Paleolithic - Hilldale Public Schools

Paleolithic - Hilldale Public Schools

Paleolithic Paleolithic Paleolithic---Old stone age

Paleolithic -Paleolithic---Old stone age -From the greek Paleo-meaning old,

and Lithic-meaning stone Paleolithic -Paleolithic---Old stone age

-From the greek Paleo-meaning old, and Lithic-meaning stone Estimated between 2 Mil BC to 30000BC

Discussion Questions What would scientist have to depend on to speculate on dates as far as human ancestry?

What are your personal perceptions on the suggested evolutionary progress of humanity? What might be missing that would suggest

that scientist are wrong about our ancestry? Right? Paleolithic

-Stone Tools---Manufactured by hand Paleolithic -Stone Tools---Manufactured by hand

-3 subdivisions of the Paleolithic Period Paleolithic -Stone Tools---Manufactured by hand

-3 subdivisions of the Paleolithic Period. 1. Lower- Human ancestry appears to exist in Fossil record.

Paleolithic -Stone Tools---Manufactured by hand -3 subdivisions of the Paleolithic Period. 1. Lower- Human ancestry appears to exist in

Fossil record. Lower ended 120,000 BC Evolutionary advancements ushered in Middle Paleolithic

Paleolithic 1. Middle lasted from 120000BC to 40000BC Paleolithic

-Middle lasted from 120000BC to 40000BC -Red Ochre body paint and cave paintings appear

Paleolithic -Middle lasted from 120000BC to 40000BC -Red Ochre body paint and cave paintings Appear

-Burial of the dead with purposeful items For afterlife point to religion. Discussion questions

What do you think is the essentials to surviving the harsh realities that early man may have faced? What might have to happen for a group of individuals to survive?

What would you need to survive in the wilderness? Paleolithic

-Upper Paleolithic Paleolithic -Upper Paleolithic

-Migration from Africa or the fertile crescent Into parts of Europe and other areas. Paleolithic

-Upper Paleolithic -Migration from Africa or the fertile crescent Into parts of Europe and other areas. -Campsites with storage pits

Paleolithic -Flint tools

Paleolithic -Flint tools. -Industry of making fine blades

Paleolithic -Paleolithic Art Paleolithic

-Paleolithic Art -Images and depiction appear in cave paintings Paleolithic

-Paleolithic Art -Images and depiction appear in cave paintings -Portable figures and talismans of venus Figurines ---Fertility goddesses

Paleolithic -Exotic material far from source indicates the Beginning of trade

Paleolithic -Exotic material far from source indicates the Beginning of trade

-Mediumdef. Anything an art work is made of Or painted with. (Ex. Mona Lisa, Oil and Canvass)

Discussion questions Why would mankind need to be artistic at this survival stage of the game? What value do you think such artistic elements may

have played in the life of early man? What function would music have during the early stages of mankind?

Neolithic-New Stone Age -Rise of Civilization Neolithic-New Stone Age

-Rise of Civilization -Catal Huyuk- (Chah-tall Hy-ook) Neolithic-New Stone Age

-Rise of Civilization -Catal Huyuk- (Chah-tall Hy-ook) -Neolithic and Copper age settlement in Turkey from 7500BC to 5700BC

Neolithic-New Stone Age -Catal Huyuk is the largest and best preserved Neolithic site discovered to date.

Neolithic-New Stone Age -Catal Huyuk is the largest and best preserved Neolithic site discovered to date.

-Discovered by John Mellart in 1958 Neolithic-New Stone Age -Catal Huyuk is the largest and best preserved

Neolithic site discovered to date. -Discovered by John Mellart in 1958 -Population between 5000 to 8000

Neolithic-New Stone Age -Catal Huyuk housing was accessed through the roof

Neolithic-New Stone Age -Catal Huyuk housing was accessed through the Roof -Communal ovens for cooking for village

Neolithic-New Stone Age -Catal Huyuk housing was accessed through the Roof

-Communal ovens for cooking for village -Trash and sewage outside in heaps beside the building

Neolithic-New Stone Age -Rituals and religion---the dead were left Exposed to the open air

1. What symbols of Religion or ritual do you have in your family? 2. What traditions does your family have that are distinct to you?

3. If you were buried as ancient man, what things would be buried with you that are meaningful?

Neolithic-New Stone Age -Rituals and religion---the dead were left Exposed to the open air -Bones gathered for rituals-ancestor

Worship? Neolithic-New Stone Age -If they were not exposed and the bones

Gathered, they were bound tightly in a fetal Postion and buried in the floor of the house. Neolithic-New Stone Age

-Skulls were painted and used for ritual, Painting with Red Ochre depicted human faces Neolithic-New Stone Age

-Skulls were painted and used for ritual, Painting with Red Ochre depicted human faces -Vivid murals and figurines found in the village site

Neolithic-New Stone Age -Skulls were painted and used for ritual, Painting with Red Ochre depicted human faces

-Vivid murals and figurines found in the village Site -graves and murals depict religion rich in symbolism

Neolithic-New Stone Age -Some murals depicted hunting, fishing-everyday

life Neolithic-New Stone Age

-Some murals depicted hunting, fishing-everyday Life -No class system and equality among genders

Discussion Point: Equality in genders. A lot has been said and written. Do you think there is appropriate equality between

male and female and why or why not? Neolithic-New Stone Age

-Markers of civilization 1. Social Structure A system of levels in society. This can be economic (jobs and wealth),

social (popularity) Neolithic-New Stone Age -Markers of civilization

2. Stable Food Supply When a society has enough food so it can survive, plus some extra to trade

Neolithic-New Stone Age -Markers of civilization 3. Religion A set of beliefs, usually in a god or gods,

together with forms of worship such as holidays, prayer services, and rituals. Neolithic-New Stone Age

-Markers of civilization 4. Government A group of people who keep law and order and make laws.

Neolithic-New Stone Age -Markers of civilization 5. Writing

Symbols and signs put together to make words. Neolithic-New Stone Age -Markers of civilization

6. Culture A people's unique way of life--all of its forms of creative expression and entertainment

Neolithic-New Stone Age -Markers of civilization 7. Technology All advances, inventions, and processes

created to make life easier. Neolithic-New Stone Age -Markers of civilization

Catal Huyuk religion involved goddess worship, And ancestor worship. Neolithic-New Stone Age

Jericho Neolithic-New Stone Age Jericho

-Oldest continually habited city along with Damascus in Syria Neolithic-New Stone Age

Jericho -Oldest continually habited city along with Damascus in Syria -20 successive settlements dating all the

Way back to 11000BC Neolithic-New Stone Age Jericho

-Oldest continually habited city along with Damascus in Syria -20 successive settlements dating all the Way back to 11000BC

-Lunar Diety worship (Diety-god or goddess) Neolithic-New Stone Age Jericho

-First permanent settlement around 8000BC Neolithic-New Stone Age Jericho

-First permanent settlement around 8000BC. -walls with 23 foot tower with stairs shows Architectural advancement

Neolithic-New Stone Age Jericho -Like Catal Huyuk, Jericho had a skull cult with Painted faces and sea shells for eyes.

Neolithic-New Stone Age Jericho -Like Catal Huyuk, Jericho had a skull cult with

Painted faces and sea shells for eyes. -Domestication of animals and Farming Neolithic-New Stone Age

Jericho -Like Catal Huyuk, Jericho had a skull cult with Painted faces and sea shells for eyes. -Domestication of animals and Farming

-Emergence of the Loom-Cloth making Rise of the Sumerians

Civilization Sumer

Civilization Sumer -True rise of Civilization

Civilization Sumer -True rise of Civilization -Sumerians claim that the god Enki brought their

Civilization intact around 3000BC Civilization Sumer

-True rise of Civilization -Sumerians claim that the god Enki brought their Civilization intact around 3000BC

Civilization Sumer -True rise of Civilization -Sumerians claim that the god Enki brought their

Civilization intact around 3000BC -Emergence of a Pantheon(A group of gods with Different Characters)

Civilization Sumer -True rise of Civilization -Sumerians claim that the god Enki brought their

Civilization intact around 3000BC -Emergence of a Pantheon(A group of gods with Different Characters) -This religion is known as polytheism

Civilization Sumer -Sumerian Kings List-mystic kings to authentic

Civilization Sumer -Sumerian Kings List-mystic kings to authentic

-Kings list includes Gilgamesh, the first literary Character in history. Neolithic-New Stone Age

Sumer -Dynasty Rule-kingship by inheritance Civilization

Sumer -Dynasty Rule-kingship by inheritance Civilization

Sumer -Dynasty Rule-kingship by inheritance -Sumer means Blackheads (Eww!)

Civilization Sumer -Dynasty Rule-kingship by inheritance -Sumer means Blackheads (Eww!)

-Mastery of irrigation and reservoirs Civilization Sumer

-Dynasty Rule-kingship by inheritance -Sumer means Blackheads (Eww!) -Mastery of irrigation and reservoirs -invented the wheel

Civilization Sumer -Trade routes established major cities with

Temple centers Civilization Sumer

-Trade routes established major cities with Temple centers -Formations of City-states with a king

Civilization Sumer -Trade routes established major cities with Temple centers

-Formations of City-states with a king -Power skirmishes happened frequently Civilization

Sumerian Geography Civilization Sumerian Geography

-two areasmountainous area in the North with Southern plains

Civilization Sumerian Geography -two areasmountainous area in the North with

Southern plains -Evidence of cave dwellers in Sumer during Paleolithic in the NE.

Civilization Sumerian Geography -Some simplistic rain driven villages in the Neolithic in the North.

-Southern Foothills spread into the plains Civilization Sumerian Geography

-Some simplistic rain driven villages in the Neolithic in the North. -Southern Foothills spread into the plains -Some simple irrigation in the 5th millenium BC

Civilization Sumerian Geography -As irrigation advanced, so did city growth

Civilization Sumerian Geography -As irrigation advanced, so did city growth

-shift of centralized cities with power skirmishes Civilization Sumerian Geography

-As irrigation advanced, so did city growth -shift of centralized cities with power skirmishes -the focus moved from Sumer to Akkad

Civilization Sumerian art Civilization

Sumerian art -obvious source of art was religion Civilization

Sumerian art -obvious source of art was religion -temple ziggurats and idols

Civilization Sumerian art -obvious source of art was religion -temple ziggurats and idols

-artistic motivation is mans struggle with the gods. Civilization

Sumerian art -obvious source of art was religion -temple ziggurats and idols -artistic motivation is mans struggle with the

gods. -As the civilization advanced, so did their Art (I.E. Winged Horsementdestroyed by ISIS)

Civilization Sumerian art -Eyes of idols were big to suggest all seeingall knowing.

Civilization Sumerian art -Eyes of idols were big to suggest all seeingall

knowing. -we would call early art Utility Art because necessity created it. (I.E. Royal Signet ring)

Civilization Sumerian art -Eyes of idols were big to suggest all seeingall knowing.

-we would call early art Utility Art because necessity created it. (I.E. Royal Signet ring) Civilization

Sumerian City Devolopment Civilization Sumerian City Development

-Cities set up in a maze to confuse invaders Civilization Sumerian City Development

-Cities set up in a maze to confuse invaders -Many wars were fought between tribes Civilization

Sumerian City Development -Cities set up in a maze to confuse invaders -Many wars were fought between tribes -Mudbrick arch developed in architecture

Civilization Sumerian City Development -Cities set up in a maze to confuse invaders

-Many wars were fought between tribes -Mudbrick arch developed in architecture -Sumer is the location the biblical Tower of Babel

Civilization Sumerian Succession of important cultures -Sumerian, Akkadian, Assyrian, Babylonian,

Persian. Civilization Sumerian Succession of important cultures

-Sumerian, Akkadian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian. Cities of Ur, Akkad, Uruk, Samarra, Ninevah, Nimrud, Babylon, Lagash, Kish

Civilization Mesopotamian Literature

Civilization Mesopotamian Literature -Cuniform writing-wedge shaped markers in wet clay

Civilization Mesopotamian Literature -Cuniform writing-wedge shaped markers in wet

clay -The Epic of Gilgamesh-worlds first literary work Civilization

Mesopotamian Literature -Cuniform writing-wedge shaped markers in wet clay -The Epic of Gilgamesh-worlds first literary work

-Note: Some speculate that Gilgamesh and Enkidu, the two characters may be biblical Nephilim a race of super giants.

Civilization Mesopotamian Literature -Story centers around Gilgameshs quest for immortality

Civilization Mesopotamian Literature -Story centers around Gilgameshs quest for

Immortality -In the story, Gilgamesh finds the survivor of a worldwide flood that holds the secret of eternal life.

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