Introduction to the Observation Tool PICCOLO Agenda 2 The Big Picture How the PICCOLO fits into the state evaluation plan Why the PICCOLO? What is the PICCOLO? - 4 Domains
- Observation and scoring - Feedback to parents PICCOLO implementation at your site STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW The Big Picture 3 WHAT WE WANT TO KNOW: Overall quality and effectiveness of PAT and HIPPY in Colorado
Are children (birth-K) exhibiting age-appropriate development? Are children (ages 3-K) exhibiting school readiness skills (and showing growth throughout their time in the program)? Are parents/caregivers reporting an increase in confidence, knowledge and engagement? STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW The Big Picture 4
WHAT WE WANT TO KNOW and HOW WERE MEASURING IT: Overall quality and effectiveness of PAT and HIPPY in Colorado Site visits, fidelity monitoring, PAT Essential Requirements, PAT Quality Endorsement Process, HIPPY Accreditation Process STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW The Big Picture
5 WHAT WE WANT TO KNOW AND HOW WERE MEASURING IT: Are children (birth-K) exhibiting age-appropriate development? ASQ, ASQ-SE, hearing screenings, vision screenings, other assessments conducted by HIPPY program sites STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW
The Big Picture 6 WHAT WE WANT TO KNOW AND HOW WERE MEASURING IT: Are children (ages 3-K) exhibiting school readiness skills (and showing growth throughout their time in the program)? Bracken School Readiness Assessment (BSRA-3)
STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW The Big Picture 7 WHAT WE WANT TO KNOW: Are parents/caregivers reporting an increase in confidence, knowledge and engagement?
Brief: requires only a 10 minute observation and 1-2 minutes to score Inexpensive: Starter kit with User Guide and 25 observation forms is $55 Practical: helps guide program planning and measure specific outcomes we/funders are interested in Reliable: observers usually agree Valid: predicts good child outcomes STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW How does it fit into the Statewide Evaluation?
10 2016-17 PICCOLO Pilot (MIECHV funded sites) Continuing use of Parent Survey (Pre/Post) and BSRA-3 Beginning July 1, 2017 requiring use of PICCOLO with ALL families enrolled in PAT or HIPPY (with a child 10 months 6 years) PAT within 90 days of enrollment or turning 10 months; subsequent assessments every six months
HIPPY annually during week 15 and 28 STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW What is the PICCOLO? 11 Parenting Interactions with Children: Checklist of Observations Linked to Outcomes
Observational tool to assess parenting behaviors that support child development For parents with children ages 10 - 47 months (additional research being conducted with infants and children 4-6 years). We will be using for children 10 months to 6 years Strengths based - Can help home visitors provide encouraging guidance to develop positive parenting behaviors
29 items measures developmental parenting in 4 domains STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW What Is Developmental Parenting? 12 Developmental Parenting is a set of parenting
behaviors that research shows to support 3 areas of child development: Social: security, self-regulation, relationships Cognitive: exploration, reasoning Language: communication, vocabulary Lori A. Roggman, Ph.D. Utah State University STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW What is Developmental Parenting? 13
Parenting that: - helps children develop - develops over time - parents may need help to develop Lori A. Roggman, Ph.D. Utah State University STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW What are the 4 Domains? 14
Affection Responsiveness Encouragement Teaching STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW PICCOLO Observation 15 Each PICCOLO domain has 7-8
behavior items Each item has observation guidelines STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW Domain 1 - Affection 16 These parenting behaviors help children feel close and connected
to parents These feelings help establish parent/child relationships that continue to support childrens development STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW Domain 1 - Affection 17
Sample Affection Items STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW Domain 2 - Responsiveness 18 When a parent is responsive a child learns to trust and forms a secure attachment Responsive parents
understand what their child needs through child cues STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW Domain 2 - Responsiveness 19 Sample Responsiveness Items STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW
Domain 3 - Encouragement 20 These parenting behaviors encourage children to persist or try something difficult Playing together in encouraging ways promotes social skills and their
24 Each item is rated with a value of 0 (absent), 1 (barely) or 2 (clearly) Sum the item scores to get 4 domain scores Sum the 4 domain scores to get a PICCOLO score Higher item and domain scores are strengths *See PICCOLO Users Guide for average domain score by
age STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW PICCOLO Observations 25 10 minute observation Live scoring while observing OR Video scoring (record and score later)
Check with your agency to ensure youre following protocol related to secure storage of videos/pictures and getting appropriate consent from parents STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW Feedback to Parents 26 Positive: Emphasize what they do well and often Practical: Ask what they can do more of as
part of their regular activities Culturally Sensitive: Ask what kinds of parenting interactions are important to them STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW VIDEO STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW PICCOLO Implementation at your site 28
Order the DVD, user guide and score sheets Take the quiz (will be sent by Parent Possible) Follow up webinar will be held in June Begin use July 1 with all families (with a child 10 months+) STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW Visit Tracker Data Entry 29 STRONGER FAMILIES, TODAY & TOMORROW
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