Disney se donne des allures mode...
  • Gnutella2: A Better Gnutella? - Carleton University

    Gnutella2: A Better Gnutella? - Carleton University

    Gnutella2: A Better Gnutella? COMP 5204: Data Networks Julie Thorpe School of Computer Science Carleton University Introduction Gnutella and Gnutella2 are P2P application protocols. Gnutella has an interesting history - essentially a reverse engineered Beta version. Changes governed by Gnutella...
  • 1. The frog lives in the water. 2.

    1. The frog lives in the water. 2.

    The female wolf howls. The female wolves howl. The male wolf runs. The male wolves run. Rana habitat in aquā Ranae habitant in aquā Lupa ululat Lupae ululant Lupus currit Lupi currunt The female slave works. The female slaves work....
  • The Book of Romans Chapter 1 Romans 1:1-2

    The Book of Romans Chapter 1 Romans 1:1-2

    This chapter furnishes the tempo for the entire epistle. ... Paul believes that Yeshua, as Messiah, is the Son of God who sits at the Father's right hand (he got this from Daniel). This is not the Tom Bradford perspective;...
  • Forming Political Opinions

    Forming Political Opinions

    Forming Political Opinions. Demographic Characteristics. Family, Peers, and School. The Mass Media. Cues from Leaders or Opinion Makers. Political Knowledge. 10.4. The first step in forming opinions occurs through a process known as political socialization.
  • NGC 3370 Spiral Galaxy - University of Kentucky

    NGC 3370 Spiral Galaxy - University of Kentucky

    A woman astronaut is going to fly to Alpha Centauri and back. (round trip = 9 light years) She is going to be traveling at 99% the speed of light, v = 297,000 km/s. The day she is ready to...
  • Presentación de PowerPoint - OAS

    Presentación de PowerPoint - OAS

    D.S. Nº 90/2000 NORMA DE EMISIÓN DE RILES A CUERPOS DE AGUA SUPERFICIALES NORMATIVA INTERNACIONAL CONVENIO PARA PREVENIR LA CONTAMINACIÓN DEL MAR (MARPOL 73/78) CONVENIO SOBRE COOPERACIÓN PREPARACIÓN Y LUCHA CONTRA LA CONTAMINACIÓN POR HIDROCARBUROS CONVENIO SOBRE COOPERACIÓN PREPARACIÓN Y...